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Table 2 Characteristics of participants, by area and recruitment venue type

From: Recruitment and retention of participants from socioeconomically deprived communities: lessons from the Awareness and Beliefs About Cancer (ABACus3) Randomised Controlled Trial

Variable South & West Yorkshire South East Wales Combined Areas
Healthcare settings Community settings Healthcare settings Community settings Total
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Gender Male 13 (44.8) 46 (37.4) 8 (27.6) 19 (35.8) 86 (36.7)
Female 16 (55.2) 77 (62.6) 21 (72.4) 34 (64.2) 148 (63.3)
Age (years) Mean (SD) 64.5 (10.74) 61.6 (11.98) 61.1 (10.19) 58.9 (11.91) 61.3 (11.6)
Education Finished school at/before age 16 14 (48.3) 64 (52.0) 17 (58.6) 24 (45.3) 119 (50.8)
Completed GCSEs,
O-Levels or equivalent
9 (31.0) 21 (17.1) 6 (20.8) 11 (20.8) 47 (20.1)
Completed
A-levels or equivalent
0 (0.0) 9 (7.3) 1 (3.4) 4 (7.5) 14 (6.0)
Completed further education but not degree 5 (17.3) 22 (17.9) 1 (3.4) 8 (15.1) 36 (15.4)
Completed Bachelor’s degree/Master’s/PhD 1 (3.4) 7 (5.7) 4 (13.8) 6 (11.3) 18 (7.7)
Employ-ment Employed full-time 3 (10.3) 10 (8.1) 4 (13.8) 9 (17.0) 26 (11.1)
Employed part-time 1 (3.4) 12 (9.8) 3 (10.3) 5 (9.4) 21 (9.0)
Full-time homemaker 0 (0.0) 3 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.3)
Retired 22 (75.9) 52 (42.3) 13 (44.8) 21 (39.6) 108 (46.1)
Un- employed 0 (0.0) 22 (17.9) 4 (13.8) 11 (20.8) 37 (15.8)
Self-employed 0 (0.0) 6 (4.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (2.6)
Disabled or too ill to work 3 (10.3) 18 (14.6) 5 (17.2) 6 (11.3) 32 (13.7)
Prefer not to say 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 1 (0.4)
Ethnicity White 28 (96.6) 122 (99.2) 28 (96.6) 51 (96.2) 229 (97.9)
White and Black Caribbean 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 1 (0.4)
White and Black African 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4)
Pakistani 1 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4)
Caribbean 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 1 (0.4)
Other ethnic group 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4)