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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

Page 1 of 8

  1. We investigated the feasibility of using a machine learning tool’s relevance predictions to expedite title and abstract screening.

    Authors: Allison Gates, Michelle Gates, Meghan Sebastianski, Samantha Guitard, Sarah A. Elliott and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  2. When conducting an Overviews of Reviews on health-related topics, it is unclear which combination of bibliographic databases authors should use for searching for SRs. Our goal was to determine which databases ...

    Authors: Käthe Goossen, Simone Hess, Carole Lunny and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Publication and related biases (including publication bias, time-lag bias, outcome reporting bias and p-hacking) have been well documented in clinical research, but relatively little is known about their prese...

    Authors: Abimbola A. Ayorinde, Iestyn Williams, Russell Mannion, Fujian Song, Magdalena Skrybant, Richard J. Lilford and Yen-Fu Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:137

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Missing data in covariates can result in biased estimates and loss of power to detect associations. It can also lead to other challenges in time-to-event analyses including the handling of time-varying effects...

    Authors: Orlagh U. Carroll, Tim P. Morris and Ruth H. Keogh

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. Too often, studies of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) in preventive, community, and health care are not sufficiently useful to end users (typically practitioners, patients, policymakers, or other researche...

    Authors: Henna Hasson, Laura Leviton and Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:133

    Content type: Debate

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  6. Propensity scores are widely used to deal with confounding bias in medical research. An incorrectly specified propensity score model may lead to residual confounding bias; therefore it is essential to use diag...

    Authors: Emily Granger, Tim Watkins, Jamie C. Sergeant and Mark Lunt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:132

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cross-cultural research with patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) assumes that the PROM in the target language will measure the same construct in the same way as the PROM in the source language. Yet tran...

    Authors: Melanie Hawkins, Christina Cheng, Gerald R. Elsworth and Richard H. Osborne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Evidence-based health care is informed by results of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and their syntheses in meta-analyses. When the trial outcomes measured are not clearly described in trial publications, kn...

    Authors: Andrea Monsour, Emma J. Mew, Sagar Patel, Alyssandra Chee-a-tow, Leena Saeed, Lucia Santos, Darren B. Courtney, Priya N. Watson, Suneeta Monga, Peter Szatmari, Martin Offringa and Nancy J. Butcher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Recent changes in communication technologies, including increased reliance on mobile phones and the internet, may present challenges and/or opportunities to re-engaging inactive study cohorts. We evaluate our ...

    Authors: Gareth Lingham, David A. Mackey, Nicola Seed, Lisa Ryan, Elizabeth Milne, Robyn M. Lucas, Maria Franchina, Samantha Sze-Yee Lee and Seyhan Yazar

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Peer review is at the heart of the scientific process. With the advent of digitisation, journals started to offer electronic articles or publishing online only. A new philosophy regarding the peer review proce...

    Authors: Oliver Rudolf HERBER, Caroline BRADBURY-JONES, Susanna BÖLING, Sarah COMBES, Julian HIRT, Yvonne KOOP, Ragnhild NYHAGEN, Jessica D. VELDHUIZEN and Julie TAYLOR

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:122

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A crucial element in the systematic review (SR) methodology is the appraisal of included primary studies, using tools for assessment of methodological quality or risk of bias (RoB). SR authors can conduct sens...

    Authors: Marija Franka Marušić, Mahir Fidahić, Cristina Mihaela Cepeha, Loredana Gabriela Farcaș, Alexandra Tseke and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The COVID-19 pandemic has evolved into one of the most impactful health crises in modern history, compelling researchers to explore innovative ways to efficiently collect public health data in a timely manner....

    Authors: Shahmir H. Ali, Joshua Foreman, Ariadna Capasso, Abbey M. Jones, Yesim Tozan and Ralph J. DiClemente

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Shifts in data sharing policy have increased researchers’ access to individual participant data (IPD) from clinical studies. Simultaneously the number of IPD meta-analyses (IPDMAs) is increasing. However, rate...

    Authors: Matthew Ventresca, Holger J. Schünemann, Fergus Macbeth, Mike Clarke, Lehana Thabane, Gareth Griffiths, Simon Noble, David Garcia, Maura Marcucci, Alfonso Iorio, Qi Zhou, Mark Crowther, Elie A. Akl, Gary H. Lyman, Viktoria Gloy, Marcello DiNisio…

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:113

    Content type: Research article

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  14. While randomised controlled trials (RCTs) provide high-quality evidence to guide practice, much routine care is not based upon available RCTs. This disconnect between evidence and practice is not sufficiently ...

    Authors: Ben E. Byrne, Leila Rooshenas, Helen S. Lambert and Jane M. Blazeby

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:112

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Health experts including planners and policy-makers face complex decisions in diverse and constantly changing healthcare systems. Visual analytics may play a critical role in supporting analysis of complex hea...

    Authors: Erin I. Walsh, Younjin Chung, Nicolas Cherbuin and Luis Salvador-Carulla

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The objective of this study was to assess the overall quality of study-level meta-analyses in high-ranking journals using commonly employed guidelines and standards for systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

    Authors: Irbaz Hameed, Michelle Demetres, Derrick Y. Tam, Mohamed Rahouma, Faiza M. Khan, Drew N. Wright, Keith Mages, Antonio P. DeRosa, Becky Baltich Nelson, Kevin Pain, Diana Delgado, Leonard N. Girardi, Stephen E. Fremes and Mario Gaudino

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:105

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cochrane systematic review Plain language Summaries (CSR PLSs should serve as a tool for the evidence translation to non-medical population. However, the evidence of optimal type of numerical presentation in C...

    Authors: Ivan Buljan, Ružica Tokalić, Marija Roguljić, Irena Zakarija-Grković, Davorka Vrdoljak, Petra Milić, Livia Puljak and Ana Marušić

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Cross-sectional and retrospective offence data are often used to classify sex offenders in epidemiological and survey research, but little empirical evidence exists regarding the practical implications of this...

    Authors: Mathew Gullotta, David Greenberg, Armita Adily, Jesse Cale and Tony G. Butler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There is a notable lack of methodological and reporting guidance for systematic reviews of prevalence data. This information void has the potential to result in reviews that are inconsistent and inadequate to ...

    Authors: Celina Borges Migliavaca, Cinara Stein, Verônica Colpani, Timothy Hugh Barker, Zachary Munn and Maicon Falavigna

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Mobile applications for health, also known as ‘mHealth apps’, have experienced increasing popularity over the past ten years. However, most publicly available mHealth apps are not clinically validated, and man...

    Authors: Adrian B. R. Shatte and Samantha J. Teague

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:91

    Content type: Software

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  21. State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) scale was developed in the 1980’s and has been widely used both in clinical settings and in research. However the Danish version of STAI has not been validated. The aim of ...

    Authors: L. W. Gustafson, P. Gabel, A. Hammer, H. H. Lauridsen, L. K. Petersen, B. Andersen, P. Bor and M. B. Larsen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Occupational stress and specifically job anxiety are crucial factors in determining health outcomes, job satisfaction as well as performance. In order to assess this phenomenon, the Job Anxiety Scale is one of...

    Authors: Bjarne Schmalbach, Andreas Kalkbrenner, Markus Bassler, Andreas Hinz and Katja Petrowski

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A pretest probability must be selected to calculate data to help clinicians, guideline boards and policy makers interpret diagnostic accuracy parameters. When multiple analyses for the same target condition ar...

    Authors: Michiel S. Oerbekke, Kevin Jenniskens, Rob J. P. M. Scholten and Lotty Hooft

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:85

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW) is a prevalent face-to-face interview method for measuring quality of life by integrating respondent-generated dimensi...

    Authors: Marion Burckhardt, Steffen Fleischer and Almuth Berg

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:80

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The lack of attention to Indigenous epistemologies and, more broadly, Indigenous values in primary research, is mirrored in the standardised critical appraisal tools used to guide evidence-based practice and s...

    Authors: Stephen Harfield, Odette Pearson, Kim Morey, Elaine Kite, Karla Canuto, Karen Glover, Judith Streak Gomersall, Drew Carter, Carol Davy, Edoardo Aromataris and Annette Braunack-Mayer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To monitor the adoption of climate change adaptive behaviors in the population, public health authorities have to conduct national surveys, which can help them target vulnerable subpopulations. To ensure relia...

    Authors: Grâce Ngambo Domche, Pierre Valois, Magalie Canuel, Denis Talbot, Maxime Tessier, Cécile Aenishaenslin, Catherine Bouchard and Sandie Briand

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are rapidly rising in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Systematic reviews satisfy the demand from practitioners and policy makers for prompt comprehensive evide...

    Authors: Alaa Akkawi, Joanne Khabsa, Aya Noubani, Sarah Jamali, Abla M. Sibai and Tamara Lotfi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Clinical trials are essential to improve knowledge of anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Unfortunately, many studies face participant-recruitment issues and fail to include the planned number of participan...

    Authors: Caroline Noirmain, Béatrice Gil-Wey, Isabelle Pichon, Pauline Brindel and Guy Haller

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Non-participation and attrition are rarely studied despite being important methodological issues when performing post-disaster studies. A longitudinal survey of civilians exposed to the January 2015 terrorist ...

    Authors: Cécile Vuillermoz, Lise Eilin Stene, Lydéric Aubert, Yvon Motreff, Philippe Pirard, Thierry Baubet, Sophie Lesieur, Pierre Chauvin and Stéphanie Vandentorren

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In the data pipeline from the data collection process to the planned statistical analyses, initial data analysis (IDA) typically takes place between the end of the data collection and do not touch the research...

    Authors: Marianne Huebner, Werner Vach, Saskia le Cessie, Carsten Oliver Schmidt and Lara Lusa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The aims of this study were to assess whether the previous registration of a systematic review (SR) is associated with the improvement of the quality of the report of SRs and whether SR registration reduced ou...

    Authors: Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Bernardo Antônio Agostini, Rafaela Bassani, Gabriel Kalil Rocha Pereira and Rafael Sarkis-Onofre

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Single time-point assessments of psychological distress are often used to indicate chronic mental health problems, but the validity of this approach is unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate how a...

    Authors: J. Welsh, R. J. Korda, E. Banks, L. Strazdins, G. Joshy and P. Butterworth

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Studies examining incident heart failure (HF) have been limited to select populations. To examine incident HF with broader generalizability, there is need to assemble a HF-free cohort using a geographically-di...

    Authors: Parag Goyal, Matthew T. Mefford, Ligong Chen, Madeline R. Sterling, Raegan W. Durant, Monika M. Safford and Emily B. Levitan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In composing multi-thematic questionnaires for the Lolland-Falster Health Study (LOFUS), we faced a range of challenges, for which we found limited guidance in the literature. LOFUS is a household-based popula...

    Authors: Cecilie Lindström Egholm, Aake Packness, Jakob Stokholm, Knud Rasmussen, Christina Ellervik, Erik Simonsen, Anne Illemann Christensen and Randi Jepsen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:52

    Content type: Commentary

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  35. Biosocial survey data are in high demand, yet little is known about the measurement quality of health measures collected by nurses in respondents’ homes. Our objective was to analyze the degree to which nurses...

    Authors: Alexandru Cernat and Joseph W. Sakshaug

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Incomplete data are of particular important influence in mental measurement questionnaires. Most experts, however, mostly focus on clinical trials and cohort studies and generally pay less attention to this de...

    Authors: Xueying Xu, Leizhen Xia, Qimeng Zhang, Shaoning Wu, Mingcheng Wu and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A Core Outcomes Set (COS) is an agreed minimum set of outcomes that should be reported in all clinical studies related to a specific condition. Using prostate cancer as a case study, we identified, summarized,...

    Authors: Michela Meregaglia, Oriana Ciani, Helen Banks, Maximilian Salcher-Konrad, Caroline Carney, Sahan Jayawardana, Paula Williamson and Giovanni Fattore

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Validated algorithms to classify type 1 and 2 diabetes (T1D, T2D) are mostly limited to white pediatric populations. We conducted a large study in Hong Kong among children and adults with diabetes to develop a...

    Authors: Calvin Ke, Thérèse A. Stukel, Andrea Luk, Baiju R. Shah, Prabhat Jha, Eric Lau, Ronald C. W. Ma, Wing-Yee So, Alice P. Kong, Elaine Chow and Juliana C. N. Chan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The mechanisms and pathways to impacts from public health research in the UK have not been widely studied. Through the lens of one funder (NIHR), our aims are to map the diversity of public health research, in...

    Authors: Harriet Boulding, Adam Kamenetzky, Ioana Ghiga, Becky Ioppolo, Facundo Herrera, Sarah Parks, Catriona Manville, Susan Guthrie and Saba Hinrichs-Krapels

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Consensus-orientated Delphi studies are increasingly used in various areas of medical research using a variety of different rating scales and criteria for reaching consensus. We explored the influence of using...

    Authors: Toni Lange, Christian Kopkow, Jörg Lützner, Klaus-Peter Günther, Sascha Gravius, Hanns-Peter Scharf, Johannes Stöve, Richard Wagner and Jochen Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Data-visualization methods are essential to explore and communicate meta-analytic data and results. With a large number of novel graphs proposed quite recently, a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of availabl...

    Authors: Michael Kossmeier, Ulrich S. Tran and Martin Voracek

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Clinical prediction models are widely used to guide medical advice and therapeutic interventions. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and is characterised by acute deteriorations. These ...

    Authors: Joshua Bridge, John D. Blakey and Laura J. Bonnett

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Identifying and assessing degree and type of frailty among older persons is a major challenge when targeting high risk populations to identify preventive interventions. The Vulnerable Elders Survey-(VES-13) is...

    Authors: Joël Belmin, Lyamna Khellaf, Sylvie Pariel, Witold Jarzebowski, Lucie Valembois, John Zeisel and Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  44. There are a growing number of studies using mediation analysis to understand the mechanisms of health interventions and exposures. Recent work has shown that the reporting of these studies is heterogenous and ...

    Authors: Aidan G. Cashin, James H. McAuley, Sarah E. Lamb, Sally Hopewell, Steven J. Kamper, Christopher M. Williams, Nicholas Henschke and Hopin Lee

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Antidepressants are prescribed widely to manage low back pain. There are a number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses which have investigated the efficacy of the treatments, while the methodological qualit...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Panahi, Mostafa Mohseni, Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Integrated care is an increasingly important principle for organising healthcare. Integrated care models show promise in reducing resource wastage and service fragmentation whilst improving the accessibility, ...

    Authors: Raechel A. Damarell, Suzanne Lewis, Camilla Trenerry and Jennifer J. Tieman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Systematic reviews are a key input to health and social welfare decisions. Studies included in systematic reviews often vary with respect to contextual factors that may impact on how transferable review findin...

    Authors: Heather Munthe-Kaas, Heid Nøkleby, Simon Lewin and Claire Glenton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Randomised trial protocols may incorporate interim analyses, with the potential to stop the study for futility if early data show insufficient promise of a treatment benefit. Previously, we have shown that thi...

    Authors: S. D. Walter, H. Han, G. H. Guyatt, D. Bassler, N. Bhatnagar, V. Gloy, S. Schandelmaier and M. Briel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  49. The design and execution of measurement in quality improvement (QI) initiatives is often poor. Better guidance on “what good looks like” might help to mitigate some of the problems. We report a consensus-build...

    Authors: Thomas Woodcock, Yewande Adeleke, Christine Goeschel, Peter Pronovost and Mary Dixon-Woods

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  50. Systematic reviews are vital to the pursuit of evidence-based medicine within healthcare. Screening titles and abstracts (T&Ab) for inclusion in a systematic review is an intensive, and often collaborative, st...

    Authors: Hannah Harrison, Simon J. Griffin, Isla Kuhn and Juliet A. Usher-Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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