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Table 2 Simulation results: Means, empirical standard errors and 95% coverage probabilities of parameter estimates from 10,000 simulations under observed misclassification rates of race/ethnicity by sampling design and method

From: Survey design and analysis considerations when utilizing misclassified sampling strata

  Full cohort SRS Disproportionate stratified sampling
    Design-agnostic Model-based Design-based
Non-differential misclassification
Intercept -0.75 (0.01) 94.7 -0.75 (0.05) 95.0 -0.75 (0.06) 95.1 -0.75 (0.10) 94.5 -0.75 (0.07) 94.9
Black -0.25 (0.02) 95.0 -0.26 (0.15) 94.9 -0.25 (0.11) 94.8 -0.26 (0.25) 95.4 -0.25 (0.12) 94.9
Asian -0.50 (0.07) 95.0 -0.59 (0.82) 96.7 -0.51 (0.21) 95.2 -0.51 (0.26) 95.2 -0.52 (0.27) 93.0
Other 1.25 (0.03) 95.1 1.26 (0.21) 95.2 1.25 (0.14) 95.5 1.26 (0.18) 95.6 1.26 (0.21) 95.1
Hispanic -1.50 (0.07) 95.0 -1.63 (0.87) 96.8 -1.55 (0.41) 95.9 -1.55 (0.42) 96.0 -1.56 (0.47) 95.2
Low income 1.00 (0.02) 94.5 1.00 (0.12) 95.4 1.00 (0.11) 95.1 1.01 (0.11) 95.1 1.00 (0.14) 95.0
Differential misclassification
Intercept -0.75 (0.01) 94.7 -0.75 (0.05) 95.1 -0.57 (0.06) 13.0 -0.74 (0.10) 95.0 -0.75 (0.07) 95.2
Black -0.25 (0.02) 95.0 -0.25 (0.15) 95.1 -0.42 (0.11) 67.6 -0.42 (0.24) 90.1 -0.26 (0.12) 94.8
Asian -0.50 (0.07) 95.0 -0.58 (0.79) 96.5 -0.81 (0.20) 67.9 -2.16 (0.27) 0.0 -0.52 (0.28) 91.7
Other 1.25 (0.03) 95.1 1.26 (0.21) 95.0 0.96 (0.13) 42.4 0.02 (0.19) 0.0 1.25 (0.20) 94.5
Hispanic -1.50 (0.07) 95.0 -1.62 (0.87) 97.0 -1.63 (0.36) 96.3 -2.14 (0.38) 62.1 -1.55 (0.42) 95.2
Low income 1.00 (0.02) 94.5 1.00 (0.12) 94.7 1.00 (0.11) 95.2 1.01 (0.11) 94.9 1.00 (0.15) 94.8