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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Livia Puljak

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this project was to investigate the reliability of a new 11-item quality appraisal tool for studies of diagnostic reliability (QAREL). The tool was tested on studies reporting the reliability of any...

    Authors: Nicholas Lucas, Petra Macaskill, Les Irwig, Robert Moran, Luke Rickards, Robin Turner and Nikolai Bogduk

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:111

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Poor response rates can jeopardise the validity of the findings of epidemiological surveys. The aim of this study was to undertake a randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of different stra...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Glenny, Helen V Worthington, Keith M Milsom, Eric Rooney and Martin Tickle

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:108

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Open-label, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are subject to observer bias. If patient management is conducted without blinding, a difference between groups may be explained by other factors than study treat...

    Authors: Rémy Boussageon, Irène Supper, Sylvie Erpeldinger, Michel Cucherat, Theodora Bejan-Angoulvant, Behrouz Kassai, Catherine Cornu and François Gueyffier

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:107

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Critics of systematic reviews have argued that these studies often fail to inform clinical decision making because their results are far too general, that the data are sparse, such that findings cannot be appl...

    Authors: Joel J Gagnier, Hal Morgenstern, Doug G Altman, Jesse Berlin, Stephanie Chang, Peter McCulloch, Xin Sun and David Moher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:106

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Primary care databases are a major source of data for epidemiological and health services research. However, most studies are based on coded information, ignoring information stored in free text. Using the ear...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ford, Amanda Nicholson, Rob Koeling, A Rosemary Tate, John Carroll, Lesley Axelrod, Helen E Smith, Greta Rait, Kevin A Davies, Irene Petersen, Tim Williams and Jackie A Cassell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:105

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Respondent driven sampling (RDS) was designed for sampling “hidden” populations and intended as a means of generating unbiased population estimates. Its widespread use has been accompanied by increasing scruti...

    Authors: John L Wylie and Ann M Jolly

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:93

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  7. Content type: Research article

    PubMed translations of OvidSP Medline search filters offer searchers improved ease of access. They may also facilitate access to PubMed’s unique content, including citations for the most recently published bio...

    Authors: Raechel A Damarell, Jennifer J Tieman and Ruth M Sladek

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:86

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This study proposes a new approach for investigating bias in self-reported data on height and weight among adolescents by studying the relevance of participants’ self-reported response capability. The objectiv...

    Authors: Mette Rasmussen, Bjørn E Holstein, Ole Melkevik and Mogens Trab Damsgaard

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:85

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The inclusion of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported in conference abstracts in systematic reviews is controversial, partly because study design information and risk of bias is often not fully reporte...

    Authors: Roberta W Scherer, Lynn Huynh, Ann-Margret Ervin, Jakeisha Taylor and Kay Dickersin

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:79

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  10. Content type: Correspondence

    Conducting a pilot trial is important in preparing for, and justifying investment in, the ensuing larger trial. Pilot trials using the same design and methods as the subsequent main trial are ethically and fin...

    Authors: Georgina Charlesworth, Karen Burnell, Juanita Hoe, Martin Orrell and Ian Russell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:78

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  11. Content type: Correspondence

    Healthcare delivery is largely accomplished in and through conversations between people, and healthcare quality and effectiveness depend enormously upon the communication practices employed within these conver...

    Authors: Ruth H Parry and Victoria Land

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:69

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Administrative databases and cancer registries are frequently used to conduct population-based research, but often lack clinical data necessary for risk stratification. Our objective was to determine the crite...

    Authors: Sumit Gupta, Jason D Pole, Astrid Guttmann and Lillian Sung

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:68

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Accelerometer cutpoints based on absolute intensity may under or overestimate levels of physical activity due to the lack of consideration for an individual’s current fitness level. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: Cemal Ozemek, Heather L Cochran, Scott J Strath, Wonwoo Byun and Leonard A Kaminsky

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:53

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Discordance between dialysis registry and death certificate reported death has been demonstrated. Since cause of death is measured using registry data in dialysis patients and death certificate data in the gen...

    Authors: Jean-Philippe Lafrance, Elham Rahme, Sameena Iqbal, Martine Leblanc, Vincent Pichette, Naoual Elftouh and Michel Vallée

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:51

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  15. Content type: Research article

    A systematic review, with or without a meta-analysis, should be undertaken to determine if the research question of interest has already been answered before a new trial begins. There has been limited research...

    Authors: Ashley P Jones, Elizabeth Conroy, Paula R Williamson, Mike Clarke and Carrol Gamble

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:50

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In recent years response rates on telephone surveys have been declining. Rates for the behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) have also declined, prompting the use of new methods of weighting and t...

    Authors: Carol Pierannunzi, Shaohua Sean Hu and Lina Balluz

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:49

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Studies that systematically search for and synthesise qualitative research are becoming more evident in health care, and they can make an important contribution to patient care. However, there is still no agre...

    Authors: Francine Toye, Kate Seers, Nick Allcock, Michelle Briggs, Eloise Carr, JoyAnn Andrews and Karen Barker

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:46

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Many prognostic models have been developed. Different types of models, i.e. prognostic factor and outcome prediction studies, serve different purposes, which should be reflected in how the results are summariz...

    Authors: Tobias van den Berg, Martijn W Heymans, Stephanie S Leone, David Vergouw, Jill A Hayden, Arianne P Verhagen and Henrica CW de Vet

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:42

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported weight and height is frequently used to quantify overweight and obesity. It is however, associated with limitations such as bias and poor agreement, which may be a result of social desirability o...

    Authors: Sze Lin Yoong, Mariko Leanne Carey, Catherine D’Este and Robert William Sanson-Fisher

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:38

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  20. Content type: Correspondence

    Following publication of the first worked example of the “best fit” method of evidence synthesis for the systematic review of qualitative evidence in this journal, the originators of the method identified a ne...

    Authors: Christopher Carroll, Andrew Booth, Joanna Leaviss and Jo Rick

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:37

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, hospitals can deliver data from patients with pelvic fractures selectively or twofold to two different trauma registries, i.e. the German Pelvic Injury Register (PIR) and the TraumaRegister DGU® (T...

    Authors: Markus Burkhardt, Ulrike Nienaber, Joerg H Holstein, Ulf Culemann, Bertil Bouillon, Emin Aghayev, Thomas Paffrath, Marc Maegele, Tim Pohlemann and Rolf Lefering

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:30

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Statutory State-based cancer registries are considered the ‘gold standard’ for researchers identifying cancer cases in Australia, but research using self-report or administrative health datasets (e.g. hospital...

    Authors: Anna Kemp, David B Preen, Christobel Saunders, C D’Arcy J Holman, Max Bulsara, Kris Rogers and Elizabeth E Roughead

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:17

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests that there are a number of factors which can be associated with delay in a patient seeking professional help following chest pain, including demographic and social factors. These factors may ...

    Authors: Susan K Baxter and Peter Allmark

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:15

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In research with long-term follow-up and repeated measurements, quick and complete response to questionnaires helps ensure a study’s validity, precision and efficiency. Evidence on the effect of non-monetary i...

    Authors: Lonneke B van der Mark, Karina E van Wonderen, Jacob Mohrs, Patrick JE Bindels, Milo A Puhan and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:186

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  25. Content type: Correspondence

    The syntheses of multiple qualitative studies can pull together data across different contexts, generate new theoretical or conceptual models, identify research gaps, and provide evidence for the development, ...

    Authors: Allison Tong, Kate Flemming, Elizabeth McInnes, Sandy Oliver and Jonathan Craig

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:181

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Studies on the health benefits from breastfeeding often rely on maternal recall of breastfeeding. Although short-term maternal recall has been found to be quite accurate, less is known about long-term accuracy...

    Authors: Siv Tone Natland, Lene Frost Andersen, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Siri Forsmo and Geir W Jacobsen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:179

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported anthropometric data are commonly used to estimate prevalence of obesity in population and community-based studies. We aim to: 1) Determine whether survey participants are able and willing to self...

    Authors: Anna L Bowring, Anna Peeters, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Megan SC Lim, Maelenn Gouillou and Margaret Hellard

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:175

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Adherences to treatments that require a behavioral action often rely on self-reported recall, yet it is vital to determine whether real time self reporting of adherence using a simple logbook accurately captur...

    Authors: Brianne A Jeffrey, Marian T Hannan, Emily K Quinn, Sheryl Zimmerman, Bruce A Barton, Clinton T Rubin and Douglas P Kiel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:171

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  29. Content type: Correspondence

    Modelling studies are used widely to help inform decisions about health care and policy and their use is increasing. However, in order for modelling to gain strength as a tool for health policy, it is critical...

    Authors: Carol Bennett and Douglas G Manuel

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:168

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The longitudinal birth cohort study is the preferred design for studies of childhood health, particularly atopic disease. Still, prospective data collection depends on recollection of the medical history since...

    Authors: Nadja Hawwa Vissing, Signe Marie Jensen and Hans Bisgaard

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:160

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  31. Content type: Research article

    With the increasing use of probabilistically linked administrative data in health research, it is important to understand whether systematic differences occur between the populations with linked and unlinked r...

    Authors: Jason P Bentley, Jane B Ford, Lee K Taylor, Katie A Irvine and Christine L Roberts

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:149

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Various options exist for collecting biospecimens and biomarkers from cohort study participants, and these have important logistic, resource and scientific implications. Evidence on how different collection me...

    Authors: Emily Banks, Nicol Herbert, Kris Rogers, Tanya Mather and Louisa Jorm

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:147

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  33. Content type: Correspondence

    The Drug Effectiveness Review Project was initiated in 2003 in response to dramatic increases in the cost of pharmaceuticals, which lessened the purchasing power of state Medicaid budgets. A collaborative grou...

    Authors: Marian S McDonagh, Daniel E Jonas, Gerald Gartlehner, Alison Little, Kim Peterson, Susan Carson, Mark Gibson and Mark Helfand

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:140

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  34. Content type: Research article

    As part of our research programme into facilitating improved ways of communicating with patients, especially about more sensitive clinical issues, we have been investigating whether there are any non-verbal me...

    Authors: Helen R Carruthers, Linda Magee, Susan Osborne, Linda K Hall and Peter J Whorwell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:136

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Databases used to study the care of patients in hospitals and Intensive Care Units (ICUs) typically contain a separate entry for each segment of hospital or ICU care. However, it is not uncommon for patients t...

    Authors: Randy Fransoo, Marina Yogendran, Kendiss Olafson, Clare Ramsey, Kari-Lynne McGowan and Allan Garland

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:133

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) may be discontinued because of apparent harm, benefit, or futility. Other RCTs are discontinued early because of insufficient recruitment. Trial discontinuation has ethical ...

    Authors: Benjamin Kasenda, Erik B von Elm, John You, Anette Blümle, Yuki Tomonaga, Ramon Saccilotto, Alain Amstutz, Theresa Bengough, Jörg Meerpohl, Mihaela Stegert, Kari A O Tikkinen, Ignacio Neumann, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Markus Faulhaber, Sohail Mulla, Dominik Mertz…

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:131

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  37. Content type: Research article

    A systematic review is used to investigate the best available evidence of clinical safety and effectiveness of healthcare intervention. This requires methodological rigor in order to minimize bias and random e...

    Authors: Hyun-Ju Seo and Kyeong Uoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:129

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Retaining participants in cohort studies with multiple follow-up waves is difficult. Commonly, researchers are faced with the problem of missing data, which may introduce biased results as well as a loss of st...

    Authors: Amalia Karahalios, Laura Baglietto, John B Carlin, Dallas R English and Julie A Simpson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:96

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are under-reported in administrative health datasets in NSW, Australia. Correct reporting of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is essential to measure ...

    Authors: Lee K Taylor, Jason Bentley, Jennifer Hunt, Richard Madden, Sybille McKeown, Peter Brandt and Deborah Baker

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:91

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  40. Content type: Correspondence

    Local and regional scientific journals are important factors in bridging gaps in health knowledge translation in low-and middle-income countries. We assessed indexing, citations and publishing standards of jou...

    Authors: Ana Utrobičić, Nauman Chaudhry, Abdul Ghaffar and Ana Marušić

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012 12:66

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