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Table 1 The ISSP Work Indicatorsa

From: Improving measurement-invariance assessments: correcting entrenched testing deficiencies

Indicator Wording Designation here, and in Cheung & Lau ISSP Great Britain United States
Mean Std. Deviation Mean Std. Deviation
My job is secure y 1 V59 2.46 1.073 2.09 .977
My income is high y 2 V60 3.38 .956 3.22 1.009
My opportunities for advancement are high y 3 V61 3.29 1.030 3.00 1.115
My job has flexible working hours y 4 V67 3.16 1.218 2.82 1.192
My job is interesting y 5 V63 2.11 .852 2.12 .967
I can work independently y 6 V64 2.08 .838 2.09 .965
In my job I can help other people y 7 V65 2.28 .951 2.07 .913
{how often}…are you bored at work? y 8 V71 2.19 .937 2.24 .953
{how often}…do you have to do hard physical work? y 9 V69 3.46 1.253 3.48 1.186
{how often}…do you work in dangerous conditions? y 10 V72 4.09 1.115 3.97 1.164
{how often}…do you work in unhealthy conditions? y 11 V73 4.06 1.100 4.14 1.042
{how often}…do you work in physically unpleasant conditions? y 12 V74 4.16 1.067 4.10 1.022
Sex x 1 V85 1.44 .496 1.47 .499
Age x 2 V86 39.31 11.463 38.62 11.914
  1. aISSP = International Social Survey Program 1989. We refer to Great Britain (rather than C&L’s United Kingdom) because that is the designation used in the ISSP. N = 648 Great Britain, 823 United States. Items y 1 to y 7 had lead-in: “For each statement about your main job below, please circle one code to show how much you agree or disagree that it applies to your job. 1 = Strongly Agree, to 5 = Strongly Disagree, 8 = Can’t Choose.” Items y 8 to y 12 had lead-in: “Now some more questions about your working conditions. Please circle one code for each item below to show how often it applies to your work. 1 = Always, 2 = Often, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Hardly Ever, 5 = Never, 8 = Can’t Choose”. y 8 is reverse coded. Sex: 1 = male, 2 = female. Age: in years. Only those working 10 h per week or more for pay responded to the above questions. According to Cheung and Lau: y 1 to y 4 indicate quality of Job Context; y 5 to y 8 indicate quality of Job Content; and y 9 to y 12 indicate quality of Work Environment