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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    Research reporting guidelines are increasingly commonplace and shown to improve the quality of published health research and health outcomes. Despite severe health inequities among Indigenous Peoples and the p...

    Authors: Tania Huria, Suetonia C. Palmer, Suzanne Pitama, Lutz Beckert, Cameron Lacey, Shaun Ewen and Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:173

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Hospitals are common recruitment sites for injury and disability studies. However, the clinical and rehabilitation environment can create unique challenges for researchers to recruit participant populations. W...

    Authors: Michelle S. Fitts, Taeha Condon, John Gilroy, Katrina Bird, Erica Bleakley, Lauren Matheson, Jennifer Fleming, Alan R. Clough, Adrian Esterman, Paul Maruff and India Bohanna

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:172

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Participants in voluntary research present a different demographic profile than those who choose not to participate, affecting the generalizability of many studies. Efforts to evaluate these differences have f...

    Authors: Simone Dahrouge, Catherine Deri Armstrong, William Hogg, Jatinderpreet Singh and Clare Liddy

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:171

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Assessing the risk of bias (RoB) in included studies is one of the key methodological aspects of systematic reviews. Cochrane systematic reviews appraise RoB of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with the Coc...

    Authors: Ognjen Barcot, Matija Boric, Tina Poklepovic Pericic, Marija Cavar, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Ivana Vuka and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:170

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Statistics are frequently used in health advocacy to attract attention, but are often misinterpreted. The Figure Interpretation Assessment Tool–Health (FIAT-Health) 1.0 was developed to support systematic asse...

    Authors: Reinie G. Gerrits, Niek S. Klazinga, Michael J. van den Berg and Dionne S. Kringos

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:160

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The identification of sections in narrative content of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has demonstrated to improve the performance of clinical extraction tasks; however, there is not yet a shared understanding...

    Authors: Alexandra Pomares-Quimbaya, Markus Kreuzthaler and Stefan Schulz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:155

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In low-income countries, studies demonstrate greater access and utilization of maternal and neonatal health services, yet mortality rates remain high with poor quality increasingly scrutinized as a potential p...

    Authors: Danielle Wilhelm, Julia Lohmann, Manuela De Allegri, Jobiba Chinkhumba, Adamson S. Muula and Stephan Brenner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:154

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature on the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and influenza immunization and to examine how certain measures of SES may influence i...

    Authors: Kelsey Lucyk, Kimberley A. Simmonds, Diane L. Lorenzetti, Steven J. Drews, Lawrence W. Svenson and Margaret L. Russell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:153

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Improving response rates in epidemiologic studies is important for the generalizability of the outcome. The aim of this study was to examine whether it can be advantageous for participation to target different...

    Authors: Anne Illemann Christensen, Peter Lynn and Janne Schurmann Tolstrup

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:151

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  10. Content type: Research article

    There is an increasing number of published systematic reviews (SR) of dose-response meta-analyses (DRMAs) over the past decades. However, the quality of abstract reporting of these SR-DRMAs remains to be under...

    Authors: Peng-Li Jia, Bin Xu, Jing-Min Cheng, Xi-Hao Huang, Joey S. W. Kwong, Yu Liu, Chao Zhang, Ying Han and Chang Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:148

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To reliably evaluate the acceptance and use of computer-based prostate cancer decision aids (CBDAs) for African-American men, culturally relevant measures are needed. This study describes the development and i...

    Authors: Otis L. Owens, Nikki R. Wooten and Abbas S. Tavakoli

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:146

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The multicriteria decision method (MCDM) aims to find conflicts among alternatives by comparing and evaluating them according to various criteria to reach the best compromise solution. The evaluation of a new ...

    Authors: Giovanni Improta, Antonietta Perrone, Mario Alessandro Russo and Maria Triassi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:140

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Information exchange between physician and patient is crucial to achieve patient involvement, shared decision making and treatment adherence. No reliable method exists for measuring how much information physic...

    Authors: J. M. Nordfalk, P. Gulbrandsen, J. Gerwing, M. Nylenna and J. Menichetti

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:139

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Monetary incentive is often used to increase response rate in smokers’ survey, but such effect of prepaid and promised incentives in a follow-up survey is unknown. We compared the effect of different incentive...

    Authors: Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Xue Weng, Man Ping Wang, Sai Yin Ho, Antonio Cho Shing Kwong, Vienna Wai Yin Lai and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:138

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard when evaluating the causal effects of healthcare interventions. When RCTs cannot be used (e.g. ethically difficult), the interrupted time se...

    Authors: Jemma Hudson, Shona Fielding and Craig R. Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:137

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In theory, efficient design of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involves randomization algorithms that control baseline variable imbalance efficiently, and corresponding analysis involves pre-specified adju...

    Authors: Jody D. Ciolino, Hannah L. Palac, Amy Yang, Mireya Vaca and Hayley M. Belli

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:136

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Participation in epidemiologic studies is steadily declining, which may result in selection bias. It is therefore an ongoing challenge to clarify the determinants of participation to judge possible selection e...

    Authors: Cornelia Enzenbach, Barbara Wicklein, Kerstin Wirkner and Markus Loeffler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:135

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinical guidelines produced in developed nations may not be appropriate in resource-constrained environments, due to differences in cultural, societal, economic and policy contexts. The purpose of this articl...

    Authors: D. V. Ernstzen, S. L. Hillier and Q. A. Louw

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:134

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Stringent requirements exist regarding the transparency of the study selection process and the reliability of results. A 2-step selection process is generally recommended; this is conducted by 2 reviewers inde...

    Authors: Siw Waffenschmidt, Marco Knelangen, Wiebke Sieben, Stefanie Bühn and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:132

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  20. Content type: Research article

    A large number of articles examined the preventability rate of readmissions, but comparison and interpretability of these preventability rates is complicated due to the large heterogeneity of methods that were...

    Authors: Eva-Linda Kneepkens, Corline Brouwers, Richelle Glory Singotani, Martine C. de Bruijne and Fatma Karapinar-Çarkit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:128

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted to explore the utility of the Mechanical Turk (MTurk) crowdsourcing platform to conduct rapid trials evaluating online interventions for unhealthy alcohol...

    Authors: John A. Cunningham, Alexandra Godinho and Nicolas Bertholet

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:124

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Small group research in healthcare is important because it deals with interaction and decision-making processes that can help to identify and improve safer patient treatment and care. However, the number of st...

    Authors: Lisa Aufegger, Colin Bicknell, Emma Soane, Hutan Ashrafian and Ara Darzi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:121

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Health researchers often use survey studies to examine associations between risk factors at one time point and health outcomes later in life. Previous studies have shown that missing not at random (MNAR) may p...

    Authors: Kristin Gustavson, Espen Røysamb and Ingrid Borren

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:120

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  24. Content type: Research article

    We determined whether it is feasible to identify important changes in care management resulting from cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients who activate the primary percutaneous coronary intervent...

    Authors: Maria Pufulete, Jessica Harris, Stephen Dorman, Lynn Cook, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, John Greenwood, Richard Anderson, Rachel Brierley and Barnaby C. Reeves

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:116

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Qualitative evidence synthesis is increasingly used alongside reviews of effectiveness to inform guidelines and other decisions. To support this use, the GRADE-CERQual approach was developed to assess and comm...

    Authors: Heather Menzies Munthe-Kaas, Claire Glenton, Andrew Booth, Jane Noyes and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:113

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  26. Content type: Research article

    From 2005 to 2010, we conducted 2 randomized studies on a journal (Medicina Clínica), where we took manuscripts received for publication and randomly assigned them to either the standard editorial process or t...

    Authors: Marta Vilaró, Jordi Cortés, Albert Selva-O’Callaghan, Agustín Urrutia, Josep-Maria Ribera, Francesc Cardellach, Xavier Basagaña, Matthew Elmore, Miquel Vilardell, Douglas Altman, José-Antonio González and Erik Cobo

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:112

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In this paper we discuss the emergence of many different methods for doing a literature review. Referring back to the early days, when there were essentially two types of review; a Cochrane systematic review a...

    Authors: Helen Aveyard and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:105

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Most clinical trials with time-to-event primary outcomes are designed assuming constant event rates and proportional hazards over time. Non-constant event rates and non-proportional hazards are seen increasing...

    Authors: Kim Jachno, Stephane Heritier and Rory Wolfe

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:103

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Large and complex studies are now routine, and quality assurance and quality control (QC) procedures ensure reliable results and conclusions. Standard procedures may comprise manual verification and double ent...

    Authors: Kelly M. Sunderland, Derek Beaton, Julia Fraser, Donna Kwan, Paula M. McLaughlin, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Alicia J. Peltsch, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Demetrios J. Sahlas, Richard H. Swartz, Stephen C. Strother and Malcolm A. Binns

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:102

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A dataset is indispensable to answer the research questions of clinical research studies. Inaccurate data lead to ambiguous results, and the removal of errors results in increased cost. The aim of this Quality...

    Authors: Naila A. Shaheen, Bipin Manezhi, Abin Thomas and Mohammed AlKelya

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:98

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Poor medication adherence is a major factor in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and contributes to increased morbidity, mortality, and costs. Interventions for improving medication adh...

    Authors: A. Sieben, S. J. H. Bredie, J. C. H. B. M. Luijten, C. J. H. M. van Laarhoven, S. van Dulmen and H. A. W. van Onzenoort

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:95

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  32. Content type: Database

    To study patient physiology throughout a period of acute hospitalization, we sought to create accessible, standardized nationwide data at the level of the individual patient-facility-day. This methodology pape...

    Authors: Xiao Qing Wang, Brenda M. Vincent, Wyndy L. Wiitala, Kaitlyn A. Luginbill, Elizabeth M. Viglianti, Hallie C. Prescott and Theodore J. Iwashyna

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:94

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the agreement between patient-reported chronic diseases and hospital administrative records in hip or knee arthroplasty patients in England.

    Authors: Bélène Podmore, Andrew Hutchings, Sujith Konan and Jan van der Meulen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:87

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Measuring body mass index (BMI) has been proposed as a method of screening for preventive primary care and population surveillance of childhood obesity. However, the accuracy of routinely collected measurement...

    Authors: Sarah Carsley, Patricia C. Parkin, Karen Tu, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Nav Persaud, Jonathon L. Maguire and Catherine S. Birken

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:84

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and child health are internationally considered to be among the best measures for assessing health-care quality. The study was carried out with the following aims: 1) to assess the quality of perinata...

    Authors: Claudia Pileggi, Lorena Squillace, Mariavalentina Giordano, Rosa Papadopoli, Aida Bianco and Maria Pavia

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:83

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  36. Content type: Research article

    There have been calls for greater consideration of applicability and transferability in systematic reviews, to improve their usefulness in informing policy and practice. Understanding how evidence is, or is no...

    Authors: Susan Baxter, Maxine Johnson, Duncan Chambers, Anthea Sutton, Elizabeth Goyder and Andrew Booth

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:80

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  37. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence of protocol registration (or development) among published dose-response meta-analyses (DRMAs), and whether DRMAs with a protocol are better than those not.

    Authors: Chang Xu, Liang-Liang Cheng, Yu Liu, Peng-Li Jia, Ming-Yue Gao and Chao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:78

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Clinical decisions are made based on Cochrane reviews, but the implementation of results of evidence syntheses such as Cochrane reviews is problematic if the evidence is not prepared consistently. All systemat...

    Authors: Andrija Babic, Andela Pijuk, Lucie Brázdilová, Yuliyana Georgieva, Marco António Raposo Pereira, Tina Poklepovic Pericic and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:77

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Accelerometers are widely used to measure sedentary time and daily physical activity (PA). However, data collection and processing criteria, such as non-wear time rules might affect the assessment of total PA ...

    Authors: Jérémy Vanhelst, Florian Vidal, Elodie Drumez, Laurent Béghin, Jean-Benoît Baudelet, Stéphanie Coopman and Frédéric Gottrand

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:72

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Rare diseases are a global public health priority. Though each disease is rare, when taken together the thousands of known rare diseases cause significant morbidity and mortality, impact quality of life, and c...

    Authors: Menaka Pai, Cindy H. T. Yeung, Elie A. Akl, Andrea Darzi, Christopher Hillis, Kimberly Legault, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Nancy Santesso, Domenica Taruscio, Madeleine Verhovsek, Holger J. Schünemann and Alfonso Iorio

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:67

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Navigating the world of qualitative thematic analysis can be challenging. This is compounded by the fact that detailed descriptions of methods are often omitted from qualitative discussions. While qualitative ...

    Authors: Kate Roberts, Anthony Dowell and Jing-Bao Nie

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:66

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Continuity of cardiac care after hospital discharge is a priority, especially as healthcare systems become increasingly complex and fragmented. There are few available instruments to measure continuity of card...

    Authors: Irene Valaker, Bengt Fridlund, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Heather Hadjistavropoulos, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Svein Rotevatn, Maj-Britt Råholm and Tone M. Norekvål

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:62

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Interviewers can substantially affect self-reported data. This may be due to random variation in interviewers’ ability to put respondents at ease or in how they frame questions. It may also be due to systemati...

    Authors: Guy Harling, Michael M. Chanda, Katrina F. Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Leah G. Barresi, Till Bärnighausen and Catherine E. Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:60

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation of complex interventions should include a process evaluation to give evaluators, researchers, and policy makers greater confidence in the outcomes reported from RCTs. Implementation fidelity can be ...

    Authors: Line Kildal Bragstad, Berit Arnesveen Bronken, Unni Sveen, Ellen Gabrielsen Hjelle, Gabriele Kitzmüller, Randi Martinsen, Kari J. Kvigne, Margrete Mangset and Marit Kirkevold

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:59

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The availability of clinical and therapeutic data drawn from medical records and administrative databases has entailed new opportunities for clinical and epidemiologic research. However, these databases presen...

    Authors: Guillermo Prada-Ramallal, Bahi Takkouche and Adolfo Figueiras

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:53

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI) is a single-item measure of functional decline, it is widely used in Europe but it has never been validated in an Asian population. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Ru-Ling Hsiao, Chih-Hsun Wu, Che-Wei Hsu, Yasuhiko Saito and Yu-Hsuan Lin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:52

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  47. Content type: Research article

    A strong need exists for a validated tool that clearly defines peer review report quality in biomedical research, as it will allow evaluating interventions aimed at improving the peer review process in well-pe...

    Authors: Cecilia Superchi, José Antonio González, Ivan Solà, Erik Cobo, Darko Hren and Isabelle Boutron

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:48

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Studies find that identifying additional study data is possible by contacting study authors or experts. What is less certain is the time taken, costs involved and value found by using this supplementary search...

    Authors: Chris Cooper, Juan Talens Bou and Jo Varley-Campbell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:45

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life (QoL) is an established outcome measure of substance use disorder treatment. The WHOQOL-BREF is the gold standard tool, but its appropriateness for particularly vulnerable patient populations m...

    Authors: Ashley Elizabeth Muller, Svetlana Skurtveit and Thomas Clausen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:44

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