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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Regulations, study design complexity and amounts of collected and shared data in clinical trials render efficient data handling procedures inevitable. Recent research suggests that electronic data capture can ...

    Authors: Robert Fleischmann, Anne-Marie Decker, Antje Kraft, Knut Mai and Sein Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:153

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Our objective was to assess the frequency of data extraction errors and its potential impact on results in systematic reviews. Furthermore, we evaluated the effect of different extraction methods, reviewer cha...

    Authors: Tim Mathes, Pauline Klaßen and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:152

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  3. Content type: Research article

    An up-to-date systematic review is important for researchers to decide whether to embark on new research or continue supporting ongoing studies. The aim of this study is to examine the time taken between the l...

    Authors: Wilson W. S. Tam, Kenneth K. H. Lo, Parames Khalechelvam, Joey Seah and Shawn Y. S. Goh

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:151

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The reproducibility of research is essential to rigorous science, yet significant concerns of the reliability and verifiability of biomedical research have been recently highlighted. Ongoing efforts across sev...

    Authors: Leslie D. McIntosh, Anthony Juehne, Cynthia R. H. Vitale, Xiaoyan Liu, Rosalia Alcoser, J. Christian Lukas and Bradley Evanoff

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:143

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The ACE-III, a gold standard for screening cognitive impairment, is restricted by language and culture, with no uniform set of guidelines for its adaptation. To develop guidelines a compilation of all the adap...

    Authors: Nadine Mirza, Maria Panagioti, Muhammad Wali Waheed and Waquas Waheed

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:141

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although there has been growing research on the burden of treatment, the current state of evidence on measuring this concept is unknown. This scoping review aimed to provide an overview of the current state of...

    Authors: Adem Sav, Asiyeh Salehi, Frances S. Mair and Sara S. McMillan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:140

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal studies using data collected as part of usual care risk providing biased results if visit times are related to the outcome of interest. Statistical methods for mitigating this bias are available b...

    Authors: Delaram Farzanfar, Asmaa Abumuamar, Jayoon Kim, Emily Sirotich, Yue Wang and Eleanor Pullenayegum

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:133

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Self-interviews, where the respondent rather than the interviewer enters answers to questions, have been proposed as a way to reduce social desirability bias associated with interviewer-led interviews. Compute...

    Authors: Guy Harling, Dumile Gumede, Tinofa Mutevedzi, Nuala McGrath, Janet Seeley, Deenan Pillay, Till W. Bärnighausen and Abraham J. Herbst

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:125

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The objective consensus methodology has recently been applied in consensus finding in several studies on medical decision-making among clinical experts or guidelines. The main advantages of this method are an ...

    Authors: Cédric M. Panje, Markus Glatzer, Joscha von Rappard, Christian Rothermundt, Thomas Hundsberger, Valentin Zumstein, Ludwig Plasswilm and Paul Martin Putora

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:123

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Decisionmakers and guideline developers demand rapid syntheses of the evidence when time sensitive evidence-informed decisions are required. A potential trade-off of such rapid reviews is that their results ca...

    Authors: Gernot Wagner, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Judith Greimel, Agustín Ciapponi and Gerald Gartlehner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:121

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Illness perceptions involve the personal beliefs that patients have about their illness and may influence health behaviours considerably. Since an instrument to measure these perceptions for Malay population i...

    Authors: Boon-How Chew, Rimke C. Vos, Monique Heijmans, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali, Aaron Fernandez and Guy E. H. M. Rutten

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:118

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Information about design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation is central to understand the impact of programmes within the field of sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (S...

    Authors: Anna E. Kågesten, Özge Tunçalp, Anayda Portela, Moazzam Ali, Nhan Tran and A. Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:117

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  13. Content type: Research article

    More patient-specific medical care is expected as more is learned about variations in patient responses to medical treatments. Analytical tools enable insights by linking treatment responses from different typ...

    Authors: Joe Alexander, Roger A. Edwards, Alberto Savoldelli, Luigi Manca, Roberto Grugni, Birol Emir, Ed Whalen, Stephen Watt, Marina Brodsky and Bruce Parsons

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:113

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The application of adaptive design methodology within a clinical trial setting is becoming increasingly popular. However the application of these methods within trials is not being reported as adaptive designs...

    Authors: Pankaj Mistry, Janet A Dunn and Andrea Marshall

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:108

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  15. Content type: Debate

    The standard definition for protocol adherence is the proportion of all scheduled doses that are delivered. In clinical research, this definition has several limitations when evaluating protocol adherence in t...

    Authors: F. Lauzier, N. K. Adhikari, A. Seely, K. K. Y. Koo, E. P. Belley-Côté, K. E. A. Burns, D. J. Cook, F. D’Aragon, B. Rochwerg, M. E. Kho, S. J. W. Oczkowksi, E. H. Duan, M. O. Meade, A. G. Day and F. Lamontagne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:106

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Inter-rater reliability (IRR) is mainly assessed based on only two reviewers of unknown expertise. The aim of this paper is to examine differences in the IRR of the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMST...

    Authors: Dawid Pieper, Anja Jacobs, Beate Weikert, Alba Fishta and Uta Wegewitz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:98

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Data cleaning is an important quality assurance in data linkage research studies. This paper presents the data cleaning and preparation process for a large-scale cross-jurisdictional Australian study (the Smok...

    Authors: Duong Thuy Tran, Alys Havard and Louisa R. Jorm

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Probabilistic record linkage is a process used to bring together person-based records from within the same dataset (de-duplication) or from disparate datasets using pairwise comparisons and matching probabilit...

    Authors: Adrian P. Brown, Sean M. Randall, Anna M. Ferrante, James B. Semmens and James H. Boyd

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:95

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  19. Content type: Research article

    As publishing is essential but competitive for researchers, difficulties in writing and submitting medical articles to biomedical journals are disabling. The DIAzePAM (Difficultés des Auteurs à la Publication d’A...

    Authors: Martin Duracinsky, Christophe Lalanne, Laurence Rous, Aichata Fofana Dara, Lesya Baudoin, Claire Pellet, Alexandre Descamps, Fabienne Péretz and Olivier Chassany

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:96

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Administrative data is a useful tool for research and quality improvement; however, validity of research findings based on these data depends on their reliability. Diagnoses assigned by physicians are subseque...

    Authors: Kristin Burles, Grant Innes, Kevin Senior, Eddy Lang and Andrew McRae

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:89

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported weight and height are commonly used in lieu of direct measurements of weight and height in large epidemiological surveys due to inevitable constraints such as budget and human resource. However, ...

    Authors: C. C. Kee, K. H. Lim, M. G. Sumarni, C. H. Teh, Y. Y. Chan, M. I. Nuur Hafizah, Y. K. Cheah, E. O. Tee, Y. Ahmad Faudzi and M. Amal Nasir

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:85

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership aims to study international differences in cancer survival and the possible causes. Participating countries are Australia, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and ...

    Authors: Line Hvidberg, Anette Fischer Pedersen, Christian Nielsen Wulff, Anders Helles Carlsen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:74

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Over the past decade, there have been substantial changes in landline and mobile phone ownership, with a substantial increase in the proportion of mobile-only households. Estimates of daily smoking rates for t...

    Authors: Joseph Hanna, Damien V. Cordery, David G. Steel, Walter Davis and Timothy C. Harrold

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:65

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Posttraumatic growth is the positive change resulting from traumatic experiences and is typically assessed with retrospective measures like the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). The PTGI was designed to i...

    Authors: Navjot Kaur, Ben Porter, Cynthia A. LeardMann, Laura E. Tobin, Hector Lemus and David D. Luxton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:69

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews (SRs) are an important source of information about healthcare interventions. A key component of a well-conducted SR is a comprehensive literature search. There is limited evidence on the con...

    Authors: Lisa Hartling, Robin Featherstone, Megan Nuspl, Kassi Shave, Donna M. Dryden and Ben Vandermeer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:64

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The collection of routine clinical data in the setting of research registries can serve an important role in understanding real world care. However, relatively little is known about the patient experience in r...

    Authors: Daniel H. Solomon, Nancy A. Shadick, Michael E. Weinblatt, Michelle Frits, Christine Iannaccone, Agnes Zak and Joshua R. Korzenik

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:59

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Participant recruitment is an ongoing challenge in health research. Recruitment may be especially difficult for studies of access to health care because, even among those who are in care, people using services...

    Authors: Christopher J. Miller, James F. Burgess Jr., Ellen P. Fischer, Deborah J. Hodges, Lindsay K. Belanger, Jessica M. Lipschitz, Siena R. Easley, Christopher J. Koenig, Regina L. Stanley and Jeffrey M. Pyne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:57

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. It is recommended that authors assess and rep...

    Authors: Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M. Fernandes and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:48

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Vision influences functioning and disability of children with cerebral palsy, so there is a growing need for psychometrically robust tools to advance assessment of children’s vision abilities in clinical pract...

    Authors: Belinda Deramore Denver, Margareta Adolfsson, Elspeth Froude, Peter Rosenbaum and Christine Imms

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:46

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  30. Content type: Correspondence

    With the increasing implementation of web-based, mobile health interventions in clinical trials, it is crucial for researchers to address the security and privacy concerns of patient information according to h...

    Authors: Roy Eagleson, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Alex McInnis, Eva Welisch, Stefanie De Jesus, Harry Prapavessis, Meghan Rombeek, Jamie A. Seabrook, Teresa Park and Kambiz Norozi

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:43

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Reporting of adverse events in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) is encouraged by the authors of The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. With robust methodological design and adequa...

    Authors: Lindsay M. Gorrell, Roger M. Engel, Reidar P. Lystad and Benjamin T. Brown

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:41

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Proliferation of terms describing the science of effectively promoting and supporting the use of research evidence in healthcare policy and practice has hampered understanding and development of the field. To ...

    Authors: Peter Bragge, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Cynthia Lokker and Heather Colquhoun

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:38

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The development of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in hospitals offers the ability to reuse data from patient care activities for clinical research. EHR4CR is a European public-private partnership aiming to d...

    Authors: Yannick Girardeau, Justin Doods, Eric Zapletal, Gilles Chatellier, Christel Daniel, Anita Burgun, Martin Dugas and Bastien Rance

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:36

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The most rigorous method for evaluating the effectiveness of diagnostic tests is through randomised trials that compare test-treatment interventions: complex interventions comprising episodes of testing, decis...

    Authors: Lavinia Ferrante di Ruffano, Jacqueline Dinnes, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Clare Davenport, Chris Hyde and Jonathan J. Deeks

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:32

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing recognition for the need to expand our evidence base for the clinical effectiveness of diagnostic tests. Many international bodies are calling for diagnostic randomized controlled trials to ...

    Authors: Lavinia Ferrante di Ruffano, Jacqueline Dinnes, Alice J. Sitch, Chris Hyde and Jonathan J. Deeks

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:35

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  36. Content type: Research article

    There is a need for improving cohort retention in longitudinal studies. Our objective was to identify cohort retention strategies and implementation approaches used in studies with high retention rates.

    Authors: Martha Abshire, Victor D. Dinglas, Maan Isabella A. Cajita, Michelle N. Eakin, Dale M. Needham and Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:30

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In spite of efforts to employ risk-based strategies to increase monitoring efficiency in the academic setting, empirical evidence on their effectiveness remains sparse. This mixed-methods study aimed to evalua...

    Authors: Belinda von Niederhäusern, Annette Orleth, Sabine Schädelin, Nawal Rawi, Martin Velkopolszky, Claudia Becherer, Pascal Benkert, Priya Satalkar, Matthias Briel and Christiane Pauli-Magnus

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:26

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Linkage of administrative data sources often relies on probabilistic methods using a set of common identifiers (e.g. sex, date of birth, postcode). Variation in data quality on an individual or organisational ...

    Authors: Katie Harron, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ruth Gilbert and Harvey Goldstein

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:23

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Participation in epidemiological studies has strongly declined in recent years. We examined the reasons for (non)participation in population-based health studies among participants and nonparticipants of a pro...

    Authors: Manas K. Akmatov, Leonhard Jentsch, Peggy Riese, Marcus May, Malik W. Ahmed, Damaris Werner, Anja Rösel, Jana Prokein, Inga Bernemann, Norman Klopp, Blair Prochnow, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzman and Frank Pessler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:18

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In conducting population-based surveys, it is important to thoroughly examine and adjust for potential non-response bias to improve the representativeness of the sample prior to conducting analyses of the data...

    Authors: Nida H. Corry, Christianna S. Williams, Mike Battaglia, Hope Seib McMaster and Valerie A. Stander

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:16

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is paramount for shared and evidence based decision-making. Since an overview of cervical cancer HRQoL tools and their validity appears to be lacking, we performe...

    Authors: Casper Tax, Marlie E. Steenbergen, Petra L. M. Zusterzeel, Ruud L. M. Bekkers and Maroeska M. Rovers

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:15

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Formative programme evaluations assess intervention implementation processes, and are seen widely as a way of unlocking the ‘black box’ of any programme in order to explore and understand why a programme funct...

    Authors: Willem Odendaal, Salla Atkins and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:173

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Joint models for longitudinal and time-to-event data are commonly used to simultaneously analyse correlated data in single study cases. Synthesis of evidence from multiple studies using meta-analysis is a natu...

    Authors: Maria Sudell, Ruwanthi Kolamunnage-Dona and Catrin Tudur-Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:168

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:33

  44. Content type: Research article

    Research reporting results of clinical trials, psychosocial or technological interventions frequently omit critical details needed to inform implementation in practice. The aim of this article is to develop an...

    Authors: Amy Streater, Aimee Spector, Elisa Aguirre, Jacki Stansfeld and Martin Orrell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:167

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  45. Content type: Research article

    When conducting systematic reviews, it is essential to perform a comprehensive literature search to identify all published studies relevant to the specific research question. The Cochrane Collaborations Method...

    Authors: Thomas Aagaard, Hans Lund and Carsten Juhl

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:161

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Data capture is one of the most expensive phases during the conduct of a clinical trial and the increasing use of electronic health records (EHR) offers significant savings to clinical research. To facilitate ...

    Authors: Philipp Bruland, Mark McGilchrist, Eric Zapletal, Dionisio Acosta, Johann Proeve, Scott Askin, Thomas Ganslandt, Justin Doods and Martin Dugas

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:159

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is an increasingly used peer chain-recruitment method to sample “hard-to-reach” populations for whom there are no reliable sampling frames. Implementation success of RDS varies...

    Authors: Nathan John Lachowsky, Justin Tyler Sorge, Henry Fisher Raymond, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Ashleigh Rich, Eric A. Roth, Robert S. Hogg and David M. Moore

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:157

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Plasma cell dyscrasias (PCD) are a spectrum of disorders resulting from the clonal expansion of plasma cells, ranging from the pre-malignant condition monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) ...

    Authors: Krystal Bergin, Elizabeth Moore, Zoe McQuilten, Erica Wood, Bradley Augustson, Hilary Blacklock, Joy Ho, Noemi Horvath, Tracy King, John McNeil, Peter Mollee, Hang Quach, Christopher M. Reid, Brian Rosengarten, Patricia Walker and Andrew Spencer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:151

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Sufficiently detailed abstracts of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are important, because readers often base their assessment of a trial solely on information in the abstract. We aimed at comparing reporti...

    Authors: Jean Joel R. Bigna, Jean Jacques N. Noubiap, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Lewis N. Um, Paule Sandra D. Sime, Elvis Temfack and Mathurin Cyrille Tejiokem

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:138

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