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Table 1 Total mortality fraction (%) attributable to temperature, computed backward ( b-AF tot ) and forward ( f-AF tot ), reported as overall, hot and cold components with 95% empirical confidence intervals (eCI)

From: Attributable risk from distributed lag models

  Deaths   Overall Cold Hot
London 845,215 b-AF t o t 13.59 (10.04–17.09) 12.95 (9.32–16.38) 0.66 (0.52–0.80)
   f-AF t o t 13.41 (9.72–16.87) 12.84 (9.38–16.33) 0.57 (0.45–0.68)
Rome 395,691 b-AF t o t 12.58 (9.30–15.64) 10.84 (7.37–14.23) 1.74 (1.12–2.37)
   f-AF t o t 12.27 (8.94–15.41) 10.72 (7.19–14.00) 1.55 (0.95–2.13)
  1. London 1993–2006 and Rome 1992–2010.