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Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Scoping reviews are used to identify knowledge gaps, set research agendas, and identify implications for decision-making. The conduct and reporting of scoping reviews is inconsistent in the literature. We cond...

    Authors: Andrea C. Tricco, Erin Lillie, Wasifa Zarin, Kelly O’Brien, Heather Colquhoun, Monika Kastner, Danielle Levac, Carmen Ng, Jane Pearson Sharpe, Katherine Wilson, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Charlotte Wilson, Henry T. Stelfox and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:15

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Verbal autopsy (VA), the process of interviewing a deceased’s family or caregiver about signs and symptoms leading up to death, employs tools that ask a series of closed questions and can include an open narra...

    Authors: C. King, C. Zamawe, M. Banda, N. Bar-Zeev, J. Beard, J. Bird, A. Costello, P. Kazembe, D. Osrin and E. Fottrell

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:13

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Health care researchers working in the Arabian Gulf need information on how to optimize recruitment and retention of study participants in extremely culturally diverse settings. Implemented in Doha, Qatar in 2...

    Authors: Amal Khidir, Humna Asad, Huda Abdelrahim, Maha Elnashar, Amal Killawi, Maya Hammoud, Abdul Latif Al-Khal, Pascale Haddad and Michael D. Fetters

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:10

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To describe approaches used in systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy studies for assessing variability in estimates of accuracy between studies and to provide guidance in this area.

    Authors: Christiana A. Naaktgeboren, Eleanor A. Ochodo, Wynanda A. Van Enst, Joris A. H. de Groot, Lotty Hooft, Mariska M. G. Leeflang, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Karel G. M. Moons and Johannes B. Reitsma

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:6

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Evidence mapping is an emerging tool used to systematically identify, organize and summarize the quantity and focus of scientific evidence on a broad topic, but there are currently no methodological standards....

    Authors: Ding Ding Wang, Marissa Shams-White, Oliver John M. Bright, J. Scott Parrott and Mei Chung

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:1

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Chalmers and Glasziou’s paper published in 2014 recommends research funding bodies should mandate that proposals for additional primary research are built on systematic reviews of existing evidence showing wha...

    Authors: Sheetal Bhurke, Andrew Cook, Anna Tallant, Amanda Young, Elaine Williams and James Raftery

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:108

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Harvest plots are used to graphically display evidence from complex and diverse studies or results. Overviews of reviews bring together evidence from two or more systematic reviews. Our objective was to determ...

    Authors: Katelynn Crick, Aireen Wingert, Katrina Williams, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Denise Thomson and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:91

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Finding eligible studies for meta-analysis and systematic reviews relies on keyword-based searching as the gold standard, despite its inefficiency. Searching based on direct citations is not sufficiently compr...

    Authors: A. Cecile J W Janssens and M. Gwinn

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:84

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:97

  9. Content type: Research article

    Record linkage of existing individual health care data is an efficient way to answer important epidemiological research questions. Reuse of individual health-related data faces several problems: Either a uniqu...

    Authors: Kurt Schmidlin, Kerri M. Clough-Gorr and Adrian Spoerri

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:46

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Accurate blood pressure measurements are needed in clinical practice, intervention studies and health examination surveys. Blood pressure measurements are sensitive: their accuracy can be affected by measureme...

    Authors: Hanna Tolonen, Päivikki Koponen, Androniki Naska, Satu Männistö, Grazyna Broda, Tarja Palosaari and Kari Kuulasmaa

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:33

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Missing data are common in medical research, which can lead to a loss in statistical power and potentially biased results if not handled appropriately. Multiple imputation (MI) is a statistical method, widely ...

    Authors: Panteha Hayati Rezvan, Katherine J Lee and Julie A Simpson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:30

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The COMET (Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials) Initiative is developing a publicly accessible online resource to collate the knowledge base for core outcome set development (COS) and the applied wor...

    Authors: Elizabeth Gargon, Paula R Williamson and Mike Clarke

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:26

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Large registries are important data sources in epidemiological studies of shock, if these registries are valid. Therefore, we examined the positive predictive value (PPV) of diagnosis codes for shock, the proc...

    Authors: Marie Dam Lauridsen, Henrik Gammelager, Morten Schmidt, Henrik Nielsen and Christian Fynbo Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:23

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Discrete Choice Experiments (DCEs) are increasingly used in studies in healthcare research but there is still little empirical evidence for the predictive value of these hypothetical situations in similar real...

    Authors: Mattijs S Lambooij, Irene A Harmsen, Jorien Veldwijk, Hester de Melker, Liesbeth Mollema, Yolanda WM van Weert and G Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:19

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In the present state of knowledge regarding the etiology of dental caries, it is unacceptable for studies addressing factors associated with this outcome to disregard oral hygiene. Simple, valid methods are ne...

    Authors: Giovana S Gil, Francine S Morikava, Gabriela C Santin, Tatiana P Pintarelli, Fabian C Fraiz and Fernanda M Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:14

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Use of administrative claims from multiple sources for research purposes is challenged by the lack of consistency in the structure of the underlying data and definition of data across claims data providers. Th...

    Authors: Erica A Voss, Qianli Ma and Patrick B Ryan

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:13

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Conflicting findings on the validity of self-reported stroke from existing studies creates uncertainty about the appropriateness of using self-reported stroke in epidemiological research. We aimed to compare s...

    Authors: Caroline A Jackson, Gita D Mishra, Leigh Tooth, Julie Byles and Annette Dobson

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:7

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In cancer screening trials where the primary outcome is target cancer-specific mortality, the unbiased determination of underlying cause of death (UCD) is crucial. To minimise bias, the UCD should be independe...

    Authors: Naomi J Williams, Elizabeth M Hill, Siaw Yein Ng, Richard M Martin, Chris Metcalfe, Jenny L Donovan, Simon Evans, Laura J Hughes, Charlotte F Davies, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal and Emma L Turner

    Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology 2015 15:6

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