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Table 1 Usage of qualitative research design in dissertations at a medical faculty

From: Qualitative research methods in medical dissertations: an observational methodological study on prevalence and reporting quality of dissertation abstracts in a German university

  Dr. med. (dent.) (n = 60) Dr. sc. hum. (n = 43) Total (n = 103)
A. Department/ Discipline (n %)
 Public Health/ Hygiene 11 (18.3) 16 (37.2) 27 (26.2)
 General Practice 21 (35.0) 5 (11.6) 26 (25.2)
 Medical Psychology 7 (11.7) 12 (27.9) 19 (18.4)
 Internal Medicine/ Psychosomatics 11 (18.3) 3 (7.0) 14 (13.6)
 Health Services Research 3 (5.0) 1 (2.3) 4 (3.9)
 Psychiatry 0 (−) 3 (7.0) 3 (2.9)
 Paediatrics 3 (5.0) 0 (−) 3 (2.9)
 Medical Biometry und Informatics 0 (−) 2 (4.7) 2 (1.9)
 Others (Anatomy, Gynaecology, History, Neurology, Social Medicine) 4 (6.7) 1 (2.3) 5 (4.9)
B. Study Design
 Mixed Methods Approach 24 (40.0) 32 (74.4) 56 (54.4)
 Qualitative Approaches only 36 (60.0) 11 (25.6) 47 (45.6)
C. Method Data Conduction (multiple indications possible)
 Document analysis 3 (5.0) 2 (4.7) 5 (4.9)
 Interviews (individual) 43 (71.7) 37 (86.0) 80 (77.7)
 Group Interviews 21 (35.0) 12 (27.9) 33 (32.0)
 Observation 5 (8.3) 6 (14.0) 11 (10.7)
 Questionnaire 2 (3.3) 1 (2.3) 3 (2.9)
 Not reported 1 (1.7) 4 (9.3) 5 (4.9)
D. Participants (multiple indications possible)
 Health Care Professionals 11 (18.3) 6 (14.0) 17 (16.5)
 Patients 19 (31.7) 17 (39.5) 36 (35.0)
 Physicians 27 (45.0) 9 (20.9) 36 (35.0)
 Relatives 4 (6.7) 3 (7.0) 7 (6.8)
 Students 10 (17) 1 (2.3) 11 (10.7)
 Other 6 (10) 10 (23.3) 16 (15.5)
 Not reported 1 (1.7) 6 (14.0) 7 (6.8)
E. Sample Size
E1 Interviews: Participants
  2–10 6 (10.0) 4 (9.3) 10 (9.7)
  11–20 5 (8.3) 7 (16.3) 12 (11.7)
  21–30 9 (15.0) 4 (9.3) 13 (12.6)
  31–40 5 (8.3) 3 (7.0) 8 (7.8)
  41–50 0 (−) 3 (7.0) 3 (2.9)
  51–60 4 (6.7) 2 (4.7) 6 (5.8)
   > 60 2 (3.3) 1 (2.3) 3 (2.9)
  Not reported 12 (20.0) 13 (30.2) 25 (24.3)
  Not used or unclear 17 (28.3) 6 (14.0) 23 (22.3)
E2 Groups: Number of interview groups
  1–5 7 (11.7) 1 (2.3) 8 (7.8)
  6–10 4 (6.7) 4 (9.3) 8 (7.8)
   > 10 2 (3.3) 3 (7.0) 5 (4.9)
  Not reported 8 (13.3) 4 (9.3) 12 (11.7)
  Not used or unclear 39 (65.0) 31 (72.1) 70 (68.0)
E3 Groups: Total participants in group interviews
  2–20 4 (19.0) 1 (8.3) 5 (15.2)
  21–40 4 (19.0) 1 (8.3) 5 (15.2)
  41–60 3 (14.3) 1 (8.3) 4 (12.1)
  61–76 2 (9.5) 0 (−) 2 (6.1)
  Not reported 8 (38.1) 9 (75.0) 17 (51.5)
F. Recording technology used
 Audio 21 (35.0) 10 (23.3) 31 (30.1)
 Video 5 (8.3) 1 (2.3) 6 (5.8)
 Not reported 34 (56.7) 32 (74.4) 66 (64.1)
G. Method of Data Analysis
 Content Analysis (without P. Mayring) 16 (26.7) 10 (23.3) 26 (25.2)
 Content Analysis following P. Mayring 14 (23.3) 2 (4.7) 16 (15.5)
 Grounded Theory 1 (1.7) 4 (9.3) 5 (4.9)
 Other 6 (1.0) 4 (9.3) 10 (9.7)
 Not reported 23 (38.3) 23 (53.5) 46 (44.7)
H. Qualitative Data Analysis software used
 ATLAS.ti 12 (20.0) 2 (4.7) 14 (13.6)
 MAXQDA 3 (5.0) 0 (−) 3 (2.9)
 NVivo 1 (1.7) 2 (4.7) 3 (2.9)
 Other 2 1 (2.3) 3 (2.9)
 Not reported 42 (70.0) 38 (88.4) 80 (77.7)