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Table 3 Posterior means (95 % credible intervals) for the JA utilization and full models

From: A population‐based study to develop juvenile arthritis case definitions for administrative health data using model‐based dynamic classification

Variable JA Utilization Modela Full Modelb
JA Cases Non-JA Controls JA Cases Non-JA Controls
JA-related visit
 Male -0.60 (-0.97, -0.24) -0.07 (-0.44, 0.28) -0.59 (-0.95, -0.22) -0.07 (-0.43,0.27)
 Urban -0.24 (-0.59, 0.11) -0.57 (-0.91, -0.22) -0.24 (-0.60, 0.11) -0.53 (-0.86,-0.18)
 Age 0.21 (0.19, 0.22) 0.17 (0.14, 0.20) 0.21 (0.19, 0.22) 0.17 (0.14,0.20)
 E(Intercept) -1.76 (-2.09, -1.44) -4.75 (-5.22, -4.28) -1.77 (-2.11, -1.46) -4.74 (-5.21,-4.28)
 SD(Intercept) 1.59 (1.44, 1.75) 1.06 (0.86, 1.27) 1.60 (1.44, 1.75) 1.03 (0.84,1.23)
# specialist visits -- --   
Male -- -- -0.19 (-0.37, -0.02) -0.13 (-0.32, 0.06)
Urban -- -- 0.55 (0.38, 0.71) 0.63 (0.45, 0.81)
Age -- -- -0.04 (-0.05, -0.04) -0.03 (-0.04, -0.03)
E(Intercept) -- -- 1.26 (1.12, 1.40) 0.91 (0.74, 1.07)
SD(Intercept) -- -- 0.80 (0.74, 0.86) 0.92 (0.85, 0.99)
Hospitalization -- --   
Male -- -- 0.24 (-0.03, 0.52) 0.02 (-0.23, 0.25)
Urban -- -- -0.57 (-0.83, -0.32) -0.58 (-0.80, -0.34)
Age -- -- -0.11 (-0.13, -0.09) -0.04 (-0.06, -0.03)
E(Intercept) -- -- -1.46 (-1.72, -1.20) -1.47 (-1.71, -1.24)
SD(Intercept) -- -- 0.87 (0.73, 1.01) 0.84 (0.73, 0.96)
# GP visits -- --   
Male -- -- 0.03 (-0.16, 0.24) -0.02 (-0.22, 0.19)
Urban -- -- -0.50 (-0.68, -0.30) -0.46 (-0.66, -0.25)
Age -- -- -0.11 (-0.11, -0.10) -0.10 (-0.10, -0.09)
E(Intercept) -- -- 1.62 (1.46, 1.79) 1.45 (1.28, 1.63)
SD(Intercept) -- -- 0.94 (0.87, 1.02) 1.00 (0.92, 1.07)
  1. Note: Values in boldface font indicate the fixed effect estimate was statistically significant at α = 0.05: GP general practitioner; JA juvenile arthritis; E(Intercept) mean of random intercept; SD(Intercept) standard deviation of random intercept
  2. aJA utilization model contains one healthcare utilization variable: any JA-related healthcare contact; b Full model contains four healthcare utilization variables: (1) Any JA-related healthcare contact, (2) Number of specialist physician visits,(3) Hospitalization, (4) Number of general practitioner (GP) physician visits