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Table 3 Medical care pathway for infertilitya

From: Can men be trusted in population-based surveys to report couples’ medical care for infertility?

  Respondent’s gender P-Valueb
Male Female
Who used medical care for infertility in the couple 0.12
 Woman alone 26% (19–34) 35% (30–40)  
 Man alone 4% (2–9) 2% (1–6)  
 Woman and man including: 70% (62–77) 63% (58–68)  
  Together at the first consultation 52% (45–60) 38% (33–43)  
  Woman first and the man later 17% (12–22) 24% (20–28)  
  Man first and the woman later 0% (0–3) 1% (0–3)  
  Don’t know in which order 0% (0–3) 1% (0–2)  
Age of the respondent at the first consultationc 0.16
  < 25 years 8% (4–13) 16% (12–20)  
 25–29 years 41% (33–49) 38% (33–43)  
 30–34 years 33% (27–41) 30% (25–35)  
 35–39 years 13% (9–19) 12% (9–17)  
  ≥ 40 years 5% (3–9) 4% (3–8)  
Length of couple’s infertility at the first consultation 0.32
  ≤ 11 months 42% (35–50) 39% (35–45)  
 12 months 21% (16–28) 28% (24–33)  
 13 to 24 months 26% (19–34) 21% (17–26)  
  ≥ 25 months 10% (6–16) 11% (8–15)  
First doctor consulted by the respondentd < 0.001
 General practitioner 21% (15–29) 12% (9–16)  
 Gynecologist 65% (56–72) 84% (80–88)  
 Other specialty 14% (9–21) 4% (2–6)  
Couple’s infertility checkupd 0.18
 None 2% (0–7) 4% (3–7)  
 At least one exam including: 98% (93–100) 96% (93–97)  
  Temperature curve 66% (57–74) 64% (58–69) 0.65
  Gynecologic examination 94% (87–97) 92% (89–95) 0.62
  Invasive female examinatione 42% (33–51) 45% (40–51) 0.52
  Post-coital test or cervical mucus 32% (24–41) 34% (29–39) 0.78
  Male genital examination 56% (48–65) 27% (22–32) < 0.001
  Sperm analysis 86% (80–91) 57% (52–62) < 0.001
  Hormonal checkup 81% (73–88) 64% (59–69) < 0.001
  Sexual transmitted infection testing 61% (52–70) 52% (46–57) 0.08
Origin of the couple’s infertilityd 0.12
 Female 22% (16–30) 29% (25–34)  
 Male 12% (7–18) 7% (5–10)  
 Mixed (male and female) 5% (2–10) 3% (2–5)  
 Unspecified 61% (53–69) 61% (56–66)  
First doctor supportive with respondentd 0.83
 Absolutely 57% (48–66) 59% (53–64)  
 Rather 26% (19–35) 24% (19–29)  
 No 16% (11–24) 18% (14–22)  
Topic(s) covered with the respondent during medical cared
 Sexual life 47% (38–55) 54% (48–59) 0.17
 Different treatments of infertility 64% (55–71) 58% (53–63) 0.29
 Adverse effects of treatments 46% (38–55) 43% (38–48) 0.55
 Adoption 18% (13–26) 15% (12–20) 0.44
 None of these topics 25% (18–33) 21% (17–25) 0.35
  1. aAmong respondents who used medical care for infertility themselves and/or their partners with a first consultation dating from 15 years previously or less. All percentages are weighted with 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. bP-value of the chi-square test comparing the female and male respondents’ distributions. To take into account the complex sampling design of the Fecond survey, the subpopulation option in Stata® was used for correct calculation of the standard errors of the estimates
  3. cAge of the respondent at the time of the couple’s first consultation, whoever (first) consulted, the respondent or his/her partner
  4. dItem asked only if the respondent had consulted him/herself
  5. eInvasive female examination included hysterosalpingogram, hysteroscopy and laparoscopy