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Table 2 Characteristics of the research population

From: Advancing current approaches to disease management evaluation: capitalizing on heterogeneity to understand what works and for whom

Characteristic Patients for whom characteristic is known (total =105,056) Estimate
  % (N) Mean ± SD
Baseline age 99.9 (105,013) 65.7 ± 11.9
Baseline diabetes duration 71.9 (75,498) 4.8 ± 5.6
Baseline health status   
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) [target < 53] 71.5 (75,127) 50.2 ± 9.8
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) [target < 2.5] 55.9 (58,697) 2.6 ± 0.9
 SBP (mmHg) [target < 140] 69.9 (73,437) 140.4 ± 18.0
 BMI (kg/m2) [target < 25] 60.3 (63,341) 29.7 ± 5.2
  % (N) % (N)
Diabetes complications 94.5 (99,278)  
 None   84.2 (75,357)
 One or more   15.8 (14,165)
Smoking status 74.6 (78,384)  
 No or Ex-smoker   81.6 (63,943)
 Current smoker   18.4 (14,441)
  1. NOTE: Included were four major diabetes complications: angina pectoris, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA).