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Table 3 The coding framework

From: “Best fit” framework synthesis: refining the method

Concepts derived for coding Definitions
Beliefs about smoking Person considers there to be or not to be a problem
Perceived pros and cons of smoking Person beginning to consider benefits of change;
Perceived susceptibility to disease (I don’t think anything will happen to me vs my family has a history)
Perceived seriousness of disease (not bothered vs very concerned)
Perceived norms regarding smoking I am participating or not participating because it is expected of me
Priority of quitting It is/is not important to me; I see it as urgent, to be done soon vs no rush
Perceived ability to quit A person’s confidence in their ability to take action and persist in action: I feel able to quit or I feel the programme provides me the ability or motivation to quit; self-efficacy
Dependence I am addicted, nothing will work; or no programme works; I’ve tried quitting before but without success, it’s too hard
Social support It was very helpful to have the support of my: Friends; Family
Organisation support The work environment is/is not conducive to quitting smoking
Opportunity I am participating because the programme is available
Substitutes Substitution of alternatives to the problem behaviour
Incentives to quit Receiving a reward for making the change. The provision of items such as money, prizes and products, or some form of self-reward, which are intended to motivate smokers to reduce consumption or quit