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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are rapidly rising in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Systematic reviews satisfy the demand from practitioners and policy makers for prompt comprehensive evide...

    Authors: Alaa Akkawi, Joanne Khabsa, Aya Noubani, Sarah Jamali, Abla M. Sibai and Tamara Lotfi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Clinical trials are essential to improve knowledge of anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Unfortunately, many studies face participant-recruitment issues and fail to include the planned number of participan...

    Authors: Caroline Noirmain, Béatrice Gil-Wey, Isabelle Pichon, Pauline Brindel and Guy Haller

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Non-participation and attrition are rarely studied despite being important methodological issues when performing post-disaster studies. A longitudinal survey of civilians exposed to the January 2015 terrorist ...

    Authors: Cécile Vuillermoz, Lise Eilin Stene, Lydéric Aubert, Yvon Motreff, Philippe Pirard, Thierry Baubet, Sophie Lesieur, Pierre Chauvin and Stéphanie Vandentorren

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In the data pipeline from the data collection process to the planned statistical analyses, initial data analysis (IDA) typically takes place between the end of the data collection and do not touch the research...

    Authors: Marianne Huebner, Werner Vach, Saskia le Cessie, Carsten Oliver Schmidt and Lara Lusa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aims of this study were to assess whether the previous registration of a systematic review (SR) is associated with the improvement of the quality of the report of SRs and whether SR registration reduced ou...

    Authors: Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Bernardo Antônio Agostini, Rafaela Bassani, Gabriel Kalil Rocha Pereira and Rafael Sarkis-Onofre

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Single time-point assessments of psychological distress are often used to indicate chronic mental health problems, but the validity of this approach is unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate how a...

    Authors: J. Welsh, R. J. Korda, E. Banks, L. Strazdins, G. Joshy and P. Butterworth

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Studies examining incident heart failure (HF) have been limited to select populations. To examine incident HF with broader generalizability, there is need to assemble a HF-free cohort using a geographically-di...

    Authors: Parag Goyal, Matthew T. Mefford, Ligong Chen, Madeline R. Sterling, Raegan W. Durant, Monika M. Safford and Emily B. Levitan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In composing multi-thematic questionnaires for the Lolland-Falster Health Study (LOFUS), we faced a range of challenges, for which we found limited guidance in the literature. LOFUS is a household-based popula...

    Authors: Cecilie Lindström Egholm, Aake Packness, Jakob Stokholm, Knud Rasmussen, Christina Ellervik, Erik Simonsen, Anne Illemann Christensen and Randi Jepsen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:52

    Content type: Commentary

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  9. Biosocial survey data are in high demand, yet little is known about the measurement quality of health measures collected by nurses in respondents’ homes. Our objective was to analyze the degree to which nurses...

    Authors: Alexandru Cernat and Joseph W. Sakshaug

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Incomplete data are of particular important influence in mental measurement questionnaires. Most experts, however, mostly focus on clinical trials and cohort studies and generally pay less attention to this de...

    Authors: Xueying Xu, Leizhen Xia, Qimeng Zhang, Shaoning Wu, Mingcheng Wu and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A Core Outcomes Set (COS) is an agreed minimum set of outcomes that should be reported in all clinical studies related to a specific condition. Using prostate cancer as a case study, we identified, summarized,...

    Authors: Michela Meregaglia, Oriana Ciani, Helen Banks, Maximilian Salcher-Konrad, Caroline Carney, Sahan Jayawardana, Paula Williamson and Giovanni Fattore

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Validated algorithms to classify type 1 and 2 diabetes (T1D, T2D) are mostly limited to white pediatric populations. We conducted a large study in Hong Kong among children and adults with diabetes to develop a...

    Authors: Calvin Ke, Thérèse A. Stukel, Andrea Luk, Baiju R. Shah, Prabhat Jha, Eric Lau, Ronald C. W. Ma, Wing-Yee So, Alice P. Kong, Elaine Chow and Juliana C. N. Chan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The mechanisms and pathways to impacts from public health research in the UK have not been widely studied. Through the lens of one funder (NIHR), our aims are to map the diversity of public health research, in...

    Authors: Harriet Boulding, Adam Kamenetzky, Ioana Ghiga, Becky Ioppolo, Facundo Herrera, Sarah Parks, Catriona Manville, Susan Guthrie and Saba Hinrichs-Krapels

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Consensus-orientated Delphi studies are increasingly used in various areas of medical research using a variety of different rating scales and criteria for reaching consensus. We explored the influence of using...

    Authors: Toni Lange, Christian Kopkow, Jörg Lützner, Klaus-Peter Günther, Sascha Gravius, Hanns-Peter Scharf, Johannes Stöve, Richard Wagner and Jochen Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Data-visualization methods are essential to explore and communicate meta-analytic data and results. With a large number of novel graphs proposed quite recently, a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of availabl...

    Authors: Michael Kossmeier, Ulrich S. Tran and Martin Voracek

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Clinical prediction models are widely used to guide medical advice and therapeutic interventions. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and is characterised by acute deteriorations. These ...

    Authors: Joshua Bridge, John D. Blakey and Laura J. Bonnett

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Identifying and assessing degree and type of frailty among older persons is a major challenge when targeting high risk populations to identify preventive interventions. The Vulnerable Elders Survey-(VES-13) is...

    Authors: Joël Belmin, Lyamna Khellaf, Sylvie Pariel, Witold Jarzebowski, Lucie Valembois, John Zeisel and Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  18. There are a growing number of studies using mediation analysis to understand the mechanisms of health interventions and exposures. Recent work has shown that the reporting of these studies is heterogenous and ...

    Authors: Aidan G. Cashin, James H. McAuley, Sarah E. Lamb, Sally Hopewell, Steven J. Kamper, Christopher M. Williams, Nicholas Henschke and Hopin Lee

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Antidepressants are prescribed widely to manage low back pain. There are a number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses which have investigated the efficacy of the treatments, while the methodological qualit...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Panahi, Mostafa Mohseni, Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Integrated care is an increasingly important principle for organising healthcare. Integrated care models show promise in reducing resource wastage and service fragmentation whilst improving the accessibility, ...

    Authors: Raechel A. Damarell, Suzanne Lewis, Camilla Trenerry and Jennifer J. Tieman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Systematic reviews are a key input to health and social welfare decisions. Studies included in systematic reviews often vary with respect to contextual factors that may impact on how transferable review findin...

    Authors: Heather Munthe-Kaas, Heid Nøkleby, Simon Lewin and Claire Glenton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Randomised trial protocols may incorporate interim analyses, with the potential to stop the study for futility if early data show insufficient promise of a treatment benefit. Previously, we have shown that thi...

    Authors: S. D. Walter, H. Han, G. H. Guyatt, D. Bassler, N. Bhatnagar, V. Gloy, S. Schandelmaier and M. Briel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The design and execution of measurement in quality improvement (QI) initiatives is often poor. Better guidance on “what good looks like” might help to mitigate some of the problems. We report a consensus-build...

    Authors: Thomas Woodcock, Yewande Adeleke, Christine Goeschel, Peter Pronovost and Mary Dixon-Woods

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Systematic reviews are vital to the pursuit of evidence-based medicine within healthcare. Screening titles and abstracts (T&Ab) for inclusion in a systematic review is an intensive, and often collaborative, st...

    Authors: Hannah Harrison, Simon J. Griffin, Isla Kuhn and Juliet A. Usher-Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  25. This study examined the criterion validity of the online Active Australia Survey, using accelerometry as the criterion, and whether self-report bias was related to level of activity, age, sex, education, body ...

    Authors: Rachel G. Curtis, Timothy Olds, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Sarah Edney, Jillian Ryan and Carol Maher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Researchers and clinicians use text messages to collect data with the advantage of real time capture when compared with standard data collection methods. This article reviews project setup and management for s...

    Authors: Noa’a Shimoni, Siripanth Nippita and Paula M. Castaño

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Technical advance

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  27. Aboriginal people are known to be under-recorded in routinely collected datasets in Australia. This study examined methods for enhancing the reporting of cancer incidence among Aboriginal people using linked d...

    Authors: Hanna E. Tervonen, Stuart Purdie and Nicola Creighton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:245

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Research priority setting with stakeholders can help direct the limited resources for health research toward priority areas of need. Ensuring transparency of the priority setting process can strengthen legitim...

    Authors: Allison Tong, Anneliese Synnot, Sally Crowe, Sophie Hill, Andrea Matus, Nicole Scholes-Robertson, Sandy Oliver, Katherine Cowan, Mona Nasser, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Talia Gutman, Amanda Baumgart and Jonathan C. Craig

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Subsequent to a three-month pilot phase, recruiting patients for the newly established BFCC (Baltic Fracture Competence Centre) transnational fracture registry, a validation of the data quality needed to be ca...

    Authors: Jasper Frese, Annalice Gode, Gerhard Heinrichs, Armin Will and Arndt-Peter Schulz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  30. All clinical research benefits from transparency and validity. Transparency and validity of studies may increase by prospective registration of protocols and by publication of statistical analysis plans (SAPs)...

    Authors: Bart Hiemstra, Frederik Keus, Jørn Wetterslev, Christian Gluud and Iwan C. C. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:233

    Content type: Debate

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  31. Questionnaires are valuable data collection instruments in public health research, and can serve to pre-screen respondents for suitability in future studies. Survey non-response leads to reduced effective samp...

    Authors: Michael G. Smith, Maryam Witte, Sarah Rocha and Mathias Basner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Exercise is an effective therapeutic intervention for cancer survivors. Concerns about the completeness of reporting of exercise interventions have been raised in the literature, but without any formal analysi...

    Authors: Jose Francisco Meneses-Echavez, Indira Rodriguez-Prieto, Mark Elkins, Javier Martínez-Torres, Lien Nguyen and Julia Bidonde

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Within qualitative research in-person interviews have the reputation for being the highest standard of interviewer-participant encounter. However, there are other approaches to interviewing such as telephone a...

    Authors: Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Many population health surveys consist of a mixed-mode design that includes a face-to-face (F2F) interview followed by a paper-and-pencil (P&P) self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) for the sensitive topics. I...

    Authors: Elise Braekman, Sabine Drieskens, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Finaba Berete, Lydia Gisle, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden and Guido Van Hal

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Engaging those who influence, administer and/or who are active users (“knowledge users”) of health care systems, as co-producers of health research, can help to ensure that research products will better addres...

    Authors: Janet E. Jull, Laurie Davidson, Rachel Dungan, Tram Nguyen, Krista P. Woodward and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Clinical quality registries and other systems that conduct routine post-discharge surveillance of patient outcomes following surgery may have difficulty surveying patients who have limited proficiency in the l...

    Authors: Daniel Xue, Timothy Churches, Elizabeth Armstrong, Rajat Mittal, Justine Maree Naylor and Ian Andrew Harris

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Longitudinal research has demonstrated that experiences of abuse and adversity are not consistently reported over time; however, there is a paucity of available evidence regarding the consistency of reporting ...

    Authors: Deborah Loxton, Jennifer Powers, Natalie Townsend, Melissa L. Harris and Peta Forder

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Recruitment to health research remains a major challenge. Innovation is required to meet policy commitments to help patients take part in health research. One innovation that may help meet those policy goals i...

    Authors: Katherine Grady, Martin Gibson and Peter Bower

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Debate

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  39. Locally produced generic drugs offer a cost–effective alternative to imported drugs to treat patients in Ethiopia. However, due to a lack of bioequivalence testing, additional assurance tests are needed to bui...

    Authors: Chalachew Alemayehu, Geoff Mitchell, Jane Nikles, Abraham Aseffa and Alexandra Clavarino

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Several literature reviews have been published focusing on the prevalence and/or preventability of hospital readmissions. To our knowledge, none focused on the different causes which have been used to evaluate...

    Authors: R. G. Singotani, F. Karapinar, C. Brouwers, C. Wagner and M. C. de Bruijne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:189

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:214

  41. The Pain Medication Questionnaire (PMQ) assesses the risk of opioid abuse in people with non-oncological chronic pain.

    Authors: Sheila Raposo Galindo, Manoel Henrique da Nóbrega Marinho, Robert J. Gatchel, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva, Eduardo Henrique Soares Viana, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos and Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This article describes a bibliometric review of the scientific production, geographical distribution, collaboration, impact, and subject area focus of pneumonia research indexed on the Web of Science over a 15...

    Authors: José M. Ramos-Rincón, Héctor Pinargote-Celorio, Isabel Belinchón-Romero and Gregorio González-Alcaide

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Loneliness and social isolation are major determinants of mental wellbeing, especially among older adults. The effectiveness of interventions to address loneliness and social isolation among older adults has b...

    Authors: Janet Ige, Lynn Gibbons, Issy Bray and Selena Gray

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The use of systematic review methods are widely recognized to be essential in the development of recommendations in clinical practice guidelines to prove their trustworthiness. The objective of this study was ...

    Authors: Chiara Trevisiol, Michela Cinquini, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Massimo Gion and Anne W. S. Rutjes

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Current methods for assessing strength of evidence prioritize the contributions of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The objective of this study was to characterize strength of evidence (SOE) tools in recen...

    Authors: D. L. Katz, M. C. Karlsen, M. Chung, M. M. Shams-White, L. W. Green, J. Fielding, A. Saito and W. Willett

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The use of real-world data to generate evidence requires careful assessment and validation of critical variables before drawing clinical conclusions. Prospective clinical trial data suggest that anatomic origi...

    Authors: Patricia Luhn, Deborah Kuk, Gillis Carrigan, Nathan Nussbaum, Rachael Sorg, Rebecca Rohrer, Melisa G. Tucker, Brandon Arnieri, Michael D. Taylor and Neal J. Meropol

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Research reporting guidelines are increasingly commonplace and shown to improve the quality of published health research and health outcomes. Despite severe health inequities among Indigenous Peoples and the p...

    Authors: Tania Huria, Suetonia C. Palmer, Suzanne Pitama, Lutz Beckert, Cameron Lacey, Shaun Ewen and Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Participants in voluntary research present a different demographic profile than those who choose not to participate, affecting the generalizability of many studies. Efforts to evaluate these differences have f...

    Authors: Simone Dahrouge, Catherine Deri Armstrong, William Hogg, Jatinderpreet Singh and Clare Liddy

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

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