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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The lack of suitable and reliable scales to measure self-reported health and health behaviour among people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is an important methodological challenge in health research. This ...

    Authors: Kristel Vlot-van Anrooij, Hilde Tobi, Thessa I. M. Hilgenkamp, Geraline L. Leusink and Jenneken Naaldenberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:80

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Records pertaining to individuals whose identity cannot be verified with legal documentation may contain errors, or be incorrect by intention of the individual. Probabilistic data linkage, especially in vulner...

    Authors: Holly Tibble, Hsei Di Law, Matthew J. Spittal, Rosemary Karmel, Rohan Borschmann, Katie Hail-Jares, Laura A. Thomas and Stuart A. Kinner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:76

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common condition with many unmet clinical needs. Pooled analysis of studies is an important tool for advancing medical understanding. This process starts with a syst...

    Authors: Benjamin M. Davies, Samuel Goh, Keonwoo Yi, Isla Kuhn and Mark R. N. Kotter

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:73

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Limited translational success in critical care medicine is thought to be in part due to inadequate methodology, study design, and reporting in preclinical studies. The purpose of this study was to compare repo...

    Authors: Justin S. Merkow, Janine M. Hoerauf, Angela F. Moss, Jason Brainard, Lena M. Mayes, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Susan K. Mikulich-Gilbertson and Karsten Bartels

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:71

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  5. Content type: Research article

    A thorough evaluation of the adequacy of clinical practice in a designated health care setting and temporal context is key for clinical care improvement. This study aimed to perform a clinical audit of primary...

    Authors: María Abad-Arranz, Ana Moran-Rodríguez, Enrique Mascarós Balaguer, Carmen Quintana Velasco, Laura Abad Polo, Sara Núñez Palomo, Jaime Gonzálvez Rey, Ana María Fernández Vargas, Antonio Hidalgo Requena, Jose Manuel Helguera Quevedo, Marina García Pardo and Jose Luis Lopez-Campos

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:68

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Web-based surveys have become increasingly popular but response rates are low and may be prone to selection bias. How people are invited to participate may impact response rates and needs further study as prev...

    Authors: Xiaochen Tai, Alanna M. Smith, Allison J. McGeer, Eve Dubé, Dorothy Linn Holness, Kevin Katz, Linda McGillis Hall, Shelly A. McNeil, Jeff Powis and Brenda L. Coleman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:59

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool is widely used for investigating the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SR). Originally, AMSTAR was developed for SRs of randomized contro...

    Authors: Dawid Pieper, Nadja Koensgen, Jessica Breuing, Long Ge and Uta Wegewitz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:56

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate participant-related variables associated with missing assessment(s) at follow-up visits during a longitudinal research study.

    Authors: Sara E. Heins, Amy W. Wozniak, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Kristin A. Sepulveda, Pedro A. Mendez-Tellez, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Dale M. Needham and Victor D. Dinglas

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:55

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Recent methodologic evidence suggests that lack of blinding in randomized trials can result in under- or overestimation of the treatment effect size. The objective of this study is to quantify the extent of bi...

    Authors: Humam Saltaji, Susan Armijo-Olivo, Greta G. Cummings, Maryam Amin, Bruno R. da Costa and Carlos Flores-Mir

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:42

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Accurate smoking status is key for research purposes, but can be costly and difficult to measure. Within the Veteran’s Health Administration (VA), smoking status is recorded as part of routine care as “health ...

    Authors: Anne C. Melzer, Erika A. Pinsker, Barbara Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Diana J. Burgess, Elisheva R. Danan and Steven S. Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:39

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews (SRs) in the field of neuropathic pain (NeuP) are increasingly important for decision-making. However, methodological flaws in SRs can reduce the validity of conclusions. Hence, it is import...

    Authors: Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Katarina Vucic, Nikolina Markovina, Dawid Pieper and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:37

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Certain cancer case ascertainment methods used in Quebec and elsewhere are known to underestimate the burden of cancer, particularly for some subgroups. Algorithms using claims data are a low-cost option to im...

    Authors: Mamadou Diop, Erin C. Strumpf and Geetanjali D. Datta

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:38

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  13. Content type: Debate

    When discussing results medical research articles often tear substantive and statistical (methodical) contributions apart, just as if both were independent. Consequently, reasoning on bias tends to be vague, u...

    Authors: Michael Höfler, John Venz, Sebastian Trautmann and Robert Miller

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:34

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Increasing numbers of systematic reviews (SRs) on total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been published in recent years, but their quality has been unclear. The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Xinyu Wu, Huan Sun, Xiaoqin Zhou, Ji Wang and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:30

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  15. Content type: Research article

    We use the example of the Gojjam Lymphoedema Best Practice Trial (GoLBeT), a pragmatic trial in a remote rural setting in northern Ethiopia, to extract lessons relevant to other investigators balancing the dem...

    Authors: Meseret Molla, Henok Negussie, Moses Ngari, Esther Kivaya, Patricia Njuguna, Fikre Enqueselassie, James A. Berkley and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:26

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Bronchiolitis is the commonest respiratory infection in children less than 12 months and cause of hospitalisation in infants under 6 months of age in Australasia. Unfortunately there is substantial variation i...

    Authors: Sharon O’Brien, Sally Wilson, Fenella J. Gill, Elizabeth Cotterell, Meredith L Borland, Edward Oakley and Stuart R Dalziel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:22

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Demands placed on individuals in occupational and social settings, as well as imbalances in personal traits and resources, can lead to chronic stress. The Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS) measures chr...

    Authors: Katja Petrowski, Sören Kliem, Michael Sadler, Alicia E. Meuret, Thomas Ritz and Elmar Brähler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:18

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  18. Content type: Debate

    The Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide was developed by an international team of experts to promote full and accurate description of trial interventions. It is n...

    Authors: Sarah Cotterill, Sarah Knowles, Anne-Marie Martindale, Rebecca Elvey, Susan Howard, Nia Coupe, Paul Wilson and Michael Spence

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:12

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The impracticalities and comparative expense of carrying out a clinical assessment is an obstacle in many large epidemiological studies. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a series of electr...

    Authors: Dale J. Cooper, Brigitte E. Scammell, Mark E. Batt and Debbie Palmer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:11

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  20. Content type: Research article

    This article corresponds to a literature review and analyze how heterogeneity of treatment (HTE) is reported and addressed in cohort studies and to evaluate the use of the different measures to HTE analysis.

    Authors: Meryl Dahan, Caroline Scemama, Raphael Porcher and David J. Biau

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:10

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