Skip to main content

Table 1 Exploratory factor analyses: factor matrix (Principal Axis extraction, Oblimin rotation, δ = 0.5 for two-factor solution, δ = - 1.0 for nine-factor solution, n = 1,190)

From: Factor structure and psychometric properties of the trier inventory for chronic stress (TICS) in a representative german sample

TICS original factor Two-factor solution Nine-factor solution
Item h 2 Factor 1 Factor 2 h 2 Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 5 Factor 6 Factor 7 Factor 8 Factor 9
Work Overload     11.0%          
   01 .28 .48 .08 .41 -.02 .12 -.02 .08 -.13 .40 .21 .00 .19
   04 .37 .53 .12 .51 .04 .01 -.01 -.03 .01 .42 .33 .15 .03
   17 .50 .72 -.01 .62 .07 -.02 .12 .15 -.05 .17 .57 -.03 .04
   27 .55 .80 -.11 .65 .07 .00 .19 .00 -.03 .05 .60 .02 .12
   38 .54 .66 .11 .62 .10 .00 .09 .07 .13 .00 .50 .09 .16
   44 .53 .64 .15 .64 .10 .07 .06 .12 -.09 .10 .52 .16 .10
   50 $ .49 .70 .00 .60 .00 .07 .04 -.06 .03 .13 .52 .10 .22
   54 .51 .46 .35 .63 -.02 .10 -.05 .05 .11 .08 .34 .37 .21
Social Overload     6.9%          
   07 .49 .82 -.28 .57 .08 -.10 .31 .02 -.11 .23 .02 -.06 .41
   19 .50 .65 .10 .53 .11 -.12 .08 .19 .06 .18 .15 .10 .29
   28 .50 .64 .11 .55 .12 -.03 .03 .20 .04 .05 .24 .05 .38
   39 $ .44 .73 -.12 .59 .03 -.06 .10 .11 .06 .03 .07 -.05 .63
   49 .44 .77 -.24 .58 -.05 -.02 .27 -.02 .00 .10 .00 .02 .58
   57 .50 .46 .34 .59 .14 .00 -.12 .10 .14 .07 .21 .28 .31
Pressure to Perform     7.8%          
   08 .45 .68 -.02 .58 .08 -.06 .51 .16 .00 .19 -.03 .00 .15
   12 .36 .36 .32 .45 .10 .15 .37 .16 .12 .17 .00 -.03 .00
   14 .48 .67 .04 .54 .21 -.05 .45 -.03 .08 .09 .15 .11 .03
   22 .48 .76 -.13 .60 -.03 -.01 .58 .00 .05 .05 .08 .08 .21
   23 .36 .65 -.10 .54 -.04 .03 .65 .03 .03 .00 .09 .05 .08
   30 .37 .48 .19 .43 .14 .16 .32 .16 -.03 .06 .09 -.03 .16
   32 $ .48 .75 -.13 .60 .03 .01 .59 -.07 .03 .01 .10 .11 .18
   40 .43 .51 .21 .52 .15 .03 .38 .14 .19 -.06 .01 .04 .21
   43 # .58 .85 -.20 .66 .03 .04 .44 .03 -.08 .00 .23 -.01 .35
Work Discontent     10.2%          
   05 .36 .44 .23 .55 .16 -.12 .08 -.02 .38 .25 .32 .01 -.12
   10 .35 -.17 .67 .46 .01 .19 -.02 .18 .47 .11 -.14 -.02 -.02
   13 .34 .44 .20 .47 .13 -.10 .19 .06 .37 .13 .28 -.05 -.09
   21 $ .43 -.07 .69 .54 .00 .18 .08 .16 .49 .06 -.07 .10 -.07
   37 .45 .37 .39 .55 .23 -.06 .02 .13 .31 -.09 .31 .15 .04
   41 .43 -.23 .75 .52 .09 .28 .05 .16 .42 -.16 -.07 .09 -.06
   48 .33 .28 .37 .46 .05 .02 -.01 -.06 .46 .16 .01 .13 .21
   53 .45 -.02 .68 .55 .04 .31 -.02 .10 .46 -.01 .01 .03 .14
Excessive Demands at Work     8.3%          
   03 .39 .24 .46 .52 .05 .06 .06 .08 .05 .41 .00 .35 -.08
   20 .45 .22 .52 .58 .09 -.01 .12 .15 .04 .15 .01 .53 -.10
   24 .44 .17 .55 .60 .13 .04 .05 .12 -.01 .05 -.04 .62 .01
   35 .50 .18 .59 .58 .14 .09 .13 .19 .07 -.04 .05 .47 -.03
   47 .38 .15 .52 .47 -.05 .15 -.02 .15 .05 .06 .13 .44 .05
   55 $ .48 .22 .55 .62 .07 .10 .02 .05 .09 .00 .09 .59 .07
Lack of Social Recognition     9.0%          
   02 .32 .31 .33 .49 .08 .05 -.05 .07 .15 .53 -.06 .03 .13
   18 .43 .32 .42 .47 .16 .00 .10 .07 .17 .24 .03 .25 .00
   31 $ .44 .25 .49 .48 .21 .09 .02 .00 .17 .14 .00 .33 .11
   46 .44 .39 .36 .51 .20 .00 .01 -.05 .27 .14 .08 .25 .18
Social Tensions     8.1%          
   06 .44 .38 .37 .57 .49 .00 .09 .07 .12 .26 .01 -.03 .02
   15 .39 .30 .40 .59 .63 -.03 .08 .10 .02 .18 .00 -.01 -.04
   26 .46 .21 .54 .61 .59 .04 -.01 .15 .05 .00 .02 .11 .03
   33 .49 .30 .49 .56 .48 .11 .09 .07 .06 .02 .11 .12 .02
   45 .53 .25 .56 .67 .58 .10 -.02 .14 .00 -.08 .12 .16 .07
   52 $ .44 .16 .56 .59 .59 .18 -.08 .00 .07 .01 .06 .08 .08
Social Isolation     10.1%          
   11 .41 -.29 .75 .55 -.05 .63 .05 .15 .05 .12 -.03 .01 -.12
   29 .46 .14 .59 .50 .13 .40 .07 .16 .03 .09 .07 .07 .11
   34 .53 -.14 .79 .58 .21 .50 .01 .17 .01 -.03 .01 .14 -.02
   42 $,# .53 -.30 .85 .67 .09 .68 .03 .10 .09 -.03 .02 .05 -.07
   51 .53 -.28 .85 .70 .07 .75 -.02 .01 .07 -.01 .03 .10 .00
   56 .43 -.14 .72 .51 .04 .53 -.05 .12 .13 .07 .00 .02 .09
Chronic Worrying     8.1%          
   09 .35 .17 .48 .46 .11 .07 .09 .44 .05 .21 -.08 .00 .03
   16 .39 .08 .57 .59 .06 .11 .00 .63 -.02 .18 -.02 -.04 .01
   25 .47 .12 .61 .58 .02 .04 -.03 .55 .07 .03 .07 .21 .03
   36 $ .49 .07 .66 .68 .04 .08 -.04 .68 .05 -.08 .08 .13 .07
  1. Item enumeration, item assignment, and marker items for the two-factor model (#) and the nine-factor model ($) are according to Schulz, Schlotz, and Becker [17]. h 2 = explained variance by the respective factor or item communalities, i.e. percentage of item variance explained by the latent factor. Boldfaced factor loadings are above the .30 threshold