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Table 1 Respondent characteristic by academic background and first language

From: Views on the peer review system of biomedical journals: an online survey of academics from high-ranking universities

  Basic scientists Clinicians Clinician-scientists Chi-squared/t value P value Respondents with English as their first language Respondents with English as their second language Chi-squared/t value/Z value P value All
  (n = 560) (n =516) (n = 264)    (n = 611) (n = 729)    (n = 1340)
Gender:           
  Men 354 (63.2%) 380 (73.6%) 208 (78.8%) 25.3 <0.001 409 (66.9%) 533 (73.1%) 6.1 0.01* 942 (70.3%)
  Women 206 (36.8%) 136 (26.4%) 56 (21.2%)    202 (33.1%) 196 (26.9%)    398 (29.7%)
Location           
Africa 2 (14.3%) 5 (35.7%) 7 (50%) 54.8 <0.001 6 (42.9%) 8 (57.1%) 416.8 <0.001** 14 (1.0%)
America (North) 233 (45.6%) 201 (39.3%) 77 (15.1%) 365 (71.4%) 146 (28.6%) 511 (38.1%)
America (South) 4 (20.0%) 12 (60.0%) 4 (20.0%) 0 (0%) 20 (100%) 20 (1.5%)
Asia (Central/ Middle East) 15 (20.3%) 46 (62.2%) 13 (17.6%) 5 (6.8%) 69 (93.2%) 74 (5.5%)
Asia (North/East) 33 (34.4%) 36 (37.5%) 27 (28.1%) 5 (5.2%) 91 (94.8%) 96 (7.2%)
Australia and New Zealand 52 (47.7%) 42 (38.5%) 15 (13.8%) 95 (87.2%) 14 (12.8%) 109 (8.1%)
Europe 221 (42.8%) 174 (33.7%) 121 (23.4%)    135 (26.2%) 381 (73.8%)    516 (38.5%)
Mean age (Mean ± SD) 49.9 ± 11.4 52.6 ± 10.4 52.2 ± 11.2 8.8 <0.001 51.9 ± 11.6 50.9 ± 10.6 1.5 0.1 51.4 ± 11.1
Median number of papers successfully published in peered- review journals 50 50 61 9.8 0.007 50 50 0.6 0.5 50
(Median, 95% CI) (45 – 55) (45 – 60) (50 – 75)    (50 – 60) (50 – 59)    (95% CI: 50 – 56)
Mean number of years of experience in medical research and publications (Mean ± SD) 20.3 ± 10.6 20.3 ± 10.8 22.4 ± 11.8 3.9 0.02 21.1 ± 11.6 20.4 ± 10.4 1.3 0.2 20.7 ± 11
  1. Data are percentage (number). Sum of percentages equal to 100% in each category. “SD” refers to standard deviation. P values are from t test, χ2tests, Mann–Whitney Test and Kruskal-Wallis Test.
  2. Values are numbers and percentages unless stated otherwise.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01.