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Table 3 Quality assessment criteria of each article using CASP Cohort Checklista

From: Synthesis of evidence on the use of ecological momentary assessments to monitor health outcomes after traumatic injury: rapid systematic review

Authors Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5a Q5b Q6a Q6b Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12
Traumatic brain injury, concussion, and acquired brain injury
Albanese et al. [18] Y Y Y Y Y Y C Y Greater distress intolerance predicted a poorer ability to volitionally suppress intrusions during the monitoring period. Y Y Y Y Y
Forster et al. [20] Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Patients’ mean compliance rate for EMA was 71.6%. Across all variables, a mean of 55.1% variability in responses. No correlation between patients’ compliance or mean fluctuation. Y Y Y Y Y
Juengst et al. [22] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Participants correctly completed 73.4% of all scheduled assessments Y Y Y Y Y
Juengst et al. [23] Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Significant temporal within-person variability occurred for all measures. N Y Y Y Y
Lenaert et al. [24] Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Demonstrated feasibility with a 71% response rate and a 99% completion rate. There were no dropouts and method indicated as user-friendly. N Y Y Y Y
Rabinowitz et al. [26] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Network modelling revealed marked heterogeneity across participants in terms of acute concussion symptoms. Y Y Y C Y
Rabinowitz et al. [27] Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y EMA response rate was positively correlated with integrity of episodic memory and education. Activities associated with positive or negative affect were able to be characterised. N Y Y Y Y
Smith et al. [28] Y Y Y Y N N Y Y mHealth technologies are feasible adjuncts to traditional medical treatment in the Veteran population. N Y Y Y Y
Sufrinko et al. [30] Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y Post-concussion symptoms able to be measured using mobile EMA and symptoms captured able to be used to determine associations with recovery. Y Y Y Y Y
Trbovich et al. [31] Y Y Y Y Y Y C Y Sleep efficiency and total sleep time were negatively associated with next day concussion symptoms. Y Y Y Y Y
Wiebe et al. [32] Y Y Y Y N N Y Y EMA feasible. Concussion symptoms decreased as the 2-week follow-up period progressed. Y Y Y C Y
Worthen-Chaudhari et al. [33] Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Mobile apps using social gaming may promote health management in teens with unresolved concussion symptoms. Y Y Y C Y
Spinal cord injury
Carlozzi et al. [34] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Identified minimum of number of End of Day (EOD) and Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMAs) needed to achieve different levels of reliability (“adequate” > 0.70, “good” > 0.80 and excellent > 0.90). N Y Y Y Y
Carlozzi et al. [35] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Fluctuations in sleep quality were significantly associated with ratings of Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL). Y Y Y Y Y
Kratz et al. [36] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Pain acceptance significantly moderated the momentary association between pain intensity and pain interference; those with higher pain acceptance experienced a blunted increase in interference when pain was high. N Y Y Y Y
Kratz et al. [37] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Participant compliance was related to time of day/ presence of audible prompts, mobility aid use, race, and baseline levels of pain and pain interference, with more missing data at wake and bedtimes/ no prompts, and for those who used hand-held mobility devices, identified as African American, and/or reported higher baseline pain and pain interference. Y Y Y Y Y
Kim et al. [38] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Bivariate correlations indicated moderate to large between-person linear associations between pain acceptance, intensity, and catastrophizing. N Y Y Y Y
Todd et al. [39] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Participants experienced a significant decrease in neuropathic pain following completion of at least one bout of exercise. Y Y Y Y Y
Todd et al. [40] Y Y Y Y N N Y Y Participants reported that EMA protocol was unobtrusive to their daily routines, and effectively captured their neuropathic pain sensations. N Y Y Y Y
Traumatic injury, including head injury
Gonzalez-Borato et al. [41] Y Y Y Y N N N Y Psixport can gather information about injured athletes’ cognitive appraisals, emotional responses, behaviours, and pain perceptions. EMA more accurate than retrospective reports. Y Y Y Y Y
Pacella et al. [42] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Greater odds of headache and concentration difficulties on day 1 post-injury among the head injured and mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) groups vs non-head injured trauma controls. Y Y Y Y Y
Pacella et al. [43] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Pain scores decreased over time, and daily fluctuations of hyperarousal were associated with daily fluctuations in reported pain level within each person. Y Y Y Y Y
Price et al. [44] Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y Response rates were correlated with PTSD symptoms at baseline but not at other times. N Y Y Y Y
Price et al. [45] Y Y Y Y Y N N Y Responses rates were uncorrelated with PTSD symptoms or depression symptoms at 1-and 3-month post-injury. N Y Y Y Y
Price et al. [46] Y Y Y Y N N N Y Response rate was 61.1%. Participants reported that the daily assessments were not bothersome and were moderately helpful. N Y Y Y Y
  1. Y Yes, N No C Can’t tell, N/A Not applicable
  2. aCASP Cohort Appraisal Checklist questions:
  3. 1. Did the study address a clearly focussed issue?
  4. 2. Was the cohort recruited in an acceptable way?
  5. 3. Was the exposure accurately measured to minimise bias?
  6. 4. Was the outcome accurately measured to minimise bias?
  7. 5a. Have the authors identified all important confounding factors?
  8. 5b. Have they taken into account of the confounding factors in the design and/or analysis?
  9. 6a. Was the follow up of the subjects complete enough?
  10. 6b. Was the follow up of subjects long enough?
  11. 7. What are the result of this study?
  12. 8. How precise are the results?
  13. 9. Do you believe the results?
  14. 10. Can the results be applied to the local population?
  15. 11. Do the results of this study fit with other available evidence?
  16. 12. Does the study have implications for practice?