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Table 3 Frequency of occurrence of the significance fallacy across periods, languages and research areas.

From: The null hypothesis significance test in health sciences research (1995-2006): statistical analysis and interpretation

Criteria Categories Number of papers
examined
Frequency of occurrence of the
significance fallacy
%
(95%CI)
Period 1995-1996 285 224 80 (75 to 85)
  2000-2001 278 210 78 (72 to 83)
  2005-2006 306 216 70 (64 to 75)
Language Spanish 396 295 73 (69 to 78)
  English 473 355 76 (73 to 80)
Area Clinical 300 248 81(76 to 86)
  General Medicine 278 200 72 (66 to 77)
  Public
Health and Epidemiology
291 202 71 (66 to 76)
  1. CI: Confidence Interval