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Table 1 The total number of original research articles from 16 Arab countries and three non-Arab Middle Eastern countries published in PubMed and SCI-expanded during 2001–2005 and their citations frequencies (impact factors).

From: Arab nations lagging behind other Middle Eastern countries in biomedical research: a comparative study

Country Number of articles in Impact factor* h-index
  PubMed SCI high impact journals   
Iran 1910 2965 5 4.96 31
Israel 13637 20504 369 11.89 110
Turkey 10087 25641 38 4.5 56
Total 25643 49110 412 7.1**  
Algeria 84 254 5 9.19 21
Bahrain 51 158 0 2.61 8
Egypt 1180 3214 9 5.78 37
Iraq 64 138 3 3.84 11
Jordan 464 822 5 3.7 20
Kuwait 632 1207 8 4.78 24
Lebanon 447 965 7 6.14 31
Libya 19 87 0 3.18 9
Morocco 346 1267 6 3.74 23
Oman 134 436 3 3.43 14
Qatar 50 166 0 3.2 9
Saudi Arabia 999 3134 22 4.26 38
Syria 58 130 0 6.01 13
Sudan 134 265 3 7.18 18
Tunisia 592 1376 9 4.77 26
UAE*** 521 755 3 5.93 26
Total 5775 14374 83 4.9**  
  1. * Six-year impact factor, 2002–2007
  2. **Average
  3. ***UAE: United Arab Emirates