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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Questionnaires are valuable data collection instruments in public health research, and can serve to pre-screen respondents for suitability in future studies. Survey non-response leads to reduced effective samp...

    Authors: Michael G. Smith, Maryam Witte, Sarah Rocha and Mathias Basner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Exercise is an effective therapeutic intervention for cancer survivors. Concerns about the completeness of reporting of exercise interventions have been raised in the literature, but without any formal analysi...

    Authors: Jose Francisco Meneses-Echavez, Indira Rodriguez-Prieto, Mark Elkins, Javier Martínez-Torres, Lien Nguyen and Julia Bidonde

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Within qualitative research in-person interviews have the reputation for being the highest standard of interviewer-participant encounter. However, there are other approaches to interviewing such as telephone a...

    Authors: Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Many population health surveys consist of a mixed-mode design that includes a face-to-face (F2F) interview followed by a paper-and-pencil (P&P) self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) for the sensitive topics. I...

    Authors: Elise Braekman, Sabine Drieskens, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Finaba Berete, Lydia Gisle, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden and Guido Van Hal

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Engaging those who influence, administer and/or who are active users (“knowledge users”) of health care systems, as co-producers of health research, can help to ensure that research products will better addres...

    Authors: Janet E. Jull, Laurie Davidson, Rachel Dungan, Tram Nguyen, Krista P. Woodward and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Clinical quality registries and other systems that conduct routine post-discharge surveillance of patient outcomes following surgery may have difficulty surveying patients who have limited proficiency in the l...

    Authors: Daniel Xue, Timothy Churches, Elizabeth Armstrong, Rajat Mittal, Justine Maree Naylor and Ian Andrew Harris

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Longitudinal research has demonstrated that experiences of abuse and adversity are not consistently reported over time; however, there is a paucity of available evidence regarding the consistency of reporting ...

    Authors: Deborah Loxton, Jennifer Powers, Natalie Townsend, Melissa L. Harris and Peta Forder

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Recruitment to health research remains a major challenge. Innovation is required to meet policy commitments to help patients take part in health research. One innovation that may help meet those policy goals i...

    Authors: Katherine Grady, Martin Gibson and Peter Bower

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Debate

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  9. Locally produced generic drugs offer a cost–effective alternative to imported drugs to treat patients in Ethiopia. However, due to a lack of bioequivalence testing, additional assurance tests are needed to bui...

    Authors: Chalachew Alemayehu, Geoff Mitchell, Jane Nikles, Abraham Aseffa and Alexandra Clavarino

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Several literature reviews have been published focusing on the prevalence and/or preventability of hospital readmissions. To our knowledge, none focused on the different causes which have been used to evaluate...

    Authors: R. G. Singotani, F. Karapinar, C. Brouwers, C. Wagner and M. C. de Bruijne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:189

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Pain Medication Questionnaire (PMQ) assesses the risk of opioid abuse in people with non-oncological chronic pain.

    Authors: Sheila Raposo Galindo, Manoel Henrique da Nóbrega Marinho, Robert J. Gatchel, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva, Eduardo Henrique Soares Viana, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos and Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This article describes a bibliometric review of the scientific production, geographical distribution, collaboration, impact, and subject area focus of pneumonia research indexed on the Web of Science over a 15...

    Authors: José M. Ramos-Rincón, Héctor Pinargote-Celorio, Isabel Belinchón-Romero and Gregorio González-Alcaide

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Loneliness and social isolation are major determinants of mental wellbeing, especially among older adults. The effectiveness of interventions to address loneliness and social isolation among older adults has b...

    Authors: Janet Ige, Lynn Gibbons, Issy Bray and Selena Gray

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The use of systematic review methods are widely recognized to be essential in the development of recommendations in clinical practice guidelines to prove their trustworthiness. The objective of this study was ...

    Authors: Chiara Trevisiol, Michela Cinquini, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Massimo Gion and Anne W. S. Rutjes

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Current methods for assessing strength of evidence prioritize the contributions of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The objective of this study was to characterize strength of evidence (SOE) tools in recen...

    Authors: D. L. Katz, M. C. Karlsen, M. Chung, M. M. Shams-White, L. W. Green, J. Fielding, A. Saito and W. Willett

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The use of real-world data to generate evidence requires careful assessment and validation of critical variables before drawing clinical conclusions. Prospective clinical trial data suggest that anatomic origi...

    Authors: Patricia Luhn, Deborah Kuk, Gillis Carrigan, Nathan Nussbaum, Rachael Sorg, Rebecca Rohrer, Melisa G. Tucker, Brandon Arnieri, Michael D. Taylor and Neal J. Meropol

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Research reporting guidelines are increasingly commonplace and shown to improve the quality of published health research and health outcomes. Despite severe health inequities among Indigenous Peoples and the p...

    Authors: Tania Huria, Suetonia C. Palmer, Suzanne Pitama, Lutz Beckert, Cameron Lacey, Shaun Ewen and Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Hospitals are common recruitment sites for injury and disability studies. However, the clinical and rehabilitation environment can create unique challenges for researchers to recruit participant populations. W...

    Authors: Michelle S. Fitts, Taeha Condon, John Gilroy, Katrina Bird, Erica Bleakley, Lauren Matheson, Jennifer Fleming, Alan R. Clough, Adrian Esterman, Paul Maruff and India Bohanna

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:172

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Participants in voluntary research present a different demographic profile than those who choose not to participate, affecting the generalizability of many studies. Efforts to evaluate these differences have f...

    Authors: Simone Dahrouge, Catherine Deri Armstrong, William Hogg, Jatinderpreet Singh and Clare Liddy

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Assessing the risk of bias (RoB) in included studies is one of the key methodological aspects of systematic reviews. Cochrane systematic reviews appraise RoB of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with the Coc...

    Authors: Ognjen Barcot, Matija Boric, Tina Poklepovic Pericic, Marija Cavar, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Ivana Vuka and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Statistics are frequently used in health advocacy to attract attention, but are often misinterpreted. The Figure Interpretation Assessment Tool–Health (FIAT-Health) 1.0 was developed to support systematic asse...

    Authors: Reinie G. Gerrits, Niek S. Klazinga, Michael J. van den Berg and Dionne S. Kringos

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The identification of sections in narrative content of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has demonstrated to improve the performance of clinical extraction tasks; however, there is not yet a shared understanding...

    Authors: Alexandra Pomares-Quimbaya, Markus Kreuzthaler and Stefan Schulz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In low-income countries, studies demonstrate greater access and utilization of maternal and neonatal health services, yet mortality rates remain high with poor quality increasingly scrutinized as a potential p...

    Authors: Danielle Wilhelm, Julia Lohmann, Manuela De Allegri, Jobiba Chinkhumba, Adamson S. Muula and Stephan Brenner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature on the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and influenza immunization and to examine how certain measures of SES may influence i...

    Authors: Kelsey Lucyk, Kimberley A. Simmonds, Diane L. Lorenzetti, Steven J. Drews, Lawrence W. Svenson and Margaret L. Russell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Improving response rates in epidemiologic studies is important for the generalizability of the outcome. The aim of this study was to examine whether it can be advantageous for participation to target different...

    Authors: Anne Illemann Christensen, Peter Lynn and Janne Schurmann Tolstrup

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is an increasing number of published systematic reviews (SR) of dose-response meta-analyses (DRMAs) over the past decades. However, the quality of abstract reporting of these SR-DRMAs remains to be under...

    Authors: Peng-Li Jia, Bin Xu, Jing-Min Cheng, Xi-Hao Huang, Joey S. W. Kwong, Yu Liu, Chao Zhang, Ying Han and Chang Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To reliably evaluate the acceptance and use of computer-based prostate cancer decision aids (CBDAs) for African-American men, culturally relevant measures are needed. This study describes the development and i...

    Authors: Otis L. Owens, Nikki R. Wooten and Abbas S. Tavakoli

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The multicriteria decision method (MCDM) aims to find conflicts among alternatives by comparing and evaluating them according to various criteria to reach the best compromise solution. The evaluation of a new ...

    Authors: Giovanni Improta, Antonietta Perrone, Mario Alessandro Russo and Maria Triassi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:140

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Information exchange between physician and patient is crucial to achieve patient involvement, shared decision making and treatment adherence. No reliable method exists for measuring how much information physic...

    Authors: J. M. Nordfalk, P. Gulbrandsen, J. Gerwing, M. Nylenna and J. Menichetti

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Monetary incentive is often used to increase response rate in smokers’ survey, but such effect of prepaid and promised incentives in a follow-up survey is unknown. We compared the effect of different incentive...

    Authors: Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Xue Weng, Man Ping Wang, Sai Yin Ho, Antonio Cho Shing Kwong, Vienna Wai Yin Lai and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:138

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard when evaluating the causal effects of healthcare interventions. When RCTs cannot be used (e.g. ethically difficult), the interrupted time se...

    Authors: Jemma Hudson, Shona Fielding and Craig R. Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In theory, efficient design of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involves randomization algorithms that control baseline variable imbalance efficiently, and corresponding analysis involves pre-specified adju...

    Authors: Jody D. Ciolino, Hannah L. Palac, Amy Yang, Mireya Vaca and Hayley M. Belli

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:136

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Participation in epidemiologic studies is steadily declining, which may result in selection bias. It is therefore an ongoing challenge to clarify the determinants of participation to judge possible selection e...

    Authors: Cornelia Enzenbach, Barbara Wicklein, Kerstin Wirkner and Markus Loeffler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:135

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Clinical guidelines produced in developed nations may not be appropriate in resource-constrained environments, due to differences in cultural, societal, economic and policy contexts. The purpose of this articl...

    Authors: D. V. Ernstzen, S. L. Hillier and Q. A. Louw

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Stringent requirements exist regarding the transparency of the study selection process and the reliability of results. A 2-step selection process is generally recommended; this is conducted by 2 reviewers inde...

    Authors: Siw Waffenschmidt, Marco Knelangen, Wiebke Sieben, Stefanie Bühn and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:132

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A large number of articles examined the preventability rate of readmissions, but comparison and interpretability of these preventability rates is complicated due to the large heterogeneity of methods that were...

    Authors: Eva-Linda Kneepkens, Corline Brouwers, Richelle Glory Singotani, Martine C. de Bruijne and Fatma Karapinar-Çarkit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:128

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted to explore the utility of the Mechanical Turk (MTurk) crowdsourcing platform to conduct rapid trials evaluating online interventions for unhealthy alcohol...

    Authors: John A. Cunningham, Alexandra Godinho and Nicolas Bertholet

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:124

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Small group research in healthcare is important because it deals with interaction and decision-making processes that can help to identify and improve safer patient treatment and care. However, the number of st...

    Authors: Lisa Aufegger, Colin Bicknell, Emma Soane, Hutan Ashrafian and Ara Darzi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Health researchers often use survey studies to examine associations between risk factors at one time point and health outcomes later in life. Previous studies have shown that missing not at random (MNAR) may p...

    Authors: Kristin Gustavson, Espen Røysamb and Ingrid Borren

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:120

    Content type: Research article

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  40. We determined whether it is feasible to identify important changes in care management resulting from cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients who activate the primary percutaneous coronary intervent...

    Authors: Maria Pufulete, Jessica Harris, Stephen Dorman, Lynn Cook, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, John P. Greenwood, Richard Anderson, Rachel Brierley and Barnaby C. Reeves

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:190

  41. Qualitative evidence synthesis is increasingly used alongside reviews of effectiveness to inform guidelines and other decisions. To support this use, the GRADE-CERQual approach was developed to assess and comm...

    Authors: Heather Menzies Munthe-Kaas, Claire Glenton, Andrew Booth, Jane Noyes and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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  42. From 2005 to 2010, we conducted 2 randomized studies on a journal (Medicina Clínica), where we took manuscripts received for publication and randomly assigned them to either the standard editorial process or t...

    Authors: Marta Vilaró, Jordi Cortés, Albert Selva-O’Callaghan, Agustín Urrutia, Josep-Maria Ribera, Francesc Cardellach, Xavier Basagaña, Matthew Elmore, Miquel Vilardell, Douglas Altman, José-Antonio González and Erik Cobo

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:112

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In this paper we discuss the emergence of many different methods for doing a literature review. Referring back to the early days, when there were essentially two types of review; a Cochrane systematic review a...

    Authors: Helen Aveyard and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Most clinical trials with time-to-event primary outcomes are designed assuming constant event rates and proportional hazards over time. Non-constant event rates and non-proportional hazards are seen increasing...

    Authors: Kim Jachno, Stephane Heritier and Rory Wolfe

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Large and complex studies are now routine, and quality assurance and quality control (QC) procedures ensure reliable results and conclusions. Standard procedures may comprise manual verification and double ent...

    Authors: Kelly M. Sunderland, Derek Beaton, Julia Fraser, Donna Kwan, Paula M. McLaughlin, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Alicia J. Peltsch, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Demetrios J. Sahlas, Richard H. Swartz, Stephen C. Strother and Malcolm A. Binns

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

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  46. A dataset is indispensable to answer the research questions of clinical research studies. Inaccurate data lead to ambiguous results, and the removal of errors results in increased cost. The aim of this Quality...

    Authors: Naila A. Shaheen, Bipin Manezhi, Abin Thomas and Mohammed AlKelya

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:98

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Poor medication adherence is a major factor in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and contributes to increased morbidity, mortality, and costs. Interventions for improving medication adh...

    Authors: A. Sieben, S. J. H. Bredie, J. C. H. B. M. Luijten, C. J. H. M. van Laarhoven, S. van Dulmen and H. A. W. van Onzenoort

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:95

    Content type: Research article

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  48. To study patient physiology throughout a period of acute hospitalization, we sought to create accessible, standardized nationwide data at the level of the individual patient-facility-day. This methodology pape...

    Authors: Xiao Qing Wang, Brenda M. Vincent, Wyndy L. Wiitala, Kaitlyn A. Luginbill, Elizabeth M. Viglianti, Hallie C. Prescott and Theodore J. Iwashyna

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:94

    Content type: Database

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  49. This study examined the agreement between patient-reported chronic diseases and hospital administrative records in hip or knee arthroplasty patients in England.

    Authors: Bélène Podmore, Andrew Hutchings, Sujith Konan and Jan van der Meulen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019 19:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: