Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Research article

    Repeat: a framework to assess empirical reproducibility in biomedical research

    The reproducibility of research is essential to rigorous science, yet significant concerns of the reliability and verifiability of biomedical research have been recently highlighted. Ongoing efforts across sev...

    Leslie D. McIntosh, Anthony Juehne, Cynthia R. H. Vitale, Xiaoyan Liu, Rosalia Alcoser, J. Christian Lukas and Bradley Evanoff

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:143

    Published on: 18 September 2017

  2. Research article

    Reporting of the translation and cultural adaptation procedures of the Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination version III (ACE-III) and its predecessors: a systematic review

    The ACE-III, a gold standard for screening cognitive impairment, is restricted by language and culture, with no uniform set of guidelines for its adaptation. To develop guidelines a compilation of all the adap...

    Nadine Mirza, Maria Panagioti, Muhammad Wali Waheed and Waquas Waheed

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:141

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  3. Research article

    Longitudinal studies that use data collected as part of usual care risk reporting biased results: a systematic review

    Longitudinal studies using data collected as part of usual care risk providing biased results if visit times are related to the outcome of interest. Statistical methods for mitigating this bias are available b...

    Delaram Farzanfar, Asmaa Abumuamar, Jayoon Kim, Emily Sirotich, Yue Wang and Eleanor Pullenayegum

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:133

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  4. Research article

    The impact of self-interviews on response patterns for sensitive topics: a randomized trial of electronic delivery methods for a sexual behaviour questionnaire in rural South Africa

    Self-interviews, where the respondent rather than the interviewer enters answers to questions, have been proposed as a way to reduce social desirability bias associated with interviewer-led interviews. Compute...

    Guy Harling, Dumile Gumede, Tinofa Mutevedzi, Nuala McGrath, Janet Seeley, Deenan Pillay, Till W. Bärnighausen and Abraham J. Herbst

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:125

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Applied Swarm-based medicine: collecting decision trees for patterns of algorithms analysis

    The objective consensus methodology has recently been applied in consensus finding in several studies on medical decision-making among clinical experts or guidelines. The main advantages of this method are an ...

    Cédric M. Panje, Markus Glatzer, Joscha von Rappard, Christian Rothermundt, Thomas Hundsberger, Valentin Zumstein, Ludwig Plasswilm and Paul Martin Putora

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:123

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  6. Research article

    Trading certainty for speed - how much uncertainty are decisionmakers and guideline developers willing to accept when using rapid reviews: an international survey

    Decisionmakers and guideline developers demand rapid syntheses of the evidence when time sensitive evidence-informed decisions are required. A potential trade-off of such rapid reviews is that their results ca...

    Gernot Wagner, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Judith Greimel, Agustín Ciapponi and Gerald Gartlehner

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:121

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  7. Research article

    Validity and reliability of a Malay version of the brief illness perception questionnaire for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Illness perceptions involve the personal beliefs that patients have about their illness and may influence health behaviours considerably. Since an instrument to measure these perceptions for Malay population i...

    Boon-How Chew, Rimke C. Vos, Monique Heijmans, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali, Aaron Fernandez and Guy E. H. M. Rutten

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:118

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  8. Research article

    Programme Reporting Standards (PRS) for improving the reporting of sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health programmes

    Information about design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation is central to understand the impact of programmes within the field of sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (S...

    Anna E. Kågesten, Özge Tunçalp, Anayda Portela, Moazzam Ali, Nhan Tran and A. Metin Gülmezoglu

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:117

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  9. Research article

    Integrating data from randomized controlled trials and observational studies to predict the response to pregabalin in patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy

    More patient-specific medical care is expected as more is learned about variations in patient responses to medical treatments. Analytical tools enable insights by linking treatment responses from different typ...

    Joe Alexander, Roger A. Edwards, Alberto Savoldelli, Luigi Manca, Roberto Grugni, Birol Emir, Ed Whalen, Stephen Watt, Marina Brodsky and Bruce Parsons

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:113

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  10. Research article

    A literature review of applied adaptive design methodology within the field of oncology in randomised controlled trials and a proposed extension to the CONSORT guidelines

    The application of adaptive design methodology within a clinical trial setting is becoming increasingly popular. However the application of these methods within trials is not being reported as adaptive designs...

    Pankaj Mistry, Janet A Dunn and Andrea Marshall

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:108

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  11. Debate

    Protocol adherence for continuously titrated interventions in randomized trials: an overview of the current methodology and case study

    The standard definition for protocol adherence is the proportion of all scheduled doses that are delivered. In clinical research, this definition has several limitations when evaluating protocol adherence in t...

    F. Lauzier, N. K. Adhikari, A. Seely, K. K. Y. Koo, E. P. Belley-Côté, K. E. A. Burns, D. J. Cook, F. D’Aragon, B. Rochwerg, M. E. Kho, S. J. W. Oczkowksi, E. H. Duan, M. O. Meade, A. G. Day and F. Lamontagne

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:106

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  12. Research article

    Inter-rater reliability of AMSTAR is dependent on the pair of reviewers

    Inter-rater reliability (IRR) is mainly assessed based on only two reviewers of unknown expertise. The aim of this paper is to examine differences in the IRR of the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMST...

    Dawid Pieper, Anja Jacobs, Beate Weikert, Alba Fishta and Uta Wegewitz

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:98

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  13. Research article

    Data cleaning and management protocols for linked perinatal research data: a good practice example from the Smoking MUMS (Maternal Use of Medications and Safety) Study

    Data cleaning is an important quality assurance in data linkage research studies. This paper presents the data cleaning and preparation process for a large-scale cross-jurisdictional Australian study (the Smok...

    Duong Thuy Tran, Alys Havard and Louisa R. Jorm

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:97

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  14. Research article

    Estimating parameters for probabilistic linkage of privacy-preserved datasets

    Probabilistic record linkage is a process used to bring together person-based records from within the same dataset (de-duplication) or from disparate datasets using pairwise comparisons and matching probabilit...

    Adrian P. Brown, Sean M. Randall, Anna M. Ferrante, James B. Semmens and James H. Boyd

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:95

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  15. Research article

    Barriers to publishing in biomedical journals perceived by a sample of French researchers: results of the DIAzePAM study

    As publishing is essential but competitive for researchers, difficulties in writing and submitting medical articles to biomedical journals are disabling. The DIAzePAM (Difficultés des Auteurs à la Publication d’A...

    Martin Duracinsky, Christophe Lalanne, Laurence Rous, Aichata Fofana Dara, Lesya Baudoin, Claire Pellet, Alexandre Descamps, Fabienne Péretz and Olivier Chassany

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:96

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  16. Research article

    Validity of self-reported weight and height: a cross-sectional study among Malaysian adolescents

    Self-reported weight and height are commonly used in lieu of direct measurements of weight and height in large epidemiological surveys due to inevitable constraints such as budget and human resource. However, ...

    C. C. Kee, K. H. Lim, M. G. Sumarni, C. H. Teh, Y. Y. Chan, M. I. Nuur Hafizah, Y. K. Cheah, E. O. Tee, Y. Ahmad Faudzi and M. Amal Nasir

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:85

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  17. Research article

    Measurement properties of the Danish version of the Awareness and Beliefs about Cancer (ABC) measure

    The International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership aims to study international differences in cancer survival and the possible causes. Participating countries are Australia, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and ...

    Line Hvidberg, Anette Fischer Pedersen, Christian Nielsen Wulff, Anders Helles Carlsen and Peter Vedsted

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:74

    Published on: 26 April 2017

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