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Table 3 Association between ACE items and index ED visit within a year of enrolment to mental health services

From: Can the adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) checklist be utilized to predict emergency department visits among children and adolescents?

ACE items Odds Ratio (OR) 95% CI p-value
Emotional abuse
 Yes 1.48 1.32, 1.66 < 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.33 0.95, 1.85 0.09
Physical abuse
 Yes 1.56 1.35, 1.81 < 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.37 1.02, 1.85 0.03
Sexual abuse
 Yes 1.72 1.41, 2.10 < 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.64 1.26, 2.12 < 0.001
Emotional neglect
 Yes 1.43 1.28, 1.60 < 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 0.97 0.72, 1.31 0.8
Physical neglect
 Yes 1.30 1.11, 1.52 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.21 0.88, 1.68 0.2
Parents divorced
 Yes 1.23 1.11, 1.37 < 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.61 0.95, 2.72 0.07
Interpersonal violence in family
 Yes 1.34 1.18, 1.53 < 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.44 1.12, 1.86 0.004
Substance use in family
 Yes 1.23 1.09, 1.38 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.47 1.15, 1.89 0.002
Mental illness in family
 Yes 1.20 1.08, 1.33 0.001
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.36 1.03, 1.79 0.02
Incarceration of family member
 Yes 1.05 0.87, 1.27 0.6
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Missing 1.57 1.27, 1.95 < 0.001