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Table 2 Definitions of the core constructs of NPT, adapted from May et al., 2015 [31]

From: Embedding mentoring to support trial processes and implementation fidelity in a randomised controlled trial of vocational rehabilitation for stroke survivors

NPT core construct Construct components
Coherence: sense-making, when faced with problems of operationalising practices Differentiation: understanding how things are different
Communal specification: people working together to have shared understanding of aims/objectives and expected benefits
Individual specification: individuals understanding their specific tasks and responsibilities
Internalisation: understanding the value, benefits, and importance of a set of practices
Cognitive participation: relational work to build and sustain community of practice Initiation: whether or not key people are working to drive new/modified practices forward
Enrolment: organising people to collectively contribute to work involved in new practices
Legitimation: ensuring other participants believe they should be involved and can contribute
Activation: collectively defining actions/procedures needed to sustain practice and stay involved
Collective action: operational work to enact practices Interactional workability: how people interact with each other, artefacts, and other practices to operationalise in everyday settings
Relational integration: knowledge work people do to build accountability and maintain confidence in a set of practices and each other as they use them
Skill set workability: allocating work to people with the correct skills sets
Contextual integration: allocating resources and executing protocols, policies and procedures (to manage set of practices)
Reflexive monitoring: understanding how the set of practices affect them and others Systemization: collecting info to see how effective/useful a set of practices are (e.g., randomised controlled trials, anecdotes)
Communal appraisal: people working together to evaluate the worth of a set of practices
Individual appraisal: Individuals appraise how a set of practices affects them (as an individual) and contexts in which they are set
Reconfiguration: appraisal work leading to attempts to redefine procedures or modify practices