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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    There have been calls for greater consideration of applicability and transferability in systematic reviews, to improve their usefulness in informing policy and practice. Understanding how evidence is, or is no...

    Authors: Susan Baxter, Maxine Johnson, Duncan Chambers, Anthea Sutton, Elizabeth Goyder and Andrew Booth

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:80

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence of protocol registration (or development) among published dose-response meta-analyses (DRMAs), and whether DRMAs with a protocol are better than those not.

    Authors: Chang Xu, Liang-Liang Cheng, Yu Liu, Peng-Li Jia, Ming-Yue Gao and Chao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:78

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Clinical decisions are made based on Cochrane reviews, but the implementation of results of evidence syntheses such as Cochrane reviews is problematic if the evidence is not prepared consistently. All systemat...

    Authors: Andrija Babic, Andela Pijuk, Lucie Brázdilová, Yuliyana Georgieva, Marco António Raposo Pereira, Tina Poklepovic Pericic and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:77

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Accelerometers are widely used to measure sedentary time and daily physical activity (PA). However, data collection and processing criteria, such as non-wear time rules might affect the assessment of total PA ...

    Authors: Jérémy Vanhelst, Florian Vidal, Elodie Drumez, Laurent Béghin, Jean-Benoît Baudelet, Stéphanie Coopman and Frédéric Gottrand

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:72

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Rare diseases are a global public health priority. Though each disease is rare, when taken together the thousands of known rare diseases cause significant morbidity and mortality, impact quality of life, and c...

    Authors: Menaka Pai, Cindy H. T. Yeung, Elie A. Akl, Andrea Darzi, Christopher Hillis, Kimberly Legault, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Nancy Santesso, Domenica Taruscio, Madeleine Verhovsek, Holger J. Schünemann and Alfonso Iorio

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:67

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Navigating the world of qualitative thematic analysis can be challenging. This is compounded by the fact that detailed descriptions of methods are often omitted from qualitative discussions. While qualitative ...

    Authors: Kate Roberts, Anthony Dowell and Jing-Bao Nie

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:66

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Continuity of cardiac care after hospital discharge is a priority, especially as healthcare systems become increasingly complex and fragmented. There are few available instruments to measure continuity of card...

    Authors: Irene Valaker, Bengt Fridlund, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Heather Hadjistavropoulos, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Svein Rotevatn, Maj-Britt Råholm and Tone M. Norekvål

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:62

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Interviewers can substantially affect self-reported data. This may be due to random variation in interviewers’ ability to put respondents at ease or in how they frame questions. It may also be due to systemati...

    Authors: Guy Harling, Michael M. Chanda, Katrina F. Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Leah G. Barresi, Till Bärnighausen and Catherine E. Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:60

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation of complex interventions should include a process evaluation to give evaluators, researchers, and policy makers greater confidence in the outcomes reported from RCTs. Implementation fidelity can be ...

    Authors: Line Kildal Bragstad, Berit Arnesveen Bronken, Unni Sveen, Ellen Gabrielsen Hjelle, Gabriele Kitzmüller, Randi Martinsen, Kari J. Kvigne, Margrete Mangset and Marit Kirkevold

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:59

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The availability of clinical and therapeutic data drawn from medical records and administrative databases has entailed new opportunities for clinical and epidemiologic research. However, these databases presen...

    Authors: Guillermo Prada-Ramallal, Bahi Takkouche and Adolfo Figueiras

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:53

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI) is a single-item measure of functional decline, it is widely used in Europe but it has never been validated in an Asian population. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Ru-Ling Hsiao, Chih-Hsun Wu, Che-Wei Hsu, Yasuhiko Saito and Yu-Hsuan Lin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:52

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  12. Content type: Research article

    A strong need exists for a validated tool that clearly defines peer review report quality in biomedical research, as it will allow evaluating interventions aimed at improving the peer review process in well-pe...

    Authors: Cecilia Superchi, José Antonio González, Ivan Solà, Erik Cobo, Darko Hren and Isabelle Boutron

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:48

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Studies find that identifying additional study data is possible by contacting study authors or experts. What is less certain is the time taken, costs involved and value found by using this supplementary search...

    Authors: Chris Cooper, Juan Talens Bou and Jo Varley-Campbell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:45

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life (QoL) is an established outcome measure of substance use disorder treatment. The WHOQOL-BREF is the gold standard tool, but its appropriateness for particularly vulnerable patient populations m...

    Authors: Ashley Elizabeth Muller, Svetlana Skurtveit and Thomas Clausen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:44

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  15. Content type: Research article

    This systematic review examined the methodological quality of studies and assessed the psychometric qualities of interview-administered Past-week and Usual-week Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQs). Pubmed ...

    Authors: Kenji Doma, Renée Speyer, Lauren Alese Parsons and Reinie Cordier

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:43

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Recruitment and retention are two significant barriers in research, particularly for historically underrepresented groups, including racial and ethnic minorities, patients who are low-income, or people with su...

    Authors: Beatrice Huang, Denise De Vore, Chris Chirinos, Jessica Wolf, Devon Low, Rachel Willard-Grace, Stephanie Tsao, Chris Garvey, Doranne Donesky, George Su and David H. Thom

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:39

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Decision making in health and social care requires robust syntheses of both quantitative and qualitative evidence. Meta-ethnography is a seven-phase methodology for synthesising qualitative studies. Developed ...

    Authors: Emma F. France, Isabelle Uny, Nicola Ring, Ruth L. Turley, Margaret Maxwell, Edward A. S. Duncan, Ruth G. Jepson, Rachel J. Roberts and Jane Noyes

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:35

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Public and patient involvement is a routine element of health services research methods to produce better designed and reported studies. Although co-production is recommended when involving people in research,...

    Authors: Bridie Angela Evans, Alison Porter, Helen Snooks and Vanessa Burholt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:34

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Reporting quality of systematic reviews’ (SRs) abstracts is important because this is often the only information about a study that readers have. The aim of this study was to assess adherence of SR abstracts i...

    Authors: Katarina Maticic, Marina Krnic Martinic and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:32

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Spiritual care is defined as recognizing and responding to the needs of the human spirit when the individual is facing trauma, illness, or sadness. Providing spiritual care is one of the core aspects of holist...

    Authors: Yanli Hu, Lay Hwa Tiew and Fan Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:21

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Patient reported outcomes are increasingly used to assess the success of surgical procedures. Patient reported complications are often included as an outcome. However, these data must be validated to be accura...

    Authors: Sung Mu Heo, Justine M. Naylor, Ian A. Harris and Timothy R. Churches

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:15

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Stepped-wedge cluster randomised trials (SW-CRTs) are a pragmatic trial design, providing an unprecedented opportunity to increase the robustness of evidence underpinning implementation and quality improvement...

    Authors: Caroline A. Kristunas, Karla Hemming, Helen Eborall, Sandra Eldridge and Laura J. Gray

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:12

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  23. Content type: Debate

    Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are generally regarded as the “gold standard” for providing quantifiable evidence around the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of new healthcare technologies. In order to...

    Authors: Matthew Franklin and Joanna Thorn

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:8

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Norwegian Tonsil Surgery Register (NTSR) was launched in January 2017. The purpose of the register is to present data on tonsil surgery to facilitate improvements in patient care. Data used for evaluating ...

    Authors: Siri Wennberg, Lasse A. Karlsen, Joacim Stalfors, Mette Bratt and Vegard Bugten

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Exploring factors associated with retention in randomised trials provides insight into potential threats to internal and external study validity, and may inform the development of interventions to increase ret...

    Authors: Alexandra P. Metse, Nur Ashikin Noor Hizam, John Wiggers, Paula Wye and Jenny A. Bowman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:177

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this report is to evaluate the quality of data sources used to study cough and cold medication (CCM) safety in children via the Pediatric Cough and Cold Safety Surveillance System.

    Authors: Jody L. Green, Kate M. Reynolds, William Banner, G. Randall Bond, Ralph E. Kauffman, Robert B. Palmer, Ian M. Paul and Richard C. Dart

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:175

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide the highest level of scientific evidence, but successful participant recruitment is critical to ensure the external and internal validity of results. This study desc...

    Authors: Rachel L. Duckham, Jamie L. Tait, Caryl A. Nowson, Kerrie M. Sanders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Keith D. Hill and Robin M. Daly

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:173

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Clinical trials are an essential part of evidence-based medicine. Hence, to ensure transparency and accountability in these clinical trials, policies for registration have been framed with emphasis on mandator...

    Authors: Victoria J. Serpas, Kanwal P. Raghav, Daniel M. Halperin, James Yao and Michael J. Overman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:169

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) is an important cause of disability and economic cost worldwide. There is a need for effective preventative and management strategies. Emerging studies measure a variety of outcomes re...

    Authors: Francesca Wuytack, Annelie Gutke, Britt Stuge, Siv Mørkved, Christina Olsson, Hilde Stendal Robinson, Nina K. Vøllestad, Birgitta Öberg, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Juan Jose Saldaña Mena and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:158

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A number of conceptual frameworks for patient and public involvement (PPI) in research have been published in recent years. Although some are based on empirical research and/or existing theory, in many cases t...

    Authors: David Evans, Noreen Hopewell-Kelly, Michele Kok and Jo White

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:116

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Research waste is estimated to be very common, but assessments of its prevalence and scope are rare. As an example, we assessed research waste in clinical research on calcium intake (assessing study design and...

    Authors: Mark J. Bolland, Alison Avenell and Andrew Grey

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:103

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Research waste can occur when trials are conducted in the wrong populations. Vitamin D deficient populations are most likely to benefit from vitamin D supplementation. We investigated waste attributable to ran...

    Authors: Mark J. Bolland, Andrew Grey and Alison Avenell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:101

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  33. Content type: Research article

    We are witnessing an exponential increase in the number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported from mainland China. The increase is particularly notable in the field of new generation antidepressants ...

    Authors: Zheng Tong, Fangzhou Li, Yusuke Ogawa, Norio Watanabe and Toshi A. Furukawa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:96

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to compare three data collection methods for the measurement of parent experiences with hospital outpatient care for child and adolescent diabetes, based on a randomised nationa...

    Authors: Oyvind Bjertnaes, Hilde Hestad Iversen and Torild Skrivarhaug

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:95

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Financial rewards have been shown to be an important motivator to include normal healthy volunteers in trials. Less emphasis has been put on non-healthy volunteers. No previous study has investigated the impac...

    Authors: Dawid Pieper, Nina Kotte and Peggy Ober

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:86

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  36. Content type: Debate

    Systematic literature searching is recognised as a critical component of the systematic review process. It involves a systematic search for studies and aims for a transparent report of study identification, le...

    Authors: Chris Cooper, Andrew Booth, Jo Varley-Campbell, Nicky Britten and Ruth Garside

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:85

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The lack of suitable and reliable scales to measure self-reported health and health behaviour among people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is an important methodological challenge in health research. This ...

    Authors: Kristel Vlot-van Anrooij, Hilde Tobi, Thessa I. M. Hilgenkamp, Geraline L. Leusink and Jenneken Naaldenberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:80

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Records pertaining to individuals whose identity cannot be verified with legal documentation may contain errors, or be incorrect by intention of the individual. Probabilistic data linkage, especially in vulner...

    Authors: Holly Tibble, Hsei Di Law, Matthew J. Spittal, Rosemary Karmel, Rohan Borschmann, Katie Hail-Jares, Laura A. Thomas and Stuart A. Kinner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:76

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common condition with many unmet clinical needs. Pooled analysis of studies is an important tool for advancing medical understanding. This process starts with a syst...

    Authors: Benjamin M. Davies, Samuel Goh, Keonwoo Yi, Isla Kuhn and Mark R. N. Kotter

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:73

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Limited translational success in critical care medicine is thought to be in part due to inadequate methodology, study design, and reporting in preclinical studies. The purpose of this study was to compare repo...

    Authors: Justin S. Merkow, Janine M. Hoerauf, Angela F. Moss, Jason Brainard, Lena M. Mayes, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Susan K. Mikulich-Gilbertson and Karsten Bartels

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:71

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A thorough evaluation of the adequacy of clinical practice in a designated health care setting and temporal context is key for clinical care improvement. This study aimed to perform a clinical audit of primary...

    Authors: María Abad-Arranz, Ana Moran-Rodríguez, Enrique Mascarós Balaguer, Carmen Quintana Velasco, Laura Abad Polo, Sara Núñez Palomo, Jaime Gonzálvez Rey, Ana María Fernández Vargas, Antonio Hidalgo Requena, Jose Manuel Helguera Quevedo, Marina García Pardo and Jose Luis Lopez-Campos

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:68

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Web-based surveys have become increasingly popular but response rates are low and may be prone to selection bias. How people are invited to participate may impact response rates and needs further study as prev...

    Authors: Xiaochen Tai, Alanna M. Smith, Allison J. McGeer, Eve Dubé, Dorothy Linn Holness, Kevin Katz, Linda McGillis Hall, Shelly A. McNeil, Jeff Powis and Brenda L. Coleman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:59

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool is widely used for investigating the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SR). Originally, AMSTAR was developed for SRs of randomized contro...

    Authors: Dawid Pieper, Nadja Koensgen, Jessica Breuing, Long Ge and Uta Wegewitz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:56

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  44. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate participant-related variables associated with missing assessment(s) at follow-up visits during a longitudinal research study.

    Authors: Sara E. Heins, Amy W. Wozniak, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Kristin A. Sepulveda, Pedro A. Mendez-Tellez, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Dale M. Needham and Victor D. Dinglas

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:55

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Recent methodologic evidence suggests that lack of blinding in randomized trials can result in under- or overestimation of the treatment effect size. The objective of this study is to quantify the extent of bi...

    Authors: Humam Saltaji, Susan Armijo-Olivo, Greta G. Cummings, Maryam Amin, Bruno R. da Costa and Carlos Flores-Mir

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:42

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Accurate smoking status is key for research purposes, but can be costly and difficult to measure. Within the Veteran’s Health Administration (VA), smoking status is recorded as part of routine care as “health ...

    Authors: Anne C. Melzer, Erika A. Pinsker, Barbara Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Diana J. Burgess, Elisheva R. Danan and Steven S. Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:39

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Certain cancer case ascertainment methods used in Quebec and elsewhere are known to underestimate the burden of cancer, particularly for some subgroups. Algorithms using claims data are a low-cost option to im...

    Authors: Mamadou Diop, Erin C. Strumpf and Geetanjali D. Datta

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:38

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews (SRs) in the field of neuropathic pain (NeuP) are increasingly important for decision-making. However, methodological flaws in SRs can reduce the validity of conclusions. Hence, it is import...

    Authors: Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Katarina Vucic, Nikolina Markovina, Dawid Pieper and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:37

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  49. Content type: Debate

    When discussing results medical research articles often tear substantive and statistical (methodical) contributions apart, just as if both were independent. Consequently, reasoning on bias tends to be vague, u...

    Authors: Michael Höfler, John Venz, Sebastian Trautmann and Robert Miller

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:34

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Increasing numbers of systematic reviews (SRs) on total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been published in recent years, but their quality has been unclear. The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Xinyu Wu, Huan Sun, Xiaoqin Zhou, Ji Wang and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:30

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