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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Debate

    When discussing results medical research articles often tear substantive and statistical (methodical) contributions apart, just as if both were independent. Consequently, reasoning on bias tends to be vague, u...

    Authors: Michael Höfler, John Venz, Sebastian Trautmann and Robert Miller

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:34

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Increasing numbers of systematic reviews (SRs) on total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been published in recent years, but their quality has been unclear. The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Xinyu Wu, Huan Sun, Xiaoqin Zhou, Ji Wang and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:30

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  3. Content type: Research article

    We use the example of the Gojjam Lymphoedema Best Practice Trial (GoLBeT), a pragmatic trial in a remote rural setting in northern Ethiopia, to extract lessons relevant to other investigators balancing the dem...

    Authors: Meseret Molla, Henok Negussie, Moses Ngari, Esther Kivaya, Patricia Njuguna, Fikre Enqueselassie, James A. Berkley and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:26

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Bronchiolitis is the commonest respiratory infection in children less than 12 months and cause of hospitalisation in infants under 6 months of age in Australasia. Unfortunately there is substantial variation i...

    Authors: Sharon O’Brien, Sally Wilson, Fenella J. Gill, Elizabeth Cotterell, Meredith L Borland, Edward Oakley and Stuart R Dalziel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:22

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Demands placed on individuals in occupational and social settings, as well as imbalances in personal traits and resources, can lead to chronic stress. The Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS) measures chr...

    Authors: Katja Petrowski, Sören Kliem, Michael Sadler, Alicia E. Meuret, Thomas Ritz and Elmar Brähler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:18

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  6. Content type: Debate

    The Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide was developed by an international team of experts to promote full and accurate description of trial interventions. It is n...

    Authors: Sarah Cotterill, Sarah Knowles, Anne-Marie Martindale, Rebecca Elvey, Susan Howard, Nia Coupe, Paul Wilson and Michael Spence

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:12

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The impracticalities and comparative expense of carrying out a clinical assessment is an obstacle in many large epidemiological studies. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a series of electr...

    Authors: Dale J. Cooper, Brigitte E. Scammell, Mark E. Batt and Debbie Palmer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:11

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This article corresponds to a literature review and analyze how heterogeneity of treatment (HTE) is reported and addressed in cohort studies and to evaluate the use of the different measures to HTE analysis.

    Authors: Meryl Dahan, Caroline Scemama, Raphael Porcher and David J. Biau

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:10

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Prospective study protocols and registrations can play a significant role in reducing incomplete or selective reporting of primary biomedical research, because they are pre-specified blueprints which are avail...

    Authors: Guowei Li, Luciana P. F. Abbade, Ikunna Nwosu, Yanling Jin, Alvin Leenus, Muhammad Maaz, Mei Wang, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Nitika Sanger, Bianca Bantoto, Candice Luo, Ieta Shams, Hamnah Shahid, Yaping Chang, Guangwen Sun…

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:9

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The reporting of randomised controlled trial (RCT) abstracts is of vital importance. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association between structure format and RCT abstracts’ quality o...

    Authors: Fang Hua, Tanya Walsh, Anne-Marie Glenny and Helen Worthington

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:6

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Article summaries’ information and structure may influence researchers/clinicians’ decisions to conduct deeper full-text analyses. Specifically, abstracts of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MA) sho...

    Authors: Francisco Gómez-García, Juan Ruano, Macarena Aguilar-Luque, Patricia Alcalde-Mellado, Jesús Gay-Mimbrera, José Luis Hernández-Romero, Juan Luis Sanz-Cabanillas, Beatriz Maestre-López, Marcelino González-Padilla, Pedro J. Carmona-Fernández, Antonio Vélez García-Nieto and Beatriz Isla-Tejera

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:180

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Evidence shows that research abstracts are commonly inconsistent with their corresponding full reports, and may mislead readers. In this scoping review, which is part of our series on the state of reporting of...

    Authors: Guowei Li, Luciana P. F. Abbade, Ikunna Nwosu, Yanling Jin, Alvin Leenus, Muhammad Maaz, Mei Wang, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Nitika Sanger, Bianca Bantoto, Candice Luo, Ieta Shams, Hamnah Shahid, Yaping Chang, Guangwen Sun…

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:181

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews may provide less biased evidence than narrative reviews because they observe a strict methodology, similarly to primary studies. Hence, for clinical research questions, systematic reviews sh...

    Authors: Clovis Mariano Faggion Jr, Nikolaos P. Bakas and Jason Wasiak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:176

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are becoming increasingly important methods to summarize published research. Studies of ophthalmology may present additional challenges because of their potentially complex...

    Authors: Seon-Young Lee, Harkiran Sagoo, Reem Farwana, Katharine Whitehurst, Alex Fowler and Riaz Agha

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:178

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Effectiveness of interventions in pragmatic trials may not translate directly into population impact, because of limited uptake by clinicians and/or the public. Uptake of an intervention is influenced by a num...

    Authors: Katy J. L. Bell, Amanda McCullough, Chris Del Mar and Paul Glasziou

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:174

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Personalized healthcare relies on the identification of factors explaining why individuals respond differently to the same intervention. Analyses identifying such factors, so called predictors and moderators, ...

    Authors: Ralph van Hoorn, Marcia Tummers, Andrew Booth, Ansgar Gerhardus, Eva Rehfuess, Daniel Hind, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Vivian Welch, Thomas P. A. Debray, Martin Underwood, Pim Cuijpers, Helena Kraemer, Gert Jan van der Wilt and Wietkse Kievit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:173

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Summary of findings tables in systematic reviews are highly informative but require epidemiological training to be interpreted correctly. The usage of fishbone diagrams as graphical displays could offer resear...

    Authors: Gerald Gartlehner, Marie-Therese Schultes, Viktoria Titscher, Laura C. Morgan, Georgiy V. Bobashev, Peyton Williams and Suzanne L. West

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:169

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinical studies in children are necessary yet conducting multiple visits at study centers remains challenging. The success of “care-at-home” initiatives and remote clinical trials suggests their potential to ...

    Authors: Belinda von Niederhäusern, Ramon Saccilotto, Sabine Schädelin, Victoria Ziesenitz, Pascal Benkert, Marie-Luise Decker, Anya Hammann, Julia Bielicki, Marc Pfister and Christiane Pauli-Magnus

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:163

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  19. Content type: Research article

    As implementation science advances, the number of interventions to promote the translation of evidence into healthcare, health systems, or health policy is growing. Accordingly, classification schemes for thes...

    Authors: Susan E. Slaughter, Gabrielle L. Zimmermann, Megan Nuspl, Heather M. Hanson, Lauren Albrecht, Rosmin Esmail, Khara Sauro, Amanda S. Newton, Maoliosa Donald, Michele P. Dyson, Denise Thomson and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:161

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