Skip to content

Advertisement

Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

Page 4 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems (HDSS) have been instrumental in advancing population and health research in low- and middle- income countries where vital registration systems are often weak. Howev...

    Authors: Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Benjamin D Clark, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen Tollman, Jane Menken and Georges Reniers

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:71

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    The Project on a Framework for Rating Evidence in Public Health (PRECEPT) was initiated and is being funded by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to define a methodology for evaluati...

    Authors: Thomas Harder, Anja Takla, Eva Rehfuess, Alex Sánchez-Vivar, Dorothea Matysiak-Klose, Tim Eckmanns, Gérard Krause, Helena de Carvalho Gomes, Andreas Jansen, Simon Ellis, Frode Forland, Roberta James, Joerg J Meerpohl, Antony Morgan, Holger Schünemann, Teun Zuiderent-Jerak…

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:69

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Split-mouth randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are popular in oral health research. Meta-analyses frequently include trials of both split-mouth and parallel-arm designs to derive combined intervention effects...

    Authors: Violaine Smaïl-Faugeron, Hélène Fron-Chabouis, Frédéric Courson and Pierre Durieux

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:64

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:72

  4. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing interest in innovative methods to carry out systematic reviews of complex interventions. Theory-based approaches, such as logic models, have been suggested as a means of providing additiona...

    Authors: Susan K Baxter, Lindsay Blank, Helen Buckley Woods, Nick Payne, Melanie Rimmer and Elizabeth Goyder

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:62

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Technical advance

    Evaluating the methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines is essential before deciding which ones which could best inform policy or practice. One current method of evaluating clinical guideline qua...

    Authors: Karen Grimmer, Janine Margarita Dizon, Steve Milanese, Ellena King, Kate Beaton, Olivia Thorpe, Lucylynn Lizarondo, Julie Luker, Zuzana Machotka and Saravana Kumar

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:63

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Cluster-based studies in health research are increasing. An important characteristic of such studies is the presence of intracluster correlation, typically quantified by the intracluster correlation coefficien...

    Authors: Giuliane J Lajos, Samira M Haddad, Ricardo P Tedesco, Renato Passini Jr, Tabata Z Dias, Marcelo L Nomura, Patrícia M Rheder, Maria H Sousa and Jose G Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:54

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Technical advance

    Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases have expressed a need for more frequent measurement of relevant outcomes, due to the variations in their symptoms during the day and from day to day. At present, p...

    Authors: Anne Christie, Hanne Dagfinrud, Øystein Dale, Trenton Schulz and Kåre Birger Hagen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:52

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Self- administered questionnaires or interviews and medical records are often used as sources of research data; thus it is essential to evaluate their concordance and reliability. The aim of this paper was to ...

    Authors: Jennifer R Bai, Dhritiman V Mukherjee, Montina Befus, Zoltan Apa, Franklin D Lowy and Elaine L Larson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:50

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Systematic Reviews (SRs) of experimental animal studies are not yet common practice, but awareness of the merits of conducting such SRs is steadily increasing. As animal intervention studies differ from random...

    Authors: Carlijn R Hooijmans, Maroeska M Rovers, Rob BM de Vries, Marlies Leenaars, Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga and Miranda W Langendam

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:43

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Before considering whether to use a multivariable (diagnostic or prognostic) prediction model, it is essential that its performance be evaluated in data that were not used to develop the model (referred to as ...

    Authors: Gary S Collins, Joris A de Groot, Susan Dutton, Omar Omar, Milensu Shanyinde, Abdelouahid Tajar, Merryn Voysey, Rose Wharton, Ly-Mee Yu, Karel G Moons and Douglas G Altman

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:40

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Data on HCV-related cirrhosis progression are scarce in developing countries in general, and in Egypt in particular. The objective of this study was to estimate the probability of death and transition between ...

    Authors: Anthony Cousien, Dorothée Obach, Sylvie Deuffic-Burban, Aya Mostafa, Gamal Esmat, Valérie Canva, Mohamed El Kassas, Mohammad El-Sayed, Wagida A Anwar, Arnaud Fontanet, Mostafa K Mohamed and Yazdan Yazdanpanah

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:39

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Health professionals’ behaviour is a key component in compliance with evidence-based recommendations. Opinion leaders are an oft-used method of influencing such behaviours in implementation studies, but reliab...

    Authors: Katherine Farley, Andria Hanbury and Carl Thompson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:38

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Drawing conclusions from systematic reviews of test accuracy studies without considering the methodological quality (risk of bias) of included studies may lead to unwarranted optimism about the value of the te...

    Authors: Eleanor A Ochodo, Wynanda A van Enst, Christiana A Naaktgeboren, Joris AH de Groot, Lotty Hooft, Karel GM Moons, Johannes B Reitsma, Patrick M Bossuyt and Mariska MG Leeflang

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:33

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    To examine empirically whether the mean difference (MD) or the standardised mean difference (SMD) is more generalizable and statistically powerful in meta-analyses of continuous outcomes when the same unit is ...

    Authors: Nozomi Takeshima, Takashi Sozu, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Yu Hayasaka and Toshiaki A Furukawa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:30

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    There is growing recognition of the value of conducting qualitative research with trials in health research. It is timely to reflect on how this qualitative research is presented in grant proposals to identify...

    Authors: Sarah J Drabble, Alicia O’Cathain, Kate J Thomas, Anne Rudolph and Jenny Hewison

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:24

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) is a cross-sectional survey that has collected information on health determinants, health status and the utilization of the health system in Canada since 2001. Sever...

    Authors: Dean W Yergens, Daniel J Dutton and Scott B Patten

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014 14:15

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Reference management software programs enable researchers to more easily organize and manage large volumes of references typically identified during the production of systematic reviews. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Diane L Lorenzetti and William A Ghali

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:141

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Patient registries represent a well-established methodology for prospective data collection with a wide array of applications for clinical research and health care administration. An examination and synthesis ...

    Authors: Lawrence Korngut, Gail MacKean, Lisa Casselman, Megan Johnston, Lundy Day, Darren Lam, Diane Lorenzetti, Janet Warner, Nathalie Jetté and Tamara Pringsheim

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:135

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    The benefits of stroke unit care in terms of reducing death, dependency and institutional care were demonstrated in a 2009 Cochrane review carried out by the Stroke Unit Trialists’ Collaboration.

    Authors: Ying Sun, Dominique Paulus, Maria Eyssen, Johan Maervoet and Omer Saka

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:132

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Recent research indicates a high recall in Google Scholar searches for systematic reviews. These reports raised high expectations of Google Scholar as a unified and easy to use search interface. However, studi...

    Authors: Martin Boeker, Werner Vach and Edith Motschall

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:131

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Previous reviews of cluster randomised trials have been critical of the quality of the trials reviewed, but none has explored determinants of the quality of these trials in a specific field over an extended pe...

    Authors: Karla Diaz-Ordaz, Robert Froud, Bart Sheehan and Sandra Eldridge

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:127

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The development and evaluation of complex interventions in healthcare has obtained increased awareness. The Medical Research Council’s (MRC) framework for the development and evaluation of complex intervention...

    Authors: Ralph Möhler, Gabriele Bartoszek and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:125

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Administrative data are a valuable source of estimates of diabetes prevalence for groups such as coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to measure concordance between medical ...

    Authors: Lee Nedkoff, Matthew Knuiman, Joseph Hung, Frank M Sanfilippo, Judith M Katzenellenbogen and Tom G Briffa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:121

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Technical advance

    Systematic review methodologies can be harnessed to help researchers to understand and explain how complex interventions may work. Typically, when reviewing complex interventions, a review team will seek to un...

    Authors: Andrew Booth, Janet Harris, Elizabeth Croot, Jane Springett, Fiona Campbell and Emma Wilkins

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:118

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Assessing the risk of bias of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is crucial to understand how biases affect treatment effect estimates. A number of tools have been developed to evaluate risk of bias of RCTs; ...

    Authors: Susan Armijo-Olivo, Jorge Fuentes, Maria Ospina, Humam Saltaji and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:116

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Questionnaires are valuable for population surveys of mental health. Different survey instruments may however give different results. The present study compares two mental health instruments, the Major Depress...

    Authors: Sannie Vester Thorsen, Reiner Rugulies, Pernille U Hjarsbech and Jakob Bue Bjorner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:115

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this project was to investigate the reliability of a new 11-item quality appraisal tool for studies of diagnostic reliability (QAREL). The tool was tested on studies reporting the reliability of any...

    Authors: Nicholas Lucas, Petra Macaskill, Les Irwig, Robert Moran, Luke Rickards, Robin Turner and Nikolai Bogduk

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:111

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Poor response rates can jeopardise the validity of the findings of epidemiological surveys. The aim of this study was to undertake a randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of different stra...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Glenny, Helen V Worthington, Keith M Milsom, Eric Rooney and Martin Tickle

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:108

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Critics of systematic reviews have argued that these studies often fail to inform clinical decision making because their results are far too general, that the data are sparse, such that findings cannot be appl...

    Authors: Joel J Gagnier, Hal Morgenstern, Doug G Altman, Jesse Berlin, Stephanie Chang, Peter McCulloch, Xin Sun and David Moher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:106

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Open-label, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are subject to observer bias. If patient management is conducted without blinding, a difference between groups may be explained by other factors than study treat...

    Authors: Rémy Boussageon, Irène Supper, Sylvie Erpeldinger, Michel Cucherat, Theodora Bejan-Angoulvant, Behrouz Kassai, Catherine Cornu and François Gueyffier

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:107

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Primary care databases are a major source of data for epidemiological and health services research. However, most studies are based on coded information, ignoring information stored in free text. Using the ear...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ford, Amanda Nicholson, Rob Koeling, A Rosemary Tate, John Carroll, Lesley Axelrod, Helen E Smith, Greta Rait, Kevin A Davies, Irene Petersen, Tim Williams and Jackie A Cassell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:105

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Respondent driven sampling (RDS) was designed for sampling “hidden” populations and intended as a means of generating unbiased population estimates. Its widespread use has been accompanied by increasing scruti...

    Authors: John L Wylie and Ann M Jolly

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:93

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    PubMed translations of OvidSP Medline search filters offer searchers improved ease of access. They may also facilitate access to PubMed’s unique content, including citations for the most recently published bio...

    Authors: Raechel A Damarell, Jennifer J Tieman and Ruth M Sladek

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:86

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    This study proposes a new approach for investigating bias in self-reported data on height and weight among adolescents by studying the relevance of participants’ self-reported response capability. The objectiv...

    Authors: Mette Rasmussen, Bjørn E Holstein, Ole Melkevik and Mogens Trab Damsgaard

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:85

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    The inclusion of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported in conference abstracts in systematic reviews is controversial, partly because study design information and risk of bias is often not fully reporte...

    Authors: Roberta W Scherer, Lynn Huynh, Ann-Margret Ervin, Jakeisha Taylor and Kay Dickersin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:79

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Correspondence

    Conducting a pilot trial is important in preparing for, and justifying investment in, the ensuing larger trial. Pilot trials using the same design and methods as the subsequent main trial are ethically and fin...

    Authors: Georgina Charlesworth, Karen Burnell, Juanita Hoe, Martin Orrell and Ian Russell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:78

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Correspondence

    Healthcare delivery is largely accomplished in and through conversations between people, and healthcare quality and effectiveness depend enormously upon the communication practices employed within these conver...

    Authors: Ruth H Parry and Victoria Land

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:69

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Administrative databases and cancer registries are frequently used to conduct population-based research, but often lack clinical data necessary for risk stratification. Our objective was to determine the crite...

    Authors: Sumit Gupta, Jason D Pole, Astrid Guttmann and Lillian Sung

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:68

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Accelerometer cutpoints based on absolute intensity may under or overestimate levels of physical activity due to the lack of consideration for an individual’s current fitness level. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: Cemal Ozemek, Heather L Cochran, Scott J Strath, Wonwoo Byun and Leonard A Kaminsky

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:53

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Discordance between dialysis registry and death certificate reported death has been demonstrated. Since cause of death is measured using registry data in dialysis patients and death certificate data in the gen...

    Authors: Jean-Philippe Lafrance, Elham Rahme, Sameena Iqbal, Martine Leblanc, Vincent Pichette, Naoual Elftouh and Michel Vallée

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:51

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    A systematic review, with or without a meta-analysis, should be undertaken to determine if the research question of interest has already been answered before a new trial begins. There has been limited research...

    Authors: Ashley P Jones, Elizabeth Conroy, Paula R Williamson, Mike Clarke and Carrol Gamble

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:50

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    In recent years response rates on telephone surveys have been declining. Rates for the behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) have also declined, prompting the use of new methods of weighting and t...

    Authors: Carol Pierannunzi, Shaohua Sean Hu and Lina Balluz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:49

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Studies that systematically search for and synthesise qualitative research are becoming more evident in health care, and they can make an important contribution to patient care. However, there is still no agre...

    Authors: Francine Toye, Kate Seers, Nick Allcock, Michelle Briggs, Eloise Carr, JoyAnn Andrews and Karen Barker

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:46

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Many prognostic models have been developed. Different types of models, i.e. prognostic factor and outcome prediction studies, serve different purposes, which should be reflected in how the results are summariz...

    Authors: Tobias van den Berg, Martijn W Heymans, Stephanie S Leone, David Vergouw, Jill A Hayden, Arianne P Verhagen and Henrica CW de Vet

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:42

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Correspondence

    Following publication of the first worked example of the “best fit” method of evidence synthesis for the systematic review of qualitative evidence in this journal, the originators of the method identified a ne...

    Authors: Christopher Carroll, Andrew Booth, Joanna Leaviss and Jo Rick

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:37

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported weight and height is frequently used to quantify overweight and obesity. It is however, associated with limitations such as bias and poor agreement, which may be a result of social desirability o...

    Authors: Sze Lin Yoong, Mariko Leanne Carey, Catherine D’Este and Robert William Sanson-Fisher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:38

    Published on: