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Table 3 Sensitivity to change validity estimate for the godin-shephard leisure-time physical activity in oncology research

From: The use of the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire in oncology research: a systematic review

Study Risk of bias Sensitivity to change validity estimate
Sequence generation (N) Blinding of outcome assessors Adherence (≥75 %) Baseline imbalance Incomplete data Pre-post change in LSI (exercice group) Pre-post change in LSI (control group)
Bourke et al. [52]a Low (50) Low Yes (95 %) Low Low 2.31 .24
Bourke et al. [53]a Low (18) Highb Yes (90 %) Unclearc Highd 1.67 1.17
Bourke et al. [54]a Low (100) Low Yes (88 %) Low Low 1.63 .30
Broderick et al. [55] Low (43) Low Yes (78 %) Unclearc Highd 1.35 -.14
Cormie et al. [57]a Low (20) Low Yes (93 %) Low Low .45 .10
Perna et al. [51] Low (51) Low Yes (83 %) Low Low 1.88 .27
  1. LSI Leisure score index. Validity estimates are reported as Cohen’s d. aThe recall period of the GSLTPAQ was not explicitly stated. bOnly data analysts were blind to group assignment.cReported only for socio-demographic and medical variables; however, the analyses were adjusted for baseline LSI. dLast observation carried forward was the strategies used to deal with missing data. dComplete cases analysis was performed; two participants dropped-out (7 %)