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Table 1 Behaviour change constructs and descriptions relevant to questionnaire response. (Based on Cane et al (2012) [12] and on Duncan’s et al (2015) [3]

From: Increasing questionnaire response: evidence from a nested RCT within a longitudinal birth cohort study

Theoretical domain that could be targetedTheoretical domain constructs
Intentions and goalsEstablish theintentionto return the questionnaire
Detail original consent and encourage return of questionnaire as soon as possible
State thegoalsin relation to returning the questionnaire
Target both immediate goals (completing questionnaire) and longer term goals
Social influencesRelate the research tosocial normsorconformity
Provide information on the number of people taking part and completing the questionnaire if appzropriate
Beliefs about consequencesInformation ofconsequencesandattitude
Specific information about the benefits of taking part and what the consequences will be if people do not complete the information. Detail what the expectations of the outcomes will be
Behavioural regulationImplementationintentionand how will they put a plan intoaction (action planning)
Detail an example of where, when, and how behaviour will be performed.
Environmental context and behaviourIdentifybarriersand how these can be overcome
Introduce or define environmental or social stimulus with the purpose of prompting or cueing the behaviour.
KnowledgeInformationabout the study, disease and why this is important