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Table 1 Distribution of the demographic and clinical characteristics in the full sample and across ED visit status

From: Can the adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) checklist be utilized to predict emergency department visits among children and adolescents?

Characteristics Full sample
% (95% CI)
ED visit
% (95% CI)
No ED visits
% (95% CI)
Age in years (mean/SD) 12.1 (4.3) 12.6 (4.2) 11.7 (4.3)
Sex
 Male 44.7 (43.5,46.0) 40.4 (38.5,42.4) 47.8 (46.2,49.4)
 Female 54.2 (53.0,55.5) 58.2 (56.3,60.1) 51.4 (49.7,53.0)
 Neither male/female 1.1 (0.8,1.4) 1.4 (1.0,1.9) 0.8 (0.6,1.2)
Residence
 Rural 4.8 (4.3,5.4) 3.5 (2.9,4.3) 5.8 (5.0,6.6)
 Urban 89.5 (88.7,90.3) 91.8 (90.7,92.8) 87.9 (86.8,89.0)
 Unclassified/unknown 0.8 (0.6,1.0) 0.6 (0.4,1.0) 0.9 (0.6,1.2)
 Missing 4.9 (4.4,5.4) 4.1 (3.4,4.9) 5.4 (4.7,6.2)
Program type
 Community bed 1.3 (1.1,1.6) 1.8 (1.4,2.4) 1.0 (0.7,1.3)
 Community clinic 22.2 (21.2,23.3) 21.6 (20.0,23.2) 22.7 (21.3,24.1)
 Consultation service 10.5 (9.7,11.3) 10.8 (9.7,12.1) 10.2 (9.3,11.3)
 Day treatment 1.4 (1.1,1.7) 1.2 (0.9,1.7) 1.5 (1.2,2.0)
 Emergency service 14.5 (13.6,15.4) 17.6 (16.2,19.1) 12.2 (11.2,13.3)
 Inpatient unit 13.7 (12.8,14.5) 17.7 (16.3,19.3) 10.7 (9.8,11.8)
 Outpatient service 16.3 (15.4,17.3) 15.3 (14.0,16.8) 17.0 (15.8,18.3)
 School-based service 14.6 (13.7,15.5) 9.0 (8.0,10.2) 18.5 (17.3,19.8)
 Specialized service 5.6 (5.0,6.2) 4.9 (4.1,5.8) 6.1 (5.3,6.9)
Primary diagnosis
 Anxiety disorder 24.3 (23.2,25.4) 23.5 (21.9,25.1) 24.9 (23.5,26.3)
 Bipolar disorder 0.2 (0.1,0.4) 0.2 (0.1,0.5) 0.2 (0.1,0.4)
 Depressive disorder 12.5 (11.7,13.4) 15.0 (13.6,16.4) 10.8 (9.8,11.8)
 Disruptive/impulse-control/conduct disorder 1.5 (1.2,1.8) 1.8 (1.3,2.4) 1.3 (0.9,1.7)
 Feeding/eating disorder 2.4 (2.0,2.8) 2.2 (1.7,2.8) 2.5 (2.1,3.1)
 Gender dysphoria 0.2 (0.1,0.3) 0.2 (0.1,0.5) 0.2 (0.1,0.4)
 Medical disorder 0.7 (0.5,0.9) 0.7 (0.4,1.1) 0.7 (0.5,1.0)
 Neurodevelopmental disorder 19.5 (18.5,20.5) 19.3 (17.8,20.9) 19.7 (18.4,21.0)
 Obsessive-compulsive disorder 1.6 (1.3,2.0) 1.1 (0.8,1.6) 2.0 (1.6,2.5)
 Other mental disorders 4.2 (3.8,4.8) 3.3 (2.7,4.1) 4.9 (4.2,5.7)
 Personality disorder 0.2 (0.1,0.4) 0.2 (0.1,0.5) 0.3 (0.1,0.5)
 Psychosocial factor 17.3 (16.4,18.3) 14.7 (13.4,16.2) 19.1 (17.9,20.5)
 Schizophrenia/psychotic disorder 0.7 (0.5,1.0) 0.9 (0.6,1.4) 0.6 (0.4,0.9)
 Somatic symptom 0.3 (0.2,0.5) 0.6 (0.3,0.9) 0.2 (0.1,0.4)
 Substance-related disorder 0.9 (0.7,1.2) 1.2 (0.9,1.7) 0.7 (0.5,1.0)
 Trauma/stress-related disorder 13.1 (12.3,14.0) 14.8 (13.5,16.2) 12.0 (10.9,13.1)
 Others 0.2 (0.1,0.3) 0.3 (0.2,0.6) 0.1 (0.0,0.3)