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Table 1 Characteristics of Non-Respondent versus Respondent Hospitals using 2015 American Hospital Association (AHA) Survey Resultsa

From: Identifying the fundamental structures and processes of care contributing to emergency general surgery quality using a mixed-methods Donabedian approach

  Non-Respondent Hospitals (N = 1121)* Respondent Hospitals (N = 1690)* p-value
Ownership Type N (%) < 0.01
 Non-governmental 740 (66.0) 1181 (69.9)  
 Governmental 186 (16.6) 307 (18.2)  
 Investor-owned 182 (16.2) 189 (11.2)  
Setting N (%) 0.40
 Urban 923 (82.3) 1417 (83.9)  
 Rural 185 (16.6) 260 (15.4)  
Teaching Status N (%) < 0.01
 Major 63 (5.6) 161 (9.5)  
 Minor 418 (37.3) 628 (37.2)  
 Non-teaching 627 (55.9) 888 (52.5)  
Inpatient Bed Capacity N (%) 0.15
 500+ beds 84 (7.5) 177 (10.5)  
 400–499 beds 60 (5.4) 84 (5.0)  
 300–399 beds 102 (9.1) 150 (8.9)  
 200–299 beds 156 (13.9) 234 (13.9)  
  < 200 beds 706 (63.0) 1032 (61.1)  
US Census Regions and Divisions N (%) < 0.01
 Midwest region
  East North Central 221 (19.7) 303 (17.9)  
  West North Central 135 (12.0) 220 (13.0)  
 Northeast region
  Middle Atlantic 98 (8.7) 192 (11.4)  
  New England 44 (3.9) 90 (5.3)  
 South region
  South Atlantic 172 (15.3) 273 (16.2)  
  East South Central 91 (8.1) 123 (7.3)  
  West South Central 184 (16.4) 196 (11.6)  
 West region
  Mountain 74 (6.6) 131 (7.8)  
  Pacific 89 (7.9) 149 (8.8)  
Medical School Affiliation N (%) 0.03
 Yes 341 (30.4) 591 (35.0)  
 No 767 (68.4) 1086 (64.3)  
  1. aAHA characteristics are missing for 26 hospitals who answered the 2013 but not 2015 AHA survey