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Table 2 Goodness-of-fit indices for models tested in the Chinese and Dutch sample

From: Measurement invariance of the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D) among chinese and dutch elderly

Model χ2 df AIC CFI NNFI RMSEA
Chinese
Four factor 2730.047 164 3009.371 0.979 0.976 0.058
Second order 5096.836 167 4753.926 0.959 0.954 0.074
Three factor 3129.081 167 3506.226 0.976 0.972 0.063
Single factor 7086.524 170 8032.134 0.943 0.936 0.096
Dutch
Four factor 1209.586 164 1472.134 0.965 0.960 0.061
Second order 1983.275 167 2058.215 0.939 0.931 0.075
Three factor 1476.733 167 1774.343 0.956 0.950 0.068
Single factor 2381.659 170 2829.955 0.926 0.917 0.089
Invariance models
Configural 3939.633 328 4481.504 0.976 0.972 0.059
Metric 4556.913 344 5092.937 0.061 0.969 0.062
Scalar 6775.092 360 7613.929 0.958 0.955 0.076
Partial Scalar 5351.410 358 5855.051 0.967 0.965 0.066
Uniqueness 7517.595 376 7295.681 0.953 0.952 0.073
Partial Uniqueness 6571.827 373 6682.538 0.959 0.958 0.070