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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The Health Care Module of the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) is aimed to obtain comparable information on the use of inpatient and ambulatory care in all EU member states. In this study we assessed th...

    Authors: J. Van der Heyden, R. Charafeddine, D. De Bacquer, J. Tafforeau and K. Van Herck

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:98

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Many health researchers are clinicians. Dual-role experiences are common for clinician-researchers in research involving patient-participants, even if not their own patients. To extend the existing body of lit...

    Authors: E. Jean C. Hay-Smith, Melanie Brown, Lynley Anderson and Gareth J. Treharne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:95

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The importance of respecting patients’ preferences when making treatment decisions is increasingly recognized. Efficiently retrieving papers from the scientific literature reporting on the presence and nature ...

    Authors: Ralph van Hoorn, Wietske Kievit, Andrew Booth, Kati Mozygemba, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Pietro Refolo, Dario Sacchini, Ansgar Gerhardus, Gert Jan van der Wilt and Marcia Tummers

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:88

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous evaluations have documented that studies evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions are not always reported, and that those with statistically significant results are published more rap...

    Authors: Daniël A. Korevaar, Nick van Es, Aeilko H. Zwinderman, Jérémie F. Cohen and Patrick M. M. Bossuyt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:68

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The volume and complexity of patient data – especially in personalised medicine – is steadily increasing, both regarding clinical data and genomic profiles: Typically more than 1,000 items (e.g., laboratory va...

    Authors: Martin Dugas, Alexandra Meidt, Philipp Neuhaus, Michael Storck and Julian Varghese

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:65

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Fatigue is the most frequent symptom reported by patients with chronic illnesses. As a subjective experience, fatigue is commonly assessed with patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Currently, there are m...

    Authors: Åsa Nordin, Charles Taft, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson and Anna Dencker

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:62

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Generic quality of life (QoL) instruments provide important measures of self-reported wellbeing that can be compared across healthy and clinical populations. The aim of this analysis is to validate the ten-ite...

    Authors: Ashley E. Muller, Svetlana Skurtveit and Thomas Clausen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:60

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to analyze whether Cochrane plain language summaries (PLSs) adhere to the Standards for the reporting of Plain Language Summaries in new Cochrane Intervention Reviews (PLEACS).

    Authors: Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Mahir Fidahic, Milan Vujcic, Frano Saric, Ivana Propadalo, Ivana Marelja, Svjetlana Dosenovic and Livia Puljak

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:61

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Patients presenting to the healthcare system with rotator cuff pathology do not always receive high quality care. High quality care occurs when a patient receives care that is accessible, appropriate, acceptab...

    Authors: Breda H. Eubank, Nicholas G. Mohtadi, Mark R. Lafave, J. Preston Wiley, Aaron J. Bois, Richard S. Boorman and David M. Sheps

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:56

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of multidisciplinary stroke rehabilitation interventions is challenging, even when the intervention is evidence-based. Very little is known about the implementation of complex interventions ...

    Authors: Julie A Luker, Louise E Craig, Leanne Bennett, Fiona Ellery, Peter Langhorne, Olivia Wu and Julie Bernhardt

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:52

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Waist, hip, and neck circumference measurements are cost-effective, non-invasive, useful markers for body fat distribution and disease risk. For epidemiology and intervention studies, including body circumfere...

    Authors: Pamela Barrios, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick and Carol Byrd-Bredbenner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:49

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown inconsistencies in results and difficulties in conceptualization of assessment of socioeconomic status (SES) among adolescents. The aim of this study was thus to test the validity of self-re...

    Authors: P. Svedberg, J. M. Nygren, C. Staland-Nyman and M. Nyholm

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:48

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To be able to make valid inferences on stated preference data from a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) it is essential that researchers know if participants were actively involved, understood and interpreted th...

    Authors: Jorien Veldwijk, Domino Determann, Mattijs S. Lambooij, Janine A. van Til, Ida J. Korfage, Esther W. de Bekker-Grob and G. Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:45

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Emerging communication technologies have had an impact on population-based telephone surveys worldwide. Our objective was to examine the potential biases of health estimates in South Australia, a state of Aust...

    Authors: Eleonora Dal Grande, Catherine R. Chittleborough, Stefano Campostrini and Anne W. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:44

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The use of comprehensive instruments for guideline appraisal is time-consuming and requires highly qualified personnel. Since practicing physicians are generally busy, the rapid-assessment Mini-Checklist (MiCh...

    Authors: Andrea Siebenhofer, Thomas Semlitsch, Thomas Herborn, Ulrich Siering, Ina Kopp and Johannes Hartig

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:39

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  16. Content type: Research article

    There is an increasing number of meta-analyses including data from non-randomized studies for therapeutic evaluation. We aimed to systematically assess the methods used in meta-analyses including non-randomize...

    Authors: Timor Faber, Philippe Ravaud, Carolina Riveros, Elodie Perrodeau and Agnes Dechartres

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:35

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Rates of youth violence are disproportionately high in many low- and middle-income countries [LMICs] but existing reviews of risk factors focus almost exclusively on high-income countries. Different search str...

    Authors: Yulia Shenderovich, Manuel Eisner, Christopher Mikton, Frances Gardner, Jianghong Liu and Joseph Murray

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:32

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinician surveys provide critical information about many facets of health care, but are often challenging to implement. Our objective was to assess use by participants and non-participants of a prepaid gift c...

    Authors: Jane S. Chen, Brian L. Sprague, Carrie N. Klabunde, Anna N. A. Tosteson, Asaf Bitton, Tracy Onega, Charles D. MacLean, Kimberly Harris, Marilyn M. Schapira and Jennifer S. Haas

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:25

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Blinding is a pivotal method to avoid bias in randomised clinical trials. In blinded drug trials, experimental and control interventions are often designed to be matched, i.e. to appear indistinguishable. It i...

    Authors: Segun Bello, Maoling Wei, Jørgen Hilden and Asbjørn Hróbjartsson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:18

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Scoping reviews are used to identify knowledge gaps, set research agendas, and identify implications for decision-making. The conduct and reporting of scoping reviews is inconsistent in the literature. We cond...

    Authors: Andrea C. Tricco, Erin Lillie, Wasifa Zarin, Kelly O’Brien, Heather Colquhoun, Monika Kastner, Danielle Levac, Carmen Ng, Jane Pearson Sharpe, Katherine Wilson, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Charlotte Wilson, Henry T. Stelfox and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:15

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Verbal autopsy (VA), the process of interviewing a deceased’s family or caregiver about signs and symptoms leading up to death, employs tools that ask a series of closed questions and can include an open narra...

    Authors: C. King, C. Zamawe, M. Banda, N. Bar-Zeev, J. Beard, J. Bird, A. Costello, P. Kazembe, D. Osrin and E. Fottrell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:13

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Health care researchers working in the Arabian Gulf need information on how to optimize recruitment and retention of study participants in extremely culturally diverse settings. Implemented in Doha, Qatar in 2...

    Authors: Amal Khidir, Humna Asad, Huda Abdelrahim, Maha Elnashar, Amal Killawi, Maya Hammoud, Abdul Latif Al-Khal, Pascale Haddad and Michael D. Fetters

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:10

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To describe approaches used in systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy studies for assessing variability in estimates of accuracy between studies and to provide guidance in this area.

    Authors: Christiana A. Naaktgeboren, Eleanor A. Ochodo, Wynanda A. Van Enst, Joris A. H. de Groot, Lotty Hooft, Mariska M. G. Leeflang, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Karel G. M. Moons and Johannes B. Reitsma

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:6

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Evidence mapping is an emerging tool used to systematically identify, organize and summarize the quantity and focus of scientific evidence on a broad topic, but there are currently no methodological standards....

    Authors: Ding Ding Wang, Marissa Shams-White, Oliver John M. Bright, J. Scott Parrott and Mei Chung

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:1

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chalmers and Glasziou’s paper published in 2014 recommends research funding bodies should mandate that proposals for additional primary research are built on systematic reviews of existing evidence showing wha...

    Authors: Sheetal Bhurke, Andrew Cook, Anna Tallant, Amanda Young, Elaine Williams and James Raftery

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:108

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Harvest plots are used to graphically display evidence from complex and diverse studies or results. Overviews of reviews bring together evidence from two or more systematic reviews. Our objective was to determ...

    Authors: Katelynn Crick, Aireen Wingert, Katrina Williams, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Denise Thomson and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:91

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Finding eligible studies for meta-analysis and systematic reviews relies on keyword-based searching as the gold standard, despite its inefficiency. Searching based on direct citations is not sufficiently compr...

    Authors: A. Cecile J W Janssens and M. Gwinn

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:84

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:97

  28. Content type: Research article

    Record linkage of existing individual health care data is an efficient way to answer important epidemiological research questions. Reuse of individual health-related data faces several problems: Either a uniqu...

    Authors: Kurt Schmidlin, Kerri M. Clough-Gorr and Adrian Spoerri

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:46

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Accurate blood pressure measurements are needed in clinical practice, intervention studies and health examination surveys. Blood pressure measurements are sensitive: their accuracy can be affected by measureme...

    Authors: Hanna Tolonen, Päivikki Koponen, Androniki Naska, Satu Männistö, Grazyna Broda, Tarja Palosaari and Kari Kuulasmaa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:33

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Missing data are common in medical research, which can lead to a loss in statistical power and potentially biased results if not handled appropriately. Multiple imputation (MI) is a statistical method, widely ...

    Authors: Panteha Hayati Rezvan, Katherine J Lee and Julie A Simpson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:30

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The COMET (Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials) Initiative is developing a publicly accessible online resource to collate the knowledge base for core outcome set development (COS) and the applied wor...

    Authors: Elizabeth Gargon, Paula R Williamson and Mike Clarke

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:26

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Large registries are important data sources in epidemiological studies of shock, if these registries are valid. Therefore, we examined the positive predictive value (PPV) of diagnosis codes for shock, the proc...

    Authors: Marie Dam Lauridsen, Henrik Gammelager, Morten Schmidt, Henrik Nielsen and Christian Fynbo Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:23

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Discrete Choice Experiments (DCEs) are increasingly used in studies in healthcare research but there is still little empirical evidence for the predictive value of these hypothetical situations in similar real...

    Authors: Mattijs S Lambooij, Irene A Harmsen, Jorien Veldwijk, Hester de Melker, Liesbeth Mollema, Yolanda WM van Weert and G Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:19

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In the present state of knowledge regarding the etiology of dental caries, it is unacceptable for studies addressing factors associated with this outcome to disregard oral hygiene. Simple, valid methods are ne...

    Authors: Giovana S Gil, Francine S Morikava, Gabriela C Santin, Tatiana P Pintarelli, Fabian C Fraiz and Fernanda M Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:14

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Use of administrative claims from multiple sources for research purposes is challenged by the lack of consistency in the structure of the underlying data and definition of data across claims data providers. Th...

    Authors: Erica A Voss, Qianli Ma and Patrick B Ryan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:13

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Conflicting findings on the validity of self-reported stroke from existing studies creates uncertainty about the appropriateness of using self-reported stroke in epidemiological research. We aimed to compare s...

    Authors: Caroline A Jackson, Gita D Mishra, Leigh Tooth, Julie Byles and Annette Dobson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:7

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In cancer screening trials where the primary outcome is target cancer-specific mortality, the unbiased determination of underlying cause of death (UCD) is crucial. To minimise bias, the UCD should be independe...

    Authors: Naomi J Williams, Elizabeth M Hill, Siaw Yein Ng, Richard M Martin, Chris Metcalfe, Jenny L Donovan, Simon Evans, Laura J Hughes, Charlotte F Davies, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal and Emma L Turner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:6

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI), the measure underlying the European indicator Healthy Life Years (HLY), is widely used to compare population health across countries. However, the comparability...

    Authors: Nicolas Berger, Herman Van Oyen, Emmanuelle Cambois, Tony Fouweather, Carol Jagger, Wilma Nusselder and Jean-Marie Robine

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:1

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Several authors have developed and applied methods to routine data sets to identify the nature and rate of complications following interventional procedures. But, to date, there has been no systematic search f...

    Authors: Kim Keltie, Helen Cole, Mick Arber, Hannah Patrick, John Powell, Bruce Campbell and Andrew Sims

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:126

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A number of cohort studies and longitudinal household panel studies in Great Britain have asked for consent to link survey data to administrative health data. We explore commonalities and differences in the pr...

    Authors: Gundi Knies and Jonathan Burton

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:125

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  41. Content type: Research article

    To allow an accurate evaluation of abstracts of systematic reviews, the PRISMA Statement recommends that the limitations of the evidence (e.g., risk of bias, publication bias, inconsistency, imprecision) shoul...

    Authors: Amélie Yavchitz, Philippe Ravaud, Sally Hopewell, Gabriel Baron and Isabelle Boutron

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:123

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Syntheses of qualitative studies can inform health policy, services and our understanding of patient experience. Meta-ethnography is a systematic seven-phase interpretive qualitative synthesis approach well-su...

    Authors: Emma F France, Nicola Ring, Rebecca Thomas, Jane Noyes, Margaret Maxwell and Ruth Jepson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:119

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The study aimed to investigate the meaning patients assign to two measures of quality of life: the Schedule for Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW) and the SEIQoL-DW Disease R...

    Authors: Lena Wettergren, Mathilde Hedlund Lindberg, Åsa Kettis, Bengt Glimelius and Lena Ring

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:115

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Randomised controlled trials (RCT) are highly influential upon medical decisions. Thus RCTs must not distort the truth. One threat to internal trial validity is the correct prediction of future allocations (se...

    Authors: Steffen Mickenautsch, Bo Fu, Sheila Gudehithlu and Vance W Berger

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:114

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  45. Content type: Technical advance

    The importance of findings derived from syntheses of qualitative research has been increasingly acknowledged. Findings that arise from qualitative syntheses inform questions of practice and policy in their own...

    Authors: Zachary Munn, Kylie Porritt, Craig Lockwood, Edoardo Aromataris and Alan Pearson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:108

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Video stimulated recall (VSR) is a method of enhancing participants’ accounts of the consultation using a video recording of the event to encourage and prompt recall in a post consultation interview. VSR is us...

    Authors: Zoe Paskins, Gretl McHugh and Andrew B Hassell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:101

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