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Table 1 Structure of the dataset used for imputation

From: Using imputed pre-treatment cholesterol in a propensity score model to reduce confounding by indication: results from the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis


Y = Pre-treated cholesterol

X = Post-treated cholesterol

Z = Covariates

New lipid-lowering medication users (N = 1286)

Exam dependent cholesterol levels (exam prior to starting lipid-lowering medication)

Exam dependent cholesterol levels (exam after starting lipid-lowering medication)

Exam dependent covariates (exam after starting lipid-lowering medication)

Lipid-lowering medication users at baseline (N = 1086)


Post-treated cholesterol from exam 1

Baseline covariates from exam 1