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Table 3 Participants’ characteristics at baseline according to their living status at follow-up

From: Validation of the French version of the Vulnerable Elders Survey-13 (VES-13)

 Outcome at follow-upp
Institutionnalized or dead
(n = 26)
Alive and living at home
(n = 104)
Age (years)87.2 +/−  5.579.8 +/−  6.3< 10–4
Female gender (n, %)19 (73%)67 (64%)0.49
Need human help for ADL (n, %)11 (42%)19 (18%)0.01
Subjects recruited from: (n, %)  < 10–4
prevention center (Group 1)044 (43%) 
geriatric outpatient clinic (Group 2)7 (27%)33 (31%) 
rehabilitation hospital unit (Group 3)19 (73%)27 (26%) 
MMSE (0–30)25.9 +/− 2.926.9 +/−  2.70.12
EVA-13 (0–10)7.61 +/− 2.813.23 +/− 3.30< 10–4*
Vulnerable, i.e. EVA-13 Score > 324 (92%)46 (44%)< 10–4
  1. ADL activities of daily living, MMSE Mini mental status examination, EVA-13 Echelle de vulnérabilité des ainés
  2. *using U Mann and Whitney test