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Table 3 Factor structure of perceived parental rearing according to FEE (principal component analysis with varimax rotation and extraction of predefined three factors)

From: The assessment of recalled parental rearing behavior and its relationship to life satisfaction and interpersonal problems: a general population study

  Paternal rearing
(N = 2.771)
Maternal rearing
(N = 2.871)
   Factor loadings   Factor loadings
Item-No. h 2 I II III h 2 I II III
Scale I: Rejection and punishment
1 .65 .76 -.14 .23 .61 .72 -.19 .23
3 .38 .58 -.08 .18 .36 .56 -.08 .18
6 .50 .68 -.11 .15 .50 .66 -.15 .20
8 .63 .74 -.18 .20 .61 .72 -.19 .21
16 .57 .72 -.13 .18 .57 .71 -.15 .19
18 .65 .79 -.11 .12 .62 .77 -.13 .12
20 .49 .68 -.16 .11 .48 .67 -.12 .09
22 .56 .69 -.16 .24 .51 .64 -.18 .26
Scale II: Emotional warmth
2 .54 -.20 .71 -.07 .55 -.15 .71 -.12
7 .47 -.08 .68 .06 .46 -.15 .66 .11
9 .42 -.22 .61 .07 .42 -.17 .62 .02
12 .57 -.10 .75 -.01 .57 -.05 .75 -.01
14 .51 -.03 .71 .05 .49 -.08 .70 .07
15 .56 -.03 .75 .03 .54 -.19 .70 .12
17 .54 -.20 .71 -.07 .55 -.14 .72 -.08
24 .48 .01 .69 .01 .47 -.08 .67 .12
Scale III: Control and overprotection
4 .45 .05 .04 .67 .37 .13 .03 .59
5 .41 .19 .08 .61 .41 .09 .05 .63
10 .41 .35 -.14 .52 .40 .36 -.16 .50
11 .47 .19 .06 .65 .41 .28 .05 .57
13 .31 .46 .22 .23 .26 .23 .15 .42
19 .43 .27 -.17 .57 .35 .23 -.12 .54
21 .34 .15 -.05 .56 .25 .25 .01 .43
23 .32 .15 .19 .51 .45 -.03 .16 .65
% variance 19.5 17.6 11.5   18.0 17.1 11.5
  1. Notes:h2 = communality;
  2. factor loadings > .40 are underlined
  3. Eigen values of the unrotated solutions:
  4. paternal rearing: Faktor I 6.44/Faktor II 3.77/Faktor III 1.46
  5. maternal rearing: Faktor I 6.29/Faktor II 3.61/Faktor III 1.29
  6. Factor I = Rejection and punishment
  7. Factor II = Emotional warmth
  8. Factor III = Control and overprotection