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Table 5 The proportion of RCTs that comply with each CONSORT item included for analysis in the study, by region, and the overall compliance (n = 392)

From: A multiyear systematic survey of the quality of reporting for randomised trials in dentistry, neurology and geriatrics published in journals of Spain and Latin America

Consort item and number Latin America (%) Spain (%) All (%)
Title & abstract 1a Title 16 30 24
1b Abstract 55 82 70
Methods 3a Trial design 58 55 56
4a Participants 72 82 78
4b Settings 43 44 43
5 Interventions 88 84 86
6a Outcomes 21 22 22
Randomisation 7a Sample size 22 19 20
8a Sequence generation 28 35 32
9 Allocation concealment 12 11 11
10 Implementation 3 0 1
11a Blinding 24 18 21
12a Statistical methods 44 37 40
Results 13a Participant flow 35 28 31
13b Losses & exclusions 20 19 19
14a Dates of recruitment 5 4 4
15 Baseline data 29 39 34
16 Numbers analysed 15 15 15
17a Outcomes & estimation 3 5 4
19 Harms 26 29 28
Other information 23 Registration 2 5 4
24 Protocol 0 1 1
25 Funding 28 25 26