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Table 2 Prevalence estimates, odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) comparing the ‘cell phone sample’ to the ‘original HH sample’

From: Potential use of telephone surveys for non-communicable disease surveillance in developing countries: evidence from a national household survey in Lebanon

NCD and public health indicators Prevalence (%) in original HH sample (A) Prevalence (%) in cell phone sample (B) uORc 95 % CI aORc 95 % CI Age-sex adjusted prevalence (%) in cell phone sample
Behaviors        
Current cigarette smoking 34.7 35.5 1.04 0.95–1.13 1.06 0.96–1.17 36.2
Current water pipe smoking 25.0 29.8 1.31* 1.18–1.45 1.09 0.98–1.22 26.2
Binge drinking in past 30 daysa 11.7 17.4 1.87* 1.62–2.17 1.55* 1.33–1.81 14.9
Health Conditions        
High Blood Pressure 14.0 8.7 0.62* 0.55–0.70 0.85* 0.74–0.98 11.9
Diabetes 6.4 5.2 0.82* 0.69–0.97 1.13 0.93–1.37 6.9
Hyperlipidemia 13.3 11.2 0.83* 0.73–0.93 1.10 0.97–1.26 14.2
Cardiovascular disease 7.0 4.1 0.62* 0.52–0.73 0.82* 0.67–0.99 5.2
Asthma 6.1 6.4 1.05 0.88–1.25 1.05 0.87–1.28 6.5
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 24.4 20.7 0.80* 0.72–0.88 0.93 0.84–1.04 23.2
Disability 1.8 1.3 0.72* 0.53–0.99 0.90 0.63–1.29 1.5
Self-Rated Healthb 32.0 39.1 1.51* 1.33–1.62 1.23* 1.10–1.36 34.9
  1. aBinge drinking is defined as consuming five or more drinks (male) or four or more drinks (female) at least once in past 30 days
  2. bvery good and better versus good and worse
  3. cuOR: unadjusted odds ratios comparing ‘cell phone sample’ to total household population sample; aOR: odds ratios adjusted for age and sex
  4. *Asterisk indicate statistically significant results (p value < critical alpha of 0.05)