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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Linkage of administrative data sources often relies on probabilistic methods using a set of common identifiers (e.g. sex, date of birth, postcode). Variation in data quality on an individual or organisational ...

    Authors: Katie Harron, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ruth Gilbert and Harvey Goldstein

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:23

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Participation in epidemiological studies has strongly declined in recent years. We examined the reasons for (non)participation in population-based health studies among participants and nonparticipants of a pro...

    Authors: Manas K. Akmatov, Leonhard Jentsch, Peggy Riese, Marcus May, Malik W. Ahmed, Damaris Werner, Anja Rösel, Jana Prokein, Inga Bernemann, Norman Klopp, Blair Prochnow, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzman and Frank Pessler

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:18

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In conducting population-based surveys, it is important to thoroughly examine and adjust for potential non-response bias to improve the representativeness of the sample prior to conducting analyses of the data...

    Authors: Nida H. Corry, Christianna S. Williams, Mike Battaglia, Hope Seib McMaster and Valerie A. Stander

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:16

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is paramount for shared and evidence based decision-making. Since an overview of cervical cancer HRQoL tools and their validity appears to be lacking, we performe...

    Authors: Casper Tax, Marlie E. Steenbergen, Petra L. M. Zusterzeel, Ruud L. M. Bekkers and Maroeska M. Rovers

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:15

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Formative programme evaluations assess intervention implementation processes, and are seen widely as a way of unlocking the ‘black box’ of any programme in order to explore and understand why a programme funct...

    Authors: Willem Odendaal, Salla Atkins and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:173

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Joint models for longitudinal and time-to-event data are commonly used to simultaneously analyse correlated data in single study cases. Synthesis of evidence from multiple studies using meta-analysis is a natu...

    Authors: Maria Sudell, Ruwanthi Kolamunnage-Dona and Catrin Tudur-Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:168

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018 18:33

  7. Content type: Research article

    Research reporting results of clinical trials, psychosocial or technological interventions frequently omit critical details needed to inform implementation in practice. The aim of this article is to develop an...

    Authors: Amy Streater, Aimee Spector, Elisa Aguirre, Jacki Stansfeld and Martin Orrell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:167

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  8. Content type: Research article

    When conducting systematic reviews, it is essential to perform a comprehensive literature search to identify all published studies relevant to the specific research question. The Cochrane Collaborations Method...

    Authors: Thomas Aagaard, Hans Lund and Carsten Juhl

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:161

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Data capture is one of the most expensive phases during the conduct of a clinical trial and the increasing use of electronic health records (EHR) offers significant savings to clinical research. To facilitate ...

    Authors: Philipp Bruland, Mark McGilchrist, Eric Zapletal, Dionisio Acosta, Johann Proeve, Scott Askin, Thomas Ganslandt, Justin Doods and Martin Dugas

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:159

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is an increasingly used peer chain-recruitment method to sample “hard-to-reach” populations for whom there are no reliable sampling frames. Implementation success of RDS varies...

    Authors: Nathan John Lachowsky, Justin Tyler Sorge, Henry Fisher Raymond, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Ashleigh Rich, Eric A. Roth, Robert S. Hogg and David M. Moore

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:157

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Plasma cell dyscrasias (PCD) are a spectrum of disorders resulting from the clonal expansion of plasma cells, ranging from the pre-malignant condition monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) ...

    Authors: Krystal Bergin, Elizabeth Moore, Zoe McQuilten, Erica Wood, Bradley Augustson, Hilary Blacklock, Joy Ho, Noemi Horvath, Tracy King, John McNeil, Peter Mollee, Hang Quach, Christopher M. Reid, Brian Rosengarten, Patricia Walker and Andrew Spencer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:151

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Sufficiently detailed abstracts of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are important, because readers often base their assessment of a trial solely on information in the abstract. We aimed at comparing reporti...

    Authors: Jean Joel R. Bigna, Jean Jacques N. Noubiap, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Lewis N. Um, Paule Sandra D. Sime, Elvis Temfack and Mathurin Cyrille Tejiokem

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:138

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Population-based registries are increasingly used to recruit patient samples for research, however, they have several limitations including low consent and participation rates, and potential selection bias. To...

    Authors: Jamie Bryant, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Elizabeth Fradgley, Breanne Hobden, Alison Zucca, Frans Henskens, Andrew Searles, Brad Webb and Christopher Oldmeadow

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:134

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Reporting adherence to intervention delivery and uptake is a detailed way of describing what was actually delivered and received, in comparison to what was intended. Measuring and reporting adherence is not routi...

    Authors: Liz Graham, Judy Wright, Rebecca Walwyn, Amy M. Russell, Louise Bryant, Amanda Farrin and Allan House

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:132

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to evaluate a pilot program that allowed Chicago field center participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study to submit follow-up information...

    Authors: Kiarri N. Kershaw, Kiang Liu, David C. Goff Jr., Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Laura J. Rasmussen-Torvik, Jared P. Reis, Pamela J. Schreiner, Daniel B. Garside and Stephen Sidney

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:125

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Mobile technology has opened opportunities within health care and research to allow for frequent monitoring of patients. This has given rise to detailed longitudinal information and new insights concerning beh...

    Authors: Iben Axén and Lennart Bodin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:119

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Rapid reviews are of increasing importance within health technology assessment due to time and resource constraints. There are many rapid review methods available although there is little guidance as to the mo...

    Authors: Eva Kaltenthaler, Katy Cooper, Abdullah Pandor, Marrissa Martyn-St. James, Robin Chatters and Ruth Wong

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:108

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis is commonly recommended for use, due to its benefits on external validity, in randomized, controlled trials (RCTs). No published reports describe how ITT analysis, as well as ...

    Authors: Robert D. Beckett, Kathryn C. Loeser, Kathryn R. Bowman and Trent G. Towne

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:106

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  19. Content type: Research article

    One of the main challenges for drug evaluation in rare diseases is the often heterogeneous course of these diseases. Traditional outcome measures may not be applicable for all patients, when they are in differ...

    Authors: Charlotte M. W. Gaasterland, Marijke C. Jansen-van der Weide, Stephanie S. Weinreich and Johanna H. van der Lee

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:99

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The Health Care Module of the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) is aimed to obtain comparable information on the use of inpatient and ambulatory care in all EU member states. In this study we assessed th...

    Authors: J. Van der Heyden, R. Charafeddine, D. De Bacquer, J. Tafforeau and K. Van Herck

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:98

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