Skip to main content

Advertisement

Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Integrated care is an increasingly important principle for organising healthcare. Integrated care models show promise in reducing resource wastage and service fragmentation whilst improving the accessibility, ...

    Authors: Raechel A. Damarell, Suzanne Lewis, Camilla Trenerry and Jennifer J. Tieman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Systematic reviews are a key input to health and social welfare decisions. Studies included in systematic reviews often vary with respect to contextual factors that may impact on how transferable review findin...

    Authors: Heather Munthe-Kaas, Heid Nøkleby, Simon Lewin and Claire Glenton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Randomised trial protocols may incorporate interim analyses, with the potential to stop the study for futility if early data show insufficient promise of a treatment benefit. Previously, we have shown that thi...

    Authors: S. D. Walter, H. Han, G. H. Guyatt, D. Bassler, N. Bhatnagar, V. Gloy, S. Schandelmaier and M. Briel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. The design and execution of measurement in quality improvement (QI) initiatives is often poor. Better guidance on “what good looks like” might help to mitigate some of the problems. We report a consensus-build...

    Authors: Thomas Woodcock, Yewande Adeleke, Christine Goeschel, Peter Pronovost and Mary Dixon-Woods

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Systematic reviews are vital to the pursuit of evidence-based medicine within healthcare. Screening titles and abstracts (T&Ab) for inclusion in a systematic review is an intensive, and often collaborative, st...

    Authors: Hannah Harrison, Simon J. Griffin, Isla Kuhn and Juliet A. Usher-Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. This study examined the criterion validity of the online Active Australia Survey, using accelerometry as the criterion, and whether self-report bias was related to level of activity, age, sex, education, body ...

    Authors: Rachel G. Curtis, Timothy Olds, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Sarah Edney, Jillian Ryan and Carol Maher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Researchers and clinicians use text messages to collect data with the advantage of real time capture when compared with standard data collection methods. This article reviews project setup and management for s...

    Authors: Noa’a Shimoni, Siripanth Nippita and Paula M. Castaño

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  8. Aboriginal people are known to be under-recorded in routinely collected datasets in Australia. This study examined methods for enhancing the reporting of cancer incidence among Aboriginal people using linked d...

    Authors: Hanna E. Tervonen, Stuart Purdie and Nicola Creighton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:245

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Research priority setting with stakeholders can help direct the limited resources for health research toward priority areas of need. Ensuring transparency of the priority setting process can strengthen legitim...

    Authors: Allison Tong, Anneliese Synnot, Sally Crowe, Sophie Hill, Andrea Matus, Nicole Scholes-Robertson, Sandy Oliver, Katherine Cowan, Mona Nasser, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Talia Gutman, Amanda Baumgart and Jonathan C. Craig

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Subsequent to a three-month pilot phase, recruiting patients for the newly established BFCC (Baltic Fracture Competence Centre) transnational fracture registry, a validation of the data quality needed to be ca...

    Authors: Jasper Frese, Annalice Gode, Gerhard Heinrichs, Armin Will and Arndt-Peter Schulz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. All clinical research benefits from transparency and validity. Transparency and validity of studies may increase by prospective registration of protocols and by publication of statistical analysis plans (SAPs)...

    Authors: Bart Hiemstra, Frederik Keus, Jørn Wetterslev, Christian Gluud and Iwan C. C. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:233

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  12. Questionnaires are valuable data collection instruments in public health research, and can serve to pre-screen respondents for suitability in future studies. Survey non-response leads to reduced effective samp...

    Authors: Michael G. Smith, Maryam Witte, Sarah Rocha and Mathias Basner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Exercise is an effective therapeutic intervention for cancer survivors. Concerns about the completeness of reporting of exercise interventions have been raised in the literature, but without any formal analysi...

    Authors: Jose Francisco Meneses-Echavez, Indira Rodriguez-Prieto, Mark Elkins, Javier Martínez-Torres, Lien Nguyen and Julia Bidonde

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Within qualitative research in-person interviews have the reputation for being the highest standard of interviewer-participant encounter. However, there are other approaches to interviewing such as telephone a...

    Authors: Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Many population health surveys consist of a mixed-mode design that includes a face-to-face (F2F) interview followed by a paper-and-pencil (P&P) self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) for the sensitive topics. I...

    Authors: Elise Braekman, Sabine Drieskens, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Finaba Berete, Lydia Gisle, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden and Guido Van Hal

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Engaging those who influence, administer and/or who are active users (“knowledge users”) of health care systems, as co-producers of health research, can help to ensure that research products will better addres...

    Authors: Janet E. Jull, Laurie Davidson, Rachel Dungan, Tram Nguyen, Krista P. Woodward and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Clinical quality registries and other systems that conduct routine post-discharge surveillance of patient outcomes following surgery may have difficulty surveying patients who have limited proficiency in the l...

    Authors: Daniel Xue, Timothy Churches, Elizabeth Armstrong, Rajat Mittal, Justine Maree Naylor and Ian Andrew Harris

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Longitudinal research has demonstrated that experiences of abuse and adversity are not consistently reported over time; however, there is a paucity of available evidence regarding the consistency of reporting ...

    Authors: Deborah Loxton, Jennifer Powers, Natalie Townsend, Melissa L. Harris and Peta Forder

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Recruitment to health research remains a major challenge. Innovation is required to meet policy commitments to help patients take part in health research. One innovation that may help meet those policy goals i...

    Authors: Katherine Grady, Martin Gibson and Peter Bower

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  20. Locally produced generic drugs offer a cost–effective alternative to imported drugs to treat patients in Ethiopia. However, due to a lack of bioequivalence testing, additional assurance tests are needed to bui...

    Authors: Chalachew Alemayehu, Geoff Mitchell, Jane Nikles, Abraham Aseffa and Alexandra Clavarino

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Several literature reviews have been published focusing on the prevalence and/or preventability of hospital readmissions. To our knowledge, none focused on the different causes which have been used to evaluate...

    Authors: R. G. Singotani, F. Karapinar, C. Brouwers, C. Wagner and M. C. de Bruijne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:189

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:214

  22. The Pain Medication Questionnaire (PMQ) assesses the risk of opioid abuse in people with non-oncological chronic pain.

    Authors: Sheila Raposo Galindo, Manoel Henrique da Nóbrega Marinho, Robert J. Gatchel, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva, Eduardo Henrique Soares Viana, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos and Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. This article describes a bibliometric review of the scientific production, geographical distribution, collaboration, impact, and subject area focus of pneumonia research indexed on the Web of Science over a 15...

    Authors: José M. Ramos-Rincón, Héctor Pinargote-Celorio, Isabel Belinchón-Romero and Gregorio González-Alcaide

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Loneliness and social isolation are major determinants of mental wellbeing, especially among older adults. The effectiveness of interventions to address loneliness and social isolation among older adults has b...

    Authors: Janet Ige, Lynn Gibbons, Issy Bray and Selena Gray

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The use of systematic review methods are widely recognized to be essential in the development of recommendations in clinical practice guidelines to prove their trustworthiness. The objective of this study was ...

    Authors: Chiara Trevisiol, Michela Cinquini, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Massimo Gion and Anne W. S. Rutjes

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Current methods for assessing strength of evidence prioritize the contributions of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The objective of this study was to characterize strength of evidence (SOE) tools in recen...

    Authors: D. L. Katz, M. C. Karlsen, M. Chung, M. M. Shams-White, L. W. Green, J. Fielding, A. Saito and W. Willett

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The use of real-world data to generate evidence requires careful assessment and validation of critical variables before drawing clinical conclusions. Prospective clinical trial data suggest that anatomic origi...

    Authors: Patricia Luhn, Deborah Kuk, Gillis Carrigan, Nathan Nussbaum, Rachael Sorg, Rebecca Rohrer, Melisa G. Tucker, Brandon Arnieri, Michael D. Taylor and Neal J. Meropol

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Research reporting guidelines are increasingly commonplace and shown to improve the quality of published health research and health outcomes. Despite severe health inequities among Indigenous Peoples and the p...

    Authors: Tania Huria, Suetonia C. Palmer, Suzanne Pitama, Lutz Beckert, Cameron Lacey, Shaun Ewen and Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Hospitals are common recruitment sites for injury and disability studies. However, the clinical and rehabilitation environment can create unique challenges for researchers to recruit participant populations. W...

    Authors: Michelle S. Fitts, Taeha Condon, John Gilroy, Katrina Bird, Erica Bleakley, Lauren Matheson, Jennifer Fleming, Alan R. Clough, Adrian Esterman, Paul Maruff and India Bohanna

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:172

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Participants in voluntary research present a different demographic profile than those who choose not to participate, affecting the generalizability of many studies. Efforts to evaluate these differences have f...

    Authors: Simone Dahrouge, Catherine Deri Armstrong, William Hogg, Jatinderpreet Singh and Clare Liddy

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Assessing the risk of bias (RoB) in included studies is one of the key methodological aspects of systematic reviews. Cochrane systematic reviews appraise RoB of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with the Coc...

    Authors: Ognjen Barcot, Matija Boric, Tina Poklepovic Pericic, Marija Cavar, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Ivana Vuka and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Statistics are frequently used in health advocacy to attract attention, but are often misinterpreted. The Figure Interpretation Assessment Tool–Health (FIAT-Health) 1.0 was developed to support systematic asse...

    Authors: Reinie G. Gerrits, Niek S. Klazinga, Michael J. van den Berg and Dionne S. Kringos

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. The identification of sections in narrative content of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has demonstrated to improve the performance of clinical extraction tasks; however, there is not yet a shared understanding...

    Authors: Alexandra Pomares-Quimbaya, Markus Kreuzthaler and Stefan Schulz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. In low-income countries, studies demonstrate greater access and utilization of maternal and neonatal health services, yet mortality rates remain high with poor quality increasingly scrutinized as a potential p...

    Authors: Danielle Wilhelm, Julia Lohmann, Manuela De Allegri, Jobiba Chinkhumba, Adamson S. Muula and Stephan Brenner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature on the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and influenza immunization and to examine how certain measures of SES may influence i...

    Authors: Kelsey Lucyk, Kimberley A. Simmonds, Diane L. Lorenzetti, Steven J. Drews, Lawrence W. Svenson and Margaret L. Russell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Improving response rates in epidemiologic studies is important for the generalizability of the outcome. The aim of this study was to examine whether it can be advantageous for participation to target different...

    Authors: Anne Illemann Christensen, Peter Lynn and Janne Schurmann Tolstrup

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. There is an increasing number of published systematic reviews (SR) of dose-response meta-analyses (DRMAs) over the past decades. However, the quality of abstract reporting of these SR-DRMAs remains to be under...

    Authors: Peng-Li Jia, Bin Xu, Jing-Min Cheng, Xi-Hao Huang, Joey S. W. Kwong, Yu Liu, Chao Zhang, Ying Han and Chang Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. To reliably evaluate the acceptance and use of computer-based prostate cancer decision aids (CBDAs) for African-American men, culturally relevant measures are needed. This study describes the development and i...

    Authors: Otis L. Owens, Nikki R. Wooten and Abbas S. Tavakoli

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The multicriteria decision method (MCDM) aims to find conflicts among alternatives by comparing and evaluating them according to various criteria to reach the best compromise solution. The evaluation of a new ...

    Authors: Giovanni Improta, Antonietta Perrone, Mario Alessandro Russo and Maria Triassi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Information exchange between physician and patient is crucial to achieve patient involvement, shared decision making and treatment adherence. No reliable method exists for measuring how much information physic...

    Authors: J. M. Nordfalk, P. Gulbrandsen, J. Gerwing, M. Nylenna and J. Menichetti

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Monetary incentive is often used to increase response rate in smokers’ survey, but such effect of prepaid and promised incentives in a follow-up survey is unknown. We compared the effect of different incentive...

    Authors: Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Xue Weng, Man Ping Wang, Sai Yin Ho, Antonio Cho Shing Kwong, Vienna Wai Yin Lai and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard when evaluating the causal effects of healthcare interventions. When RCTs cannot be used (e.g. ethically difficult), the interrupted time se...

    Authors: Jemma Hudson, Shona Fielding and Craig R. Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. In theory, efficient design of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involves randomization algorithms that control baseline variable imbalance efficiently, and corresponding analysis involves pre-specified adju...

    Authors: Jody D. Ciolino, Hannah L. Palac, Amy Yang, Mireya Vaca and Hayley M. Belli

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Participation in epidemiologic studies is steadily declining, which may result in selection bias. It is therefore an ongoing challenge to clarify the determinants of participation to judge possible selection e...

    Authors: Cornelia Enzenbach, Barbara Wicklein, Kerstin Wirkner and Markus Loeffler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Clinical guidelines produced in developed nations may not be appropriate in resource-constrained environments, due to differences in cultural, societal, economic and policy contexts. The purpose of this articl...

    Authors: D. V. Ernstzen, S. L. Hillier and Q. A. Louw

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Stringent requirements exist regarding the transparency of the study selection process and the reliability of results. A 2-step selection process is generally recommended; this is conducted by 2 reviewers inde...

    Authors: Siw Waffenschmidt, Marco Knelangen, Wiebke Sieben, Stefanie Bühn and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. A large number of articles examined the preventability rate of readmissions, but comparison and interpretability of these preventability rates is complicated due to the large heterogeneity of methods that were...

    Authors: Eva-Linda Kneepkens, Corline Brouwers, Richelle Glory Singotani, Martine C. de Bruijne and Fatma Karapinar-Çarkit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted to explore the utility of the Mechanical Turk (MTurk) crowdsourcing platform to conduct rapid trials evaluating online interventions for unhealthy alcohol...

    Authors: John A. Cunningham, Alexandra Godinho and Nicolas Bertholet

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: