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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with returned questionnaire

From: Designing questionnaires: healthcare survey to compare two different response scales

  Total (n = 2957) Length of hospital stay (n = 2957) Admission (n = 2934)
Length of stay ≤ 4 days, n = 1482 (50%) Length of stay > 4 days, n = 1475 (50%) Emergency admission, n = 1072 (37%) Elective admission, n = 1862 (63%)
Age in years, mean (SD) 60 (19) 56 (19) 63 (18) 64 (19) 57 (18)
Gender, n (%)      
Male 1419 (48%) 701 (47%) 718 (49%) 566 (53%) 839 (45%)
Female 1538 (52%) 781 (53%) 757 (51%) 506 (47%) 1023 (55%)
Length of hospital stay, median (IQR) 4 (2 – 9) 2 (1–3) 9 (7 – 13) 6 (2 – 11) 4 (2–8)
Hospitalisation, n (%)      
Emergency 1072 (36%) 435 (29%) 637 (43%)   
Elective 1862 (63%) 1042 (70%) 820 (56%)   
Not defined 23 (1%) 5 (<1%) 18 (1%)   
Length of Stay ≤ 4 Days 1482 (50%)    435 (41%) 1042 (56%)
Length of Stay > 4 Days 1475 (50%)    637 (59%) 820 (44%)
Department, n (%)      
Surgery 1178 (40%) 422 (28%) 756 (51%) 413 (39%) 744 (40%)
Internal Medicine 943 (32%) 498 (34%) 445 (30%) 517 (48%) 426 (23%)
Gynaecology and Obstetrics 442 (15%) 281 (19%) 161 (11%) 26 (2%) 415 (22%)
Otorhinolaryngology 109 (4%) 91 (6%) 18 (1%) 15 (1%) 93 (5%)
Radiology 80 (3%) 80 (5%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 80 (4%)
Ophthalmology 64 (2%) 59 (4%) 5 (<1%) 12 (1%) 52 (3%)
Geriatric Medicine 58 (2%) 2 (<1%) 56 (4%) 52 (5%) 6 (<1%)
Intensive Care Unit 46 (2%) 42 (3%) 4 (<1%) 31 (3%) 15 (1%)
Dermatology and Venereology 37 (1%) 7 (<1%) 30 (2%) 6 (1%) 31 (2%)
Nationality, n (%)      
Swiss 2243 (76%) 1067 (72%) 1176 (80%) 854 (80%) 1373 (74%)
German, Austrian, Liechtensteiner 224 (8%) 123 (8%) 101 (7%) 63 (6%) 159 (9%)
French 35 (1%) 22 (1%) 13 (1%) 7 (1%) 28 (2%)
Italian 99 (3%) 48 (3%) 51 (3%) 42 (4%) 56 (3%)
English, Irish 11 (<1%) 5 (<1%) 6 (<1%) 7 (1%) 4 (<1%)
Turkish 61 (2%) 36 (2%) 25 (2%) 18 (2%) 42 (2%)
European, other 170 (6%) 105 (7%) 65 (4%) 54 (5%) 115 (6%)
US-American, Canadian, Australian 18 (1%) 17 (1%) 1 (<1%) 4 (<1%) 13 (1%)
Extra-European, other 55 (2%) 34 (2%) 21 (1%) 20 (2%) 35 (2%)
Missing 41 (1%) 25 (2%) 16 (1%) 3 (<1%) 37 (2%)
Language, n (%)      
German 2793 (94%) 1382 (93%) 1411 (96%) 1024 (96%) 1749 (94%)
French 45 (2%) 27 (2%) 18 (1%) 9 (1%) 36 (2%)
Italian 37 (1%) 19 (1%) 18 (1%) 19 (2%) 16 (1%)
English 30 (1%) 24 (2%) 6 (<1%) 11 (1%) 19 (1%)
Turkish 25 (1%) 14 (1%) 11 (1%) 4 (<1%) 20 (1%)
Others 27 (1%) 16 (1%) 11 (1%) 5 (<1%) 22 (1%)
  1. Characteristics of patients who returned their questionnaire: all patients (n = 2957 (41%)) and within the pre-defined subgroups short versus long hospital stay (n = 1482 (50%) vs. n = 1475 (50%)) and emergency versus elective admission (n = 1072 (37%) vs. n = 1862 (63%)).