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Table 1 Characteristics of newly admitted nursing home residents by level of cognitive impairment (n = 1,930,192)

From: Multiple imputation to quantify misclassification in observational studies of the cognitively impaired: an application for pain assessment in nursing home residents

Characteristic Level of Cognitive Impairment
No/Mild, % (n = 1,160,053) Moderate, % (n = 430,442) Severe, % (n = 339,697)
Age, years
 50–64 10.9 5.7 4.2
 65–74 29.0 17.9 13.5
 75–84 33.3 33.3 32.2
 85 +  26.7 43.0 50.1
Women 62.7 58.0 61.4
Race/ethnicity: Non-Hispanic, White 81.1 78.2 75.3
Non-Hispanic, Black 9.6 10.8 12.2
Hispanic or Latino of any race(s) 3.7 4.8 5.8
Non-Hispanic American Indian, Alaskan Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, multiracial 1.9 2.4 3.0
Marital Status:
 Never married 12.1 10.4 9.8
 Married 33.4 32.4 32.8
 Widowed 36.1 42.3 44.7
 Separated 1.1 0.9 0.8
 Divorced 13.3 10.2 8.1
Activities of daily living
 Moderate limitations 68.1 68.4 63.5
 Dependent 12.9 19.0 28.2
Diagnoses
 Cancer 10.7 10.1 8.3
 Heart/Circulatory
  Heart Failure 22.2 22.5 17.6
  Coronary Artery Disease 24.5 25.0 21.7
  Venous Thromboembolism 3.9 3.4 3.0
  Peripheral Vascular/Arterial Disease 7.8 7.2 5.6
 Gastrointestinal
  Cirrhosis 1.3 1.1 0.7
  GERD or Ulcer 35.5 33.0 29.6
  Inflammatory Bowel Disease/ Ulcerative Colitis 1.4 1.1 0.9
 Infections
  Urinary Tract Infection (last 30 days) 10.0 13.5 14.9
  Pneumonia 7.9 9.0 8.5
 Metabolic
  Diabetes 35.6 32.4 27.9
  Thyroid Disorder 22.2 21.8 21.7
 Musculoskeletal
  Arthritis 28.6 23.4 20.8
  Osteoporosis 8.9 9.0 9.5
  Fracture (hip and other) 19.1 17.7 16.4
 Neurological/Psych
  Dementia/Alzheimer’s 7.7 32.3 62.0
  Anxiety disorder 19.4 19.2 20.5
  Depression 29.5 31.8 32.0
 Pulmonary
  Asthma/COPD 26.7 22.7 16.7
  Respiratory Failure 5.2 4.6 3.9