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Table 1 Comparison of the sociodemographic characteristics of the ‘cell phone carrier’ and the ‘any phone carrier’ subsamples to the ‘original HH sample’

From: Potential use of telephone surveys for non-communicable disease surveillance in developing countries: evidence from a national household survey in Lebanon

  Original HH sample (A) Cell phone samplea (B) Any phone sampleb (C) p-value (B vs. A) p-value (C vs. A)
  NA % nB % nC %   
Total 2656 100 1381 52.0 2126 80.0   
Gender         
 Male 1238 46.6 799 57.9 1054 49.6 <0.001 <0.001
 Female 1418 53.4 582 42.1 1072 50.4   
Age Group         
 18–34 years old 1237 46.6 820 59.4 1003 47.2 <0.001 0.602
 35–54 years old 961 36.2 421 30.5 747 35.2 <0.001 0.310
  ≥ 55 years old 456 17.2 140 10.1 373 17.6 <0.001 0.666
Marital Status         
 Single 1069 40.3 723 52.4 881 41.5 <0.001 0.289
 Married 1424 53.6 605 43.8 1113 52.4 <0.001 0.249
 Divorced/widowed 163 6.1 53 3.8 131 6.2 <0.001 0.891
Governorate         
 Beirut 273 10.3 197 14.3 239 11.2 <0.001 0.154
 Mount Lebanon 979 36.8 540 39.1 772 36.3 0.078 0.653
 North 601 22.6 282 20.4 454 21.4 0.054 0.178
 South 289 10.9 152 11.0 244 11.5 0.897 0.384
 Bekaa 349 13.1 146 10.6 286 13.5 0.004 0.629
 Nabatieh 165 6.2 64 4.6 130 6.1 0.014 0.928
Education         
 Primary and below 545 20.5 131 9.5 354 16.7 <0.001 <0.001
 Complementary 663 24.9 302 21.9 508 23.9 0.008 0.292
 Secondary/Technical 681 25.7 369 26.7 563 26.5 0.388 0.413
 University & above 767 28.9 579 41.9 701 33.0 <0.001 <0.001
Occupational Status         
 Do not work 1426 53.7 511 37.0 1052 49.5 <0.001 <0.001
 Governmental employee 165 6.2 111 8.0 151 7.1 0.080 0.087
 Non- Governmental employee 515 19.4 373 27.0 438 20.6 <0.001 0.162
 Self-employed 550 20.7 386 28.0 484 22.8 <0.001 0.019
Crowding Index         
  < 1 person per room 692 26.1 436 31.6 634 29.9 <0.001 <0.001
  ≥ 1 person per room 1955 73.9 942 68.4 1484 70.1   
House Ownership         
 Owned 1885 71.0 984 72.1 1550 73.7 0.647 <0.001
 Rented 744 28.0 381 27.9 552 26.3   
Insurance coverage         
 Covered 1139 42.9 880 63.7 1321 62.2 <0.001 <0.001
 Uncovered 1517 57.1 501 36.3 804 37.8   
  1. a‘Cell phone sample’ included those who reported owning a cell phone, irrespective of landline ownership
  2. b‘Any phone sample’ included those who reported having a cell phone or a landline