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Table 4 Comparison of responses between native and non-native English speaking respondents

From: Views on the peer review system of biomedical journals: an online survey of academics from high-ranking universities

  English as the first language English as the second language   
  Rare/infrequent Sometimes Frequent/all the time Rare/infrequent Sometimes Frequent/all the time Chi squared value p value
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Undesirable experiences         
Personal attacks 512 (83.8) 93 (15.2) 6 (1.0) 566 (77.7) 142 (19.5) 21 (2.9)
Breach of confidentiality 552 (90.4) 55 (9.0) 4 (0.7) 648 (88.8) 71 (9.7) 10 (1.3)
Unauthorised use of articles’ information after rejection of articles 528 (86.4) 75 (12.3) 8 (1.3) 621 (85.2) 99 (13.6) 9 (1.2)
Imposition of unnecessary references 435 (71.2) 130 (21.3) 46 (7.5) 471 (64.6) 208 (28.5) 50 (6.8)   
  Strongly disagree/Disagree Neutral Strongly agree/Agree Strongly disagree/Disagree Neutral Strongly agree/Agree Chi squared value p value
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Journal peer review is:         
fair 122 (19.9) 169 (27.7) 320 (52.3) 182 (25.0) 218 (29.9) 329 (45.2) 7.8 0.02*
transparent 276 (45.2) 172 (28.2) 163 (26.7) 334 (45.8) 221 (30.3) 174 (23.8) 1.6 0.5
scientific 158 (25.8) 184 (30.1) 269 (44.0) 146 (20.0) 215 (29.5) 368 (50.5) 7.9 0.02*
free from interference 299 (48.9) 184 (30.1) 128 (21.0) 360 (49.4) 242 (33.2) 127 (17.5) 3.2 0.2
Editors should:         
give an article a fair hearing by sending to peer review and avoid personal bias 109 (17.9) 207 (33.9) 295 (48.3) 135 (18.5) 299 (41.0) 295 (40.5) 9.2 0.01*
screen for unfair comments 113 (18.5) 196 (32.1) 302 (49.4) 172 (23.6) 250 (34.3) 307 (42.1) 8.5 0.01*
Reviewers         
Anonymity of reviewers 125 (20.5) 85 (13.9) 401 (65.6) 146 (20.0) 119 (16.3) 464 (63.7) 0.5 0.5
Not require to declare conflict of interest 552 (90.4) 25 (4.1) 34 (5.6) 573 (78.6) 75 (10.3) 81 (11.1) 34.5 <0.001**
Competent in general 153 (25.1) 206 (33.7) 252 (41.2) 153 (21.0) 297 (40.7) 279 (38.3) 7.5 0.02*
Anonymity of authors 144 (23.6) 119 (19.5) 348 (56.9) 152 (20.8) 145 (19.9) 432 (59.3) 1.4 0.5
Appeal system in every journal 98 (16.0) 90 (14.7) 423 (69.3) 100 (13.7) 145 (19.9) 484 (66.4) 6.7 0.04*
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01.