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Table 1 Matching table of the concepts grouping the risk and protective factors

From: Fuzzy cognitive mapping and soft models of indigenous knowledge on maternal health in Guerrero, Mexico

Risk factors in AcatepecRisk factors in Xochistlahuaca
Category: The woman does not have a healthy maternity (nor a healthy delivery)
The woman suffers “Espanto” (fright)The woman suffers “Espanto” (fright) (traditional disease)
The woman suffers “Antojo”/CravingThe woman suffers “Antojo”/Craving (traditional disease)
The woman suffers “Shaime” (traditional disease) 
The woman suffers “Smoke” (traditional disease, different from smoking) 
The woman suffers “The evil eye” (traditional disease) 
 The woman suffers “Nahual” (traditional disease)
 The woman suffers “Coraje” (anger) (traditional disease)
 The baby suffers “Nquio” (traditional disease)
Woman’s body and face swellingWoman’s feet swelling, abdominal swelling
Cold / Coldness of the wombCold / Coldness
Hemorrhage (pregnancy)Bleeding (pregnancy)
Headache (pregnancy) 
Decreased appetite 
Chills (fever and cold) 
 Weight loss
 Vaginal discharge, itching
 Dizziness, nausea, vomiting (during pregnancy and delivery)
 Painful labor and delivery
 Vaginal swelling (delivery)
Breech presentation (delivery) 
Baby wrapped in umbilical cord (delivery) 
Prolonged laborProlonged labor
Tiredness (delivery)Fatigue (delivery)
 Seeing flashing lights (delivery)
 Faint during delivery
HeadacheHeadache (delivery)
Hemorrhage during deliveryHemorrhage during delivery
Retained placentaRetained placenta
Category: The woman dies
Maternal DeathMaternal Death
Category: The baby dies
Infant deathInfant death
Pregnancy loss 
Category: Abnormal position of baby
Abnormal position of babyAbnormal position of baby
Category: Abortion
Category: The woman suffers violence
Violence (partner or family, sexual abuse, absent father, extramarital children, treats from the father to make her abort)Violence (domestic violence related with alcohol consumption)
 Disagreement or fight
Category: Unsupportive family environment
Unsupportive family environment 
Category: The woman does not follow protective rituals
Not following protective rituals (lighting candles in the mountain or prayers) 
Category: The woman does not follow self-care practices
Practices such as: cooking too close to the fire, using long thread when sewing.Practices such as: carrying heavy loads, shower with cold water, eating cold tortillas, eating pork, eating too much chili pepper, or not covering the head after delivery.
Eating forbidden food (a long list of fruits and animals) 
The woman has multiple sexual partners 
Shower with cold water 
Expose to cold environments 
Heavy work 
 Poor hygiene
 Ignorance of when to push
 Wrong position while sleeping
 Sexual relations too early after delivery
 Drinking alcohol (getting drunk) and infidelity
Category: Accidents
Poisonous animal bites 
Category: Intended spiritual attacks from others
Intended spiritual attacks from others 
Category: Physical or spiritual imbalance
Someone with “heavy” sight looks the women 
 Physical or spiritual imbalances
Category: Primigravida
Category: The woman has poor health condition (before pregnancy)
 The woman has “weak blood”
Category: The woman is poorly nourished
Bad nutritionBad nutrition
Category: The woman has worries, feels disgust or nervous during pregnancy
The woman feels nervous during pregnancy 
The woman has fright caused by thunders, animals, or accidentsThe woman has fright
The woman feels embarrassment or sadness 
 The woman finds something disgusting
Category: Unwanted pregnancy
Unwanted pregnancyUnwanted pregnancy
Protective factors enumerated in AcatepecProtective factors enumerated in Xochistlahuaca
Category: The woman has a safe birth and healthy maternity
The woman is happyThe woman is happy, beautiful, good worker, not lazy, does not get “coraje” (anger). Also, she has a healthy husband
The woman is strong and brave
The woman is able to give birth at homeA good labor and delivery: healthy pains, less blood loss, fast healing
The woman does not get sickHealthy postpartum: healthy baby / the woman is willing to eat after labor
Category: The woman has support of a traditional midwife or healer
Support of a midwife or traditional healerThe woman receives care from the traditional midwife (and she takes care of the position of the baby)
Traditional midwives in the community
A midwife counsels the husband 
Category: Healthcare center or hospital is available
Healthcare centers availableHospital available (Hospital básico comunitario)
Category: The woman follows protective rituals
The woman follows protective rituals (lighting candles or indigenous prayers)The woman follows protective rituals associated with traditional medicine
Praying in the church (Cristian or Catholic) asking for health 
Category: The woman follows self-care practices
 The woman takes care of herself
Category: The woman does not suffer violence
The woman does not suffer violence 
Category: The woman lives without worries
 The woman lives without worries
Category: The woman has a caring, working, and loving husband
 The woman is well treated by the husband
The woman has a caring and loving husbandThe woman has a caring and working husband
 The husband talks to the baby in the womb
Category: The woman has good communication with husband
 Good communication with husband
 The woman discusses (talks) with husband about pregnancy and delivery
Category: The woman has a good health condition (before pregnancy)
 The woman does not get sick
 The woman heals from her diseases
Category: The woman has economic stability
 Economic stability
Category: The woman is well nourished
The woman eats good (enough) foodThe woman eats good (enough) food